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In recent years, southern Africa has figured prominently in the modern human origins debate due to increasing evidence for precocious behaviors considered to be unique to our species. These significant

In recent years, southern Africa has figured prominently in the modern human origins debate due to increasing evidence for precocious behaviors considered to be unique to our species. These significant findings have included bone tools, shell beads, engraved ostrich eggshell, and heavily ground and engraved ochre fragments. The presence of ochre in Middle Stone Age (MSA, ~250-40kya) archaeological sites in southern Africa is often proposed as indirect evidence for the emergence of symbolic or artistic behavior, a uniquely modern human trait.

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    Date Created
    • 2012
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  • Text
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    • Partial requirement for: Ph.D., Arizona State University, 2012
      Note type
      thesis
    • Includes bibliographical references (p. 404-426)
      Note type
      bibliography
    • Field of study: Anthropology

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    by Jocelyn A. Bernatchez

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