A Uniform Retrieval Analysis of Ultra-cool Dwarfs. IV. A Statistical Census from 50 Late T-dwarfs

Document
Description

The spectra of brown dwarfs are key to exploring the chemistry and physics thattake place in their atmospheres. Late T dwarf (950 - 500 K) spectra are particularly
diagnostic due

The spectra of brown dwarfs are key to exploring the chemistry and physics thattake place in their atmospheres. Late T dwarf (950 - 500 K) spectra are particularly
diagnostic due to their relatively cloud free atmospheres and deep molecular
bands. With the use of powerful atmospheric retrieval tools, these properties permit
constraints on molecular/atomic abundances and temperature profiles. Building
upon previous analyses on T and Y dwarfs (Line et al. 2017; Zalesky et al. 2019),
I present a uniform retrieval analysis of 50 T dwarfs via their low-resolution near infrared
spectra. This analysis more than doubles the sample of T dwarfs with retrieved
properties. I present updates on current compositional trends and thermal
profile constraints amongst the T dwarf population. My analysis shows that my collection
of objects form trends that are consistent with solar grid model expectations
for water, ammonia, methane, and potassium. I also establish a consistency between
the thermal structures of my objects with those of grid models. Moreover, I explore
the origin of gravity-metallicity discrepancies that are observed in some of my brown
dwarf candidates.