Matching Items (58)

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Optical Characterization of Silver-Doped Germanium-Chalcogenide Thin Films

Description

The purpose of this research is to optically characterize germanium-based chalcogenide thin films and evaluate how their properties change when the composition is altered. The composition changes based on if

The purpose of this research is to optically characterize germanium-based chalcogenide thin films and evaluate how their properties change when the composition is altered. The composition changes based on if the chalcogenide contains selenium or sulfur, if the film is 60 nanometers or 200 nanometers, and if the film is doped with silver (ranging from 0 nanometers to 30 nanometers). These amorphous germanium-chalcogenide thin films exhibit interesting properties when doped with silver, such as transporting ions within the film in addition to electron transport. Using optical characterization techniques such as UV-Vis spectroscopy, profilometry, and ellipsometry, parameters that describe the optical characteristics are found, including the absorption coefficient, refractive index, optical band gap energy, and information on the density of states. This research concludes that as silver content within the film increases, the optical bandgap energy decreases—this is a consistent trend in existing literature. Having a better understanding of the materials’ physical properties will be useful to aid in the creation of microsystems based on these materials by selecting optimal composition and growth conditions. Important applications using these materials are currently being researched, including variable capacitor devices relying on the ionic conductor behavior these materials display. The optical properties like the absorption coefficient and the optical bandgap energy are invaluable in designing these applications effectively.

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  • 2019-05

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The Applicability of an Athletic Shoe Comprising an In-Shoe Force Measurement System

Description

Having the proper biomechanical and neuromuscular kinematics while performing an athletic motion is essential for athletes. Deviations from proper form in execution of the kinetic chain of an athletic movement

Having the proper biomechanical and neuromuscular kinematics while performing an athletic motion is essential for athletes. Deviations from proper form in execution of the kinetic chain of an athletic movement may result in suboptimal performance and oftentimes an elevated likelihood of injury. The solutions currently available to athletes to account for digression from proper form are limited to sight and feel analysis of movement by the athletes and coaches and basic medical and athletic analysis equipment that is unsuitable for real-time analysis, the rigor and speed of dynamic athletic motions, and in-field use. The solution proposed herein is one of an in-shoe force measurement and foot positioning system designed to measure the ground reaction force generated by and alignment of an athlete's feet during an athletic motion. Research into various sports has found that the feet play a foundational role in proper execution of the kinetic chain, wherein the alignment, positioning, force generation, and timing of the feet may dictate proper execution of subsequent segments in the kinetic chain. The goal of the present design is to provide athletes with a solution to allow for real-time kinematic analysis of athletic motions using an in-shoe force measurement and foot positioning system. An understanding into the compensatory effect of foot misalignment, mismatched timing, and under or overcompensated ground reaction force generation by the feet on ensuing segments of the kinetic chain in conjunction with the present design can allow for athletes to measure and determine their degree of accuracy in form execution and to predict potential injuries resulting from deviations in form. Our design of an athletic shoe comprising an in-shoe force measurement system provides a dynamic solution to sports-related injuries presently unavailable to athletes.

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Date Created
  • 2017-05

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LoRa Weather Station

Description

Communication between the physical and digital world via software, embedded sensors and network connectivity is referred to by the term, the "Internet of Things" (IoT) [1]. The IoT transforms natural

Communication between the physical and digital world via software, embedded sensors and network connectivity is referred to by the term, the "Internet of Things" (IoT) [1]. The IoT transforms natural objects into "smart devices" to improve accuracy, reduce human intervention, and provide real-time data [1]. Smart weather stations that upload information, including temperature and humidity, to the Internet are already available. However, these products are often expensive and programmed only for single-purpose use. The LoRa Weather Station is a low cost, low power and low maintenance IoT solution that combines Microchip Technology's LoRa RN2903 module along with Mikroelektronika's Weather Click sensor. This report discusses how the LoRa Weather Station was created, primarily focusing on the LoRa gateway setup by a Raspberry Pi local web server. This project was completed by four electrical engineering students in the EEE 488 and 489 Senior Design courses at Arizona State University from Fall 2016 to Spring 2017. Total expenses for the project were $717.84, including the LoRa gateway which amounted to $104 (see Appendix C for the Bill of Materials).

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  • 2016-12

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Hot Car Baby Monitor

Description

Year after year, babies are dying after being left behind in cars that reach dangerous levels of heat. This project, conducted by the Hot Babies Senior Design Team, aims to

Year after year, babies are dying after being left behind in cars that reach dangerous levels of heat. This project, conducted by the Hot Babies Senior Design Team, aims to solve this growing issue with the development of a hot car baby monitor. This device is integrated with multiple sensors: temperature, sound, carbon dioxide, and motion in order to detect life inside of a hot car. By using different sensors, a combination of threshold activated signals can be used to provide high quality monitoring and reduce false alarms from outside noise. Once the algorithms predict the presence of a living being inside a dangerously hot vehicle, the baby car monitor will send out text messages warning designated parents and/or guardians of the issue. The baby car monitor is further optimized with a low battery indicator and a sleep mode feature. The schedule of the project is separated into the fall and spring semesters. For the fall semester, all of the sensors and the microcontroller were purchased and tested individually. For the spring semester, all of the sensors were integrated together on a PCB and tested under hot car environments. Additionally, features such as the text messaging interface and the sleep mode were added. The budget of the final working product is roughly ~ $200. The cost includes the different sensors, microcontroller, data plan, text messaging module, and PCB. When mass produced, the cost is expected to go down.

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  • 2017-05

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The Rest Egg Smartphone Connection: Accessibility, Utility, and Ease of Use via Mobile Application Support

Description

This document introduces the need for the Rest Egg system and defines an accessible method of smartphone integration. Excessive noise can prevent recovering patients and special needs persons from resting

This document introduces the need for the Rest Egg system and defines an accessible method of smartphone integration. Excessive noise can prevent recovering patients and special needs persons from resting correctly. The Rest Egg was designed for these people- people who are in critical need of quality rest but are often unable to eliminate stressors themselves. This system ensures their environment is calm by alerting caretakers' smartphones if noise reaches abrasive levels. Smartphones were the preferred device due to the wide spread of such devices in today's market. After making open sourcing a goal, something ubiquitous and affordable \u2014 yet usable and dependable \u2014 was necessary for the alert system. These requirements lead to the election an online alert service: Pushover, a trademark and product of Superblock, LLC.

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Date Created
  • 2016-05

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Torque Control Solution and Characterization for a Battery Powered Prosthetic Hand Using Myoelectric Control

Description

The Barrett Honors Student, Cameron Berns, was asked to characterize a torque control solution for a myoelectric controlled prosthetic hand. The student performed several tasks above the senior design scope

The Barrett Honors Student, Cameron Berns, was asked to characterize a torque control solution for a myoelectric controlled prosthetic hand. The student performed several tasks above the senior design scope for the honors portion that include: experimentation to find the best torque control solution, design of a digital control system and debug board, perform idealistic characterization on the chosen torque control option, and finally research future implementation for total system identification. The experiments were a success and a crude implementation was achieved.

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  • 2020-05

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On the Communication Barrier Between Engineers and Clinicians Through Clinical Footwear Development

Description

There is a demonstrable issue in how new medical technologies are developed. The consumer market is always overflowing with the newest possible technologies; however, this is often not the case

There is a demonstrable issue in how new medical technologies are developed. The consumer market is always overflowing with the newest possible technologies; however, this is often not the case in the medical field. The consumer market refers to a product that any individual can buy in a retail store, whereas a product for the medical field is prescribed by a clinician for use by a patient. The development of devices usually targets the consumer market rather than the medical field. This trend leads to the development of devices that may have consumer and clinical benefits not receiving consideration in the clinical market because they are not designed with a strictly medical purpose in mind. This is an issue that needs rectification, as injured patients deserve the best possible care with the best technologies available. The development of these technologies should not be limited by a lack of communication between clinicians and engineers. This thesis will explore why product development in the medical field lags behind that of the consumer market. It will also offer practical solutions, as well as having an engineering team develop a device specifically for use in the medical field. The development of this product will show that the lack of communication between clinicians and engineers is possible to overcome. From this development process, recommendations will be made to offer specific solutions to overcome the communication barrier and aid future product development.

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  • 2020-05

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Utilizing Programmable Metallization Cells to Create Smart Interposers

Description

Interposers have been used in the system packaging industry for years. They have advanced from basic devices used for connection to providing new opportunities for System-in-Package and System-on-Chip architectures. Currently

Interposers have been used in the system packaging industry for years. They have advanced from basic devices used for connection to providing new opportunities for System-in-Package and System-on-Chip architectures. Currently interposers cannot be reconfigured. Systems may implement extra input-output connections for hard reconfiguration. However, programmable metallization cells (PMC) offer the opportunity to change this. PMCs offer reliable and fast switching that has the potential to be used as resistive memory cells as well. PMCs operate by growing a metal filament from the device cathode to its anode through a solid electrolyte by applying a voltage. By reversing the voltage bias, the filament will retract. The PMC’s electrolyte can also be made from a range of materials being chalcogen or oxide based, allowing for integration in a variety of systems. By utilizing PMCs in an interposer to create a “smart interposer,” it would be possible to create easily reconfigurable systems. This project investigated how PMCs function in a lab setting. By using a probe station, the current-voltage characteristics were generated for a variety of limiting current values. The PMC on and off state resistances were extrapolated for further understanding of its switch function. In addition, works-like prototypes were developed to show the function a smart interposer. In these prototypes, transistors or relays were used as the switching mechanism in place of the PMCs. The final works-like prototype demonstrated how a smart interposer might function by using a switching mechanism to swap between half adder and full adder outputs for the same inputs.

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  • 2020-05

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Remote Sensing and Identification of Dendrite Structures

Description

Metallically embedded dendritic structures have the potential to become a cost-effective means of conducting microwave frequency identification. They are grown quickly and contain no extra circuitry. However, their reaction to

Metallically embedded dendritic structures have the potential to become a cost-effective means of conducting microwave frequency identification. They are grown quickly and contain no extra circuitry. However, their reaction to microwave frequency signatures has been unknown. Fractals Unlimited (the thesis group) aimed to test the viability of the dendritic structures to produce unique electromagnetic signatures through the transmission and reflection of microwaves. This report will detail the work that was done by one team member throughout the last two semesters.

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  • 2020-05

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Electronic Body Protectors: Improving upon an unbiased method to judge Taekwondo Competitions

Description

In competitive Taekwondo, Electronic Body Protectors (EBPs) are used to register hits made by players during sparring. EBPs are comprised of three main components: chest guard, foot sock, and headgear.

In competitive Taekwondo, Electronic Body Protectors (EBPs) are used to register hits made by players during sparring. EBPs are comprised of three main components: chest guard, foot sock, and headgear. This equipment interacts with each other through the use of magnets, electric sensors, transmitters, and a receiver. The receiver is connected to a computer programmed with software to process signals from the transmitter and determine whether or not a competitor scored a point. The current design of EBPs, however, have numerous shortcomings, including sensing false positives, failing to register hits, costing too much, and relying on human judgment. This thesis will thoroughly delineate the operation of the current EBPs used and discuss research performed in order to eliminate these weaknesses.

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Date Created
  • 2016-05