The notion of the safety of a system when placed in an environment with humans and other machines has been one of the primary concerns of practitioners while deploying any cyber-physical system (CPS). Such systems, also called safety-critical systems, need to be exhaustively tested for erroneous behavior. This generates the need for coming up with algorithms that can help ascertain the behavior and safety of the system by generating tests for the system where they are likely to falsify. In this work, three algorithms have been presented that aim at finding falsifying behaviors in cyber-physical Systems. PART-X intelligently partitions while sampling the input space to provide probabilistic point and region estimates of falsification. PYSOAR-C and LS-EMIBO aims at finding falsifying behaviors in gray-box systems when some information about the system is available. Specifically, PYSOAR-C aims to find falsification while maximizing coverage using a two-phase optimization process, while LS-EMIBO aims at exploiting the structure of a requirement to find falsifications with lower computational cost compared to the state-of-the-art. This work also shows the efficacy of the algorithms on a wide range of complex cyber-physical systems. The algorithms presented in this thesis are available as python toolboxes.
- Inside the Box: Analysing Cyber-physical Systems, Exploiting Models and Specifications
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