The possibility of creating inorganic/organic hybrid materials has yet to be fully explored within geopolymer research. Using PDMS as an organic precursor, the surface of sodium and potassium geopolymers of varying precursor composition were functionalized with degraded PDMS oligomers. Both types of geopolymer yielded hydrophobic materials with BET surface area of 0.6475 m2/g and 4.342 m2/g for sodium and potassium geopolymer, respectively. Each respective material also had an oil capacity of 74.75 ± 4.06 weight% and 134.19 ± 4.89 weight%. X-ray diffraction analysis demonstrated that the PDMS functionalized sodium geopolymers had similar crystal structures that matched references for zeolite A and sodalite. The potassium geopolymers were amorphous, but showed consistency in diffraction patterns across different compositions.
- Production of Organosiloxane-Modified Hydrophobic Geopolymer Materials