The concentration necessary to kill bacterial biofilms with antimicrobials is the minimum biofilm eradication concentration (MBEC). This is usually determined using an in vitro approach and will vary within different strains of bacteria. Biomedical implants produce biofilm-related infections presenting a unique challenge due to the combination of subpopulations of the bacterial community and the polysaccharide matrix presented by biofilms. The purpose of this investigation is to determine how exposure times in the order of weeks to months affect the MBEC. Using an in vitro approach, Staphylococcus aureus (UAMS-1) and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) biofilms were produced with a 24 hour growth time and exposed to two antimicrobials, tobramycin and vancomycin, and one combination treatment that consisted of 1:1 tobramycin: vancomycin by weight. Crystal violet screening was used in order to ensure the integrity of the biofilm matrix throughout the full time of exposure. It was determined that UAMS-1 MBECs were lowered after 56 days of exposure than after 5 days for all three treatment groups. MRSA MBECs after 5 days of exposure decreased only with in vancomycin treatment group.
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