The human gut microbiome is a complex community of microorganisms. These microbes play an important role in host health by contributing essential compounds and acting as a barrier against pathogens. However, these communities and associated functions can be impacted by factors like disease and diet. In particular, microbial fermentation of dietary components like polysaccharides, proteins, and fats that reach the gut are being examined to better understand how these biopolymers are utilized and affect community structure.
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