Granular activated carbon (GAC) is effectively used to remove natural organic matter (NOM) and to assist in the removal of disinfection byproducts (DBPs) and their precursors. However, operation of GAC is cost- and labor-intensive due to frequent media replacement. Optimizing the use of GAC is necessary to ensure treatment efficiency while reducing costs. This dissertation presents four strategies to reduce improve GAC usage while reducing formation of DBPs.
Download count: 0
- Partial requirement for: Ph.D., Arizona State University, 2017Note typethesis
- Includes bibliographical referencesNote typebibliography
- Field of study: Environmental and sustainable engineering