Quantum computers provide a promising future, where computationally difficult
problems can be executed exponentially faster than the current classical computers we have in use today. While there is tremendous research and development in the creation of quantum computers, there is a fundamental challenge that exists in the quantum world. Due to the fragility of the quantum world, error correction methods have originated since 1995 to tackle the giant problem. Since the birth of the idea that these powerful computers can crunch and process numbers beyond the limit of the current computers, there exist several mathematical error correcting codes that could potentially give the required stability in the fragile and fault tolerant quantum world. While there has been a multitude of possible solutions, there is no one single error correcting code that is the key to solving the problem. Almost every solution presented has shared with it a limiting factor or an issue that prevents it from becoming the breakthrough that is desperately needed.
This paper gives an introductory knowledge of what is the quantum world and why there is a need for error correcting topologies. Finally, it introduces one recent topology that could be added to the list of possible solutions to this central problem. Rather than focusing on the mathematical frameworks, the paper introduces the main concepts so that most readers even outside the major field of computer science can understand what the main problem is and how this topology attempts to solve it.