Purpose: The purpose of the project was to improve physical activity (PA), eating habits (EH) and self-efficacy (SE) by implementing short lifestyle modification education in a rural primary care setting.
Background: Although prediabetes awareness has slightly improved, the nationwide unawareness remains high. General knowledge about the disease and its risk factors and prevention are significant variables to adopt health-promoting behaviors. Lifestyle change intervention has been shown to be effective with the risk reduction behaviors in prediabetic population. However, it can be a daunting task to translate during short office visits.
Methods: Sixteen participants with risk for prediabetes or diagnosed prediabetes enrolled into a 5-minute education session in a rural health clinic. They received follow-up phone calls weekly for 4 weeks. Demographics, PA, EH and SE levels were measured before the education session. During the fourth week, PA, EH and SE were measured again. Frequency, descriptive analysis, and paired t-test were used for data analysis.
Outcomes: The mean age of participants was 56.6 13.0 years. Approximately 81% were female, and 62.5% identified as Caucasian. Over 80% reported married, and 56.3% described their health condition as good. The three quarters (75%) noted they have heard of the term prediabetes. The intervention had a significant effect on PA, EH and SE from the baseline to post intervention, p = .005, p = .008, and p = .003, respectively.
Conclusion: This DNP project illustrated that one time brief lifestyle change education could positively impact PA, EH and SE in people with high risk for prediabetes in a primary care clinic.