Register files for embedded low-power applications including microprocessors

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Description

Register file (RF) memory is important in low power system on chip (SOC) due to its

inherent low voltage stability. Moreover, designs increasingly use compiled instead of custom memory blocks, which

Register file (RF) memory is important in low power system on chip (SOC) due to its

inherent low voltage stability. Moreover, designs increasingly use compiled instead of custom memory blocks, which frequently employ static, rather than pre-charged dynamic RFs. In this work, the various RFs designed for a microprocessor cache and register files are discussed. Comparison between static and dynamic RF power dissipation and timing characteristics is also presented. The relative timing and power advantages of the designs are shown to be dependent on the memory aspect ratio, i.e. array width and height.