In the 1970’s, the United States was revolutionized by second-wave feminism as conversations about sex and contraception reached the forefront of the political stage. Roe v. Wade (410 US 113-178, Supreme Court of the United States) reshaped how the Constitution protects privacy and autonomy, while also taking a stance on the cultural war between "pro-choice" and "pro-life" advocates. Since 1973, the conservative movement has launched a coordinated campaign to create pro-life policies at the state and federal levels. Since Roe was decided, access to reproductive care has faced continuous attacks, with Dobbs v. Jackson Women’s Health Center (No. 19-1392, 597 U.S Supreme Court (2022)) representing a definitive tipping point in the ongoing battle for reproductive rights. The Dobbs decision now leaves millions of Americans in limbo as state legislatures are left to battle what abortion will look like in their state. Driven by political objectives, the Supreme Court employed an originalist interpretation to advance a specific and narrow understanding of the Constitution, ultimately subjectively overturning precedent. This analysis aims not only to offer an exact critique of the logic weaponized by the court and the hypocrisy wielded by the conservative judges on the court, but also to situate this case in the national and historical context. The fight to overturn Roe was a coordinated effort and was by no means accidental or coincidental. Evaluating this critique without acknowledging the context is naïve because to do so is to miss half of the picture. Understanding why this case was brought to the Supreme Court when it was is just as important as the content of the decision.
The United States houses only five percent of the world’s population but over 20% of its prison population. There has been a dramatic increase in carceral numbers over the last several decades with much of this population being people with mental illness designations. Many scholars attribute this phenomenon to the process of deinstitutionalization, in which mental health institutions in the U.S. were shut down in the 1950s and ‘60s. However, disability scholar Liat Ben-Moshe argues that this is a dangerous oversimplification that fails to credit the deinstitutionalization movement as an abolitionist movement and to take into account shifting demographics between institutions and prisons/jails. This study considers how mass incarceration in the U.S. stems from a trend of isolating and punishing BIPOC and people with disabilities at disproportionate rates as it explores lived experiences at the intersection of mental health and incarceration. Findings inform an abolitionist agenda by highlighting the near impossibility of rehabilitation and treatment in an inherently traumatizing space.
The question of the origin of the Etruscan people has been hotly debated since antiquity. Were the Etruscans native to Italy, or did this people immigrate from somewhere else? This thesis examines the historical, genetic, linguistic and cultural context of the Etruscans to answer this question.
Understanding perovskite degradation and stress responses under practical conditions is necessary to design efficient and stable photovoltaic devices. This experiment creates an in-situ stress testing system, in which the stress of a sample may be tested while it is subjected to conditions that it may experience in operation, such as cycles of sunlight. This immediate stress response is valuable in understanding what factors directly contribute to the stresses that degrade perovskite solar cells. Perovskite may be 2D or 3D and are composed of many different elements and additives. Each ink responds differently to sunlight exposure due to their different structures, which is important to characterize and comprehend. Preliminary testing and characterization for 2D, 3D and MAPI with gellan gum additive perovskite inks is conducted in this experiment. It is reported that the lattice expansion causing degradation-inducing stress is due to photon dosage rather than heat, and both 3D and 2D perovskites are sensitive to minute photon dosage.