Introduction: Pediatric delirium has a 25% prevalence rate in the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU). The project purpose was to implement a nonpharmacological nursing bundle in the PICU to assess the effects on delirium reduction.
Method: A nonpharmacological nursing bundle was implemented for PICU patients, 2-18 years of age, admitted to an Arizona metropolitan, children’s hospital. Data was collected using the Cornell Assessment of Pediatric Delirium (CAP-D) screening tool.
Results: Prebundle CAP-D and postbundle CAP-D scores (M=5.57, SD=5.78; M=7.10, SD=5.61) did not differ among the participants. Prebundle participants required an intervention 26.7% of the time for delirium compared to 31.6% in the postbundle population. No statistical significance was seen between the prebundle and the postbundle CAP-D scores t(59)=7.46; t(205)=18.17 (P=0.08, fisher’s exact test).
Discussion: Nonpharmacological bundles for delirium prevention are needed in the PICU. This project shows that significant barriers exist when implementing them in a complex pediatric environment.