This thesis presents an overview of the calculation and application of locational marginal prices in electric power systems particularly pertaining to the distribution system. The terminology proposed is a distribution locational marginal price or DLMP. The calculation of locational process in distribution engineering is conjectured and discussed. The use of quadratic programming for this calculation is proposed and illustrated. A small four bus test bed exemplifies the concept and then the concept is expanded to the IEEE 34 bus distribution system. Alternatives for the calculation are presented, and approximations are reviewed. Active power losses in the system are modeled and incorporated by two different methods. These calculation methods are also applied to the 34 bus system. The results from each method are compared to results found using the PowerWorld simulator. The application of energy management using the DLMP to control load is analyzed as well. This analysis entails the use of the DLMP to cause certain controllable loads to decrease when the DLMP is high, and vice-versa. Tests are done to illustrate the impact of energy management using DLMPs for residential, commercial, and industrial controllable loads. Results showing the dynamics of the loads are shown. The use and characteristics of Matlab function FMINCON are presented in an appendix.