Implementation of a Pediatric Asthma Protocol within a Pediatric Primary Care Clinic
Asthma is one of the most common pediatric diseases, affecting 6.3 million U.S. children in 2014, that can result in negative health outcomes if not managed correctly due to it's chronic and complex nature requiring frequent and close management (NHLBI, 2007). The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute's (NHLBI) Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Management of Asthma will be implemented into practice to determine the health outcomes of patients before and after guideline implementation.
Inclusion criteria includes patients 5-18 years with a history of asthma, recurrent albuterol use, or intermittent symptoms of airflow obstruction. Data will be collected through EHR data reports at pre implementation, 3 months, and 6 months post implementation and will be analyzed using SPSS. Descriptive statistics, paired t-tests, and a Friedman's ANOVA will be conducted to analyze data.
A Friedman ANOVA was conducted comparing the outcome variables six months priot to the practice change, at three months post implementation, and at six months post implementation. A significant difference was found (x2(15) = 216.62, p<.05). The implementation of the practice change significantly affected the outcome variables.
In general, the implementation of a practice change to use evidence based NHLBI ERP-3 Asthma Guidelines, along with staff and provider education sessions and creation of standardized assessment and documentation tools resulted in positive changes in the outcomes variables. Findings from this study along with the literature of implementing evidence based asthma guidelines supports similar practice change implementations in other pediatric primary care clinics.