The present study explored longitudinal associations between self-esteem and a specific dimension of gender identity (GI) and ethnic-racial identity (ERI), namely felt pressure from family and peers to act or behave in either gender or race/ethnic-accordant ways, among a sample of 750 African American and Latino/a middle school students (M = 12.10 years, SD = .97 years) in a southwestern U.S. city. Participants completed measures of self-esteem and GI and ERI felt pressure from family and from peers at two time points. Data were analyzed through bivariate correlation and hierarchical multiple linear regression analyses. Hierarchical multiple linear regression results revealed that among African American students, there was a significant negative longitudinal association between ERI felt pressure from family at Time 1 and self-esteem at Time 2 after controlling for self-esteem at Time 1. There was also a significant negative longitudinal association between ERI felt pressure from peers at Time 1 and self-esteem at Time 2 among African American participants. However, these associations were not found among Latino/a participants. Implications of findings with regards to GI and ERI development during early adolescence, socialization, and school context are discussed.
- Longitudinal associations between felt pressure from family and peers and self-esteem among African American and Latino/a Youth
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- Counseling psychology
- Developmental Psychology
- Early Adolescence
- ethnic-racial identity
- Gender Identity
- Racial/ethnic minority
- Peer pressure
- African American youth--Psychology.
- African American youth
- Mexican American youth--Psychology.
- Mexican American youth
- Hispanic American youth--Psychology.
- Hispanic American youth
- Families--Psychological aspects.
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- Partial requirement for: M.C., Arizona State University, 2017Note typethesis
- Includes bibliographical references (pages 31-36)Note typebibliography
- Field of study: Counseling psychology
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Statement of Responsibility
by Keiko Aoyagi