There has been a tremendous amount of innovation in policing over the last 40 years, from community and problem-oriented policing to hot spots and intelligence-led policing. Many of these innovations have been subjected to empirical testing, with mixed results on effectiveness. The latest innovation in policing is the Bureau of Justice Assistance's Smart Policing Initiative (2009). Created in 2009, the SPI provides funding to law enforcement agencies to develop and test evidence-based practices to address crime and disorder.
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- Partial requirement for: M.S., Arizona State University, 2013Note typethesis
- Includes bibliographical references (p. 67-72)Note typebibliography
- Field of study: Criminology and criminal justice