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A Strategic Management Perspective of Fund Family Competition: Theories and Evidence from America and China

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Since the 2008 financial crisis, the total assets managed by U.S. mutual funds have frequently hit new highs and the industry has become increasingly concentrated. In the meantime, two strategies have emerged in the American mutual fund industry: active and

Since the 2008 financial crisis, the total assets managed by U.S. mutual funds have frequently hit new highs and the industry has become increasingly concentrated. In the meantime, two strategies have emerged in the American mutual fund industry: active and passive management. What factors affect the market shares of firms that adopted these two different strategies?

Building on strategic management theories, I suggest that mutual fund families that adopted active and passive management strategies tend to compete in different dimensions. Active management fund families tend to implement the product differentiation strategy, competing on “product quality” through excess-returns, innovative and differentiated fund products; passively managed fund families focus more on "price competition" by conducting an overall cost leadership strategy.

This research examines the driven factors of fund families’ market share. The results show that: the market share of actively managed fund families is more sensitive to positive impact of fund performance, while passive management firms are more sensitive to negative effect of management fees and total loads; 12b-1 expense improves the competitiveness of active fund families and thus enhance their market shares but it has negative impact on passive fund families. In addition, high turnover decreases the market share of all fund families, especially for passively managed families. The outcome reveals the latest US mutual industry orientation: products differentiation, turnover, management fee have greater impact on market share while the competition of fund performance is diminishing. The Matthew effect in US mutual fund industry is outstanding. Industrial competition dimension expands from performance and products to cost cutting.

Empirical analysis on Chinese mutual fund families is also conducted. Different from the US, there is only small number of mutual fund families targeting passive management products. The results show that the distribution channel has the largest impact on Chinese mutual fund family market share and investors are more willing to chase performance than to consider cost-efficient fund families. This study then analyses reasons behind the difference of Chinese and American mutual fund industries.

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Agent

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Date Created
2018

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平台信任与理财师信任:基于问卷调查表的实证分析

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财富管理是一个高度信息不对称的行业,因此投资人需要尽可能减少自身的不确定来做投资决策,通过文献整理,本文发现通过建立信任来消除不确定性是很多投资人都会选择的帮助投资决策的方法。纵观历史,美国2007-2008年的金融危机也恰恰导致金融市场投资人对于理财机构信任的严重缺失,相同的情况也可能发生在中国财富管理市场,因此本文将此选作研究重点,希望深入研究财富管理公司投资人对理财师的信任来得到一系列结论。本文最终发现就平台和理财师相比,投资人更看重平台的信誉度。 投资人大多认为平台的信誉度要高于理财师的信誉度,但是这并不意味着理财师不重要。本文进一步的分析发现,多数投资人会和理财师建立起一种私人联系,且该私人关系有助于加强客户和平台的联系。投资人认为行业经验、为人诚恳,说话可信以及责任心是加强这种私人关系的重要因素。最后,投资人对于钜派平台的信任主要由对于理财师的信任来维持,同时对于理财师的信任主要来自与情感信任。本文的发现对财富管理平台具有战略意义。

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Agent

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Date Created
2019

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中国民营企业的传承模型研究

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当前,民营企业已成为中国重要支撑力量,而未来5到10年,约有300多万家民营企业面临传承困境。但学术研究领域在传承整体框架、配套机制建设方面有完整论述、有成功案例的所见不多。首先,针对以上民营企业的传承现状,本文将研究、回答五个问题:1、成功传承的标准和要素是什么?2、传承模式有哪几种,每种模式配套的传承机制是什么,该如何建立?3、民营企业应选择何种传承模式,如何选择?4、民营企业的整套传承方案如何落地搭建?5、是否有普适性的、可借鉴的民营企业传承模型,包含哪些要素?
其次,本文主要使用文献研究、案例研究、实证分析,选取中、美、德、日四家不同传承阶段、不同传承模式的知名民营企业,对其传承情况进行深入研究。在此基础上,归纳总结出传承的关键要素,对前述五个问题进行系统解答。同时,本文创新性地结合理论研究、案例研究及企业实践,提出适合我国大部分民营企业的传承全周期管理框架。
最后,根据以上研究,本文总结出关于中国民营企业传承的八大结论及建议:1、本质:权力的交接和义务的传递;2、两大风险:继任风险(继任人的能力要求)、代理风险(继任人对企业核心理念的意愿/忠诚度);3、降低风险的四大机制:领袖锻造、人才梯队、管控治理、激励机制;4、两大成功要素:“选领袖”和“建机制”;5、四大机制是并行推进、相辅相成的,要尽早构建、持续优化;6、三大模式:家族成员继承、内生培养经理人、外聘职业经理人;7、民营企业传承模型包含七大要素、五大步骤;8、民营企业在制定传承方案时,除了要注意传承模型中的要素,还要注意其他关键要素。

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Agent

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Date Created
2020

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基于因子的FOF组合构建应用

Description

近年来,中国内地FOF业务发展迅速,但在业务发展初期的实践中,FOF管理人在遴选基金资产和预测其未来收益等方面遇到诸多困难,传统的FOF组合构建技术往往不理想。本文借鉴海外因子配置相关理论,尝试通过归因分析基金的收益来源,寻找能深度刻画基金经理管理能力的特质因子,创新性地提出了基于权益类基金的特质因子构建FOF组合的新方法。本文选择100家权益类私募基金,通过因子拆解剥离了市场、行业、风格等共同影响因素,遴选出特质因子表现更优的基金经理,而不是仅仅选择过往业绩好的基金经理,并基于特质因子构建一组FOF组合,与此同时,运用传统方法构建基于基金资产的另一组FOF组合,对比两种组合方法的组合绩效,实证结果显示基于特质因子的FOF组合绩效更优。本文进一步运用转移概率矩阵和相关性分析,找到了基于特质因子的FOF组合绩效更优的证据,即特质因子延续性更好和相关性更低。与基于基金资产的FOF组合配置传统方法相比,由于基金的特质因子延续性更好,运用历史数据预测未来收益的确定性相对更好;基金的特质因子之间的相关性低,大幅增强了FOF组合配置的稳定性和分散性。总体来讲,基于特质因子的FOF组合配置方法为FOF管理人提供了一个更量化、更有效、更稳健的组合配置新路径,能有效提升FOF组合配置的绩效。

关键词: FOF、因子投资、组合配置、特质因子

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Agent

Created

Date Created
2020