Description

Structural variations of the thoracic outlet create a unique risk for neurogenic thoracic outlet syndrome (nTOS) that is difficult to diagnose clinically. Common anatomical variations in brachial plexus (BP) branching

Structural variations of the thoracic outlet create a unique risk for neurogenic thoracic outlet syndrome (nTOS) that is difficult to diagnose clinically. Common anatomical variations in brachial plexus (BP) branching were recently discovered in which portions of the proximal plexus pierce the anterior scalene. This results in possible impingement of BP nerves within the muscle belly and, therefore, predisposition for nTOS. We hypothesized that some cases of disputed nTOS result from these BP branching variants.

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    Date Created
    • 2017-07-04
    Resource Type
  • Text
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    Identifier
    • Digital object identifier: 10.3390/diagnostics7030040
    • Identifier Type
      International standard serial number
      Identifier Value
      2075-4418
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    Leonhard, V., Caldwell, G., Goh, M., Reeder, S., & Smith, H. (2017). Ultrasonographic Diagnosis of Thoracic Outlet Syndrome Secondary to Brachial Plexus Piercing Variation. Diagnostics, 7(3), 40. doi:10.3390/diagnostics7030040

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