There is a growing interest in the creation of three-dimensional (3D) images and videos due to the growing demand for 3D visual media in commercial markets. A possible solution to produce 3D media files is to convert existing 2D images and videos to 3D. The 2D to 3D conversion methods that estimate the depth map from 2D scenes for 3D reconstruction present an efficient approach to save on the cost of the coding, transmission and storage of 3D visual media in practical applications. Various 2D to 3D conversion methods based on depth maps have been developed using existing image and video processing techniques. The depth maps can be estimated either from a single 2D view or from multiple 2D views. This thesis presents a MATLAB-based 2D to 3D conversion system from multiple views based on the computation of a sparse depth map. The 2D to 3D conversion system is able to deal with the multiple views obtained from uncalibrated hand-held cameras without knowledge of the prior camera parameters or scene geometry. The implemented system consists of techniques for image feature detection and registration, two-view geometry estimation, projective 3D scene reconstruction and metric upgrade to reconstruct the 3D structures by means of a metric transformation. The implemented 2D to 3D conversion system is tested using different multi-view image sets. The obtained experimental results of reconstructed sparse depth maps of feature points in 3D scenes provide relative depth information of the objects. Sample ground-truth depth data points are used to calculate a scale factor in order to estimate the true depth by scaling the obtained relative depth information using the estimated scale factor. It was found out that the obtained reconstructed depth map is consistent with the ground-truth depth data.
- 3D modeling using multi-view images
- Three dimentional modeling using multi-view images
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by Jinjin Li