There is a lack of music therapy services for college students who have problems with depression and/or anxiety. Even among universities and colleges that offer music therapy degrees, there are no known programs offering music therapy to the institution's students. Female college students are particularly vulnerable to depression and anxiety symptoms compared to their male counterparts. Many students who experience mental health problems do not receive treatment, because of lack of knowledge, lack of services, or refusal of treatment. Music therapy is proposed as a reliable and valid complement or even an alternative to traditional counseling and pharmacotherapy because of the appeal of music to young women and the potential for a music therapy group to help isolated students form supportive networks. The present study recruited 14 female university students to participate in a randomized controlled trial of short-term group music therapy to address symptoms of depression and anxiety. The students were randomly divided into either the treatment group or the control group. Over 4 weeks, each group completed surveys related to depression and anxiety. Results indicate that the treatment group's depression and anxiety scores gradually decreased over the span of the treatment protocol. The control group showed either maintenance or slight worsening of depression and anxiety scores. Although none of the results were statistically significant, the general trend indicates that group music therapy was beneficial for the students. A qualitative analysis was also conducted for the treatment group. Common themes were financial concerns, relationship problems, loneliness, and time management/academic stress. All participants indicated that they benefited from the sessions. The group progressed in its cohesion and the participants bonded to the extent that they formed a supportive network which lasted beyond the end of the protocol. The results of this study are by no means conclusive, but do indicate that colleges with music therapy degree programs should consider adding music therapy services for their general student bodies.
- The use of short-term group music therapy for female college students with depression and anxiety
The date the item was original created (prior to any relationship with the ASU Digital Repositories.)
- Clinical Psychology
- Mental Health
- College students
- Music Therapy
- randomized controlled trial
- Music Therapy
- Women college students--Mental health services.
- Women college students
- Depression in women--Treatment.
- Depression in women
- Anxiety in women--Treatment.
- Anxiety in women
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- Partial requirement for: M.M., Arizona State University, 2013Note typethesis
- Includes bibliographical references (p. 53-59)Note typebibliography
- Field of study: Music therapy
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Statement of Responsibility
by Barbara Ashton