Matching Items (8)

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Evaluation of Current Helmet Technologies for Redesign of Cycling Helmets

Description

Traumatic brain injuries and the effects they can bring are becoming the main focus among researchers and physicians. Cycling is the leading sport with the most traumatic brain injuries, but

Traumatic brain injuries and the effects they can bring are becoming the main focus among researchers and physicians. Cycling is the leading sport with the most traumatic brain injuries, but the design of the cycling helmet has stayed the same for decades now. The technology of a bike is constantly getting developed and testing but the helmet is lagging behind. This project consists of designing and testing different cycling helmets through ANSYS simulations to determine the ideal geometry and features a cycling helmet must include, reducing the stress that the head experiences upon impact during a fall.

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Created

Date Created
  • 2020-05

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Theoretical Modeling of Ti6Al4V Alloy Based on Testing Results

Description

Titanium has been and continues to be a popular metal across any form of manufacturing and production because of its extremely favorable properties. In important circumstances, it finds itself outclassing

Titanium has been and continues to be a popular metal across any form of manufacturing and production because of its extremely favorable properties. In important circumstances, it finds itself outclassing many metals by being lighter and less dense than comparably strong metals like steel. Relative to other metals it has a noteworthy corrosion resistance as it is stable when it oxidizes, and due to the inert nature of the metal, it is famously hypoallergenic and as a result used in a great deal of aviation and medical fields, including being used to produce replacement joints, with the notable limitation of the material being its cost of manufacturing. Among the variants of the metal and alloys used, Ti6Al4V alloy is famous for being the most reliable and popular combination for electron beam manufacturing(EBM) as a method of additive manufacturing. <br/>Developed by the Swedish Arcam, AB, EBM is one of the more recent methods of additive manufacturing, and is notable for its lack of waste by combining most of the material into the intended product due to its precision. This method, much like the titanium it is used to print in this case, is limited mostly by time and value of production. <br/>For this thesis, nine different simulations of a dogbone model were generated and analyzed in Ansys APDL using finite element analysis at various temperature and print conditions to create a theoretical model based on experimentally produced values.

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Agent

Created

Date Created
  • 2021-05

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Design and Analysis of an Exhaust System for a Four Cylinder Engine

Description

Formula SAE is a student design competition where students design and fabricate a formula-style racecar to race in a series of events against schools from around the world. It gives

Formula SAE is a student design competition where students design and fabricate a formula-style racecar to race in a series of events against schools from around the world. It gives students of all majors the ability to use classroom theory and knowledge in a real world application. The general guidelines for the prototype racecars is for the students to use four-stroke, Otto cycle piston engines with a displacement of no greater than 610cc. A 20mm air restrictor downstream the throttle limits the power of the engines to under 100 horsepower. A 178-page rulebook outlines the remaining restrictions as they apply to the various vehicle systems: vehicle dynamics, driver interface, aerodynamics, and engine. Vehicle dynamics is simply the study of the forces which affect wheeled vehicles in motion. Its primary components are the chassis and suspension system. Driver interface controls everything that the driver interacts with including steering wheel, seat, pedals, and shifter. Aerodynamics refers to the outside skin of the vehicle which controls the amount of drag and downforce on the vehicle. Finally, the engine consists of the air intake, engine block, cooling system, and the exhaust. The exhaust is one of the most important pieces of an engine that is often overlooked in racecar design. The purpose of the exhaust is to control the removal of the combusted air-fuel mixture from the engine cylinders. The exhaust as well as the intake is important because they govern the flow into and out of the engine's cylinders (Heywood 231). They are especially important in racecar design because they have a great impact on the power produced by an engine. The higher the airflow through the cylinders, the larger amount of fuel that can be burned and consequently, the greater amount of power the engine can produce. In the exhaust system, higher airflow is governed by several factors. A good exhaust design gives and engine a higher volumetric efficiency through the exhaust scavenging effect. Volumetric efficiency is also affected by frictional losses. In addition, the system should ideally be lightweight, and easily manufacturable. Arizona State University's Formula SAE racecar uses a Honda F4i Engine from a CBR 600 motorcycle. It is a four cylinder Otto cycle engine with a 600cc displacement. An ideal or tuned exhaust system for this car would maximize the negative gauge pressure during valve overlap at the ideal operating rpm. Based on the typical track layout for the Formula SAE design series, an ideal exhaust system would be optimized for 7500 rpm and work well in the range

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Created

Date Created
  • 2016-05

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Design of Monocoque Chassis for Formula SAE

Description

The project consists of steps that a Formula SAE team could take into developing their first carbon fiber monocoque chassis. The project is based on an interview with a successful

The project consists of steps that a Formula SAE team could take into developing their first carbon fiber monocoque chassis. The project is based on an interview with a successful team that has build carbon monocoques for the last several years. The project covers the steps into designing a carbon monocoque, including aspects that need to be highlighted in the design process as well as an outline of the overall rules and regulations regarding carbon fiber monocoques. The project also encompasses simple finite element analysis procedure that would introduce teams into carbon fiber composite sandwich analysis and its applications in racecar monocoques. The project also includes steps in manufacturing a carbon fiber monocoque beginning from methods to acquire necessary materials to the final process of de-molding the monocoque. The method has been used before from several FSAE teams, proving its viability. The goal is that through this report, teams could have an idea of where to start in developing their carbon monocoques and have a clear path to take on going from initial designs up until a final finished product.

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Created

Date Created
  • 2018-05

Mathematical Modeling of Air Bladders for use as an Orthotic

Description

Due to the Human foot constantly growing at a rapid pace, typical gel and mold orthotics quickly become ineffective as they no longer fit the foot properly. In pediatric patients,

Due to the Human foot constantly growing at a rapid pace, typical gel and mold orthotics quickly become ineffective as they no longer fit the foot properly. In pediatric patients, this situation is even more pronounced as their feet change geometry at an even more rapid rate. This project consists of designing an adjustable sizing Pediatric Orthotic for use in children as well as adult patient’s shoes to provide better foot support than not using one at all, or for that matter an inappropriately sized orthotic. This idea incorporates multiple air bladders that can hold pressure and adjust shape as is necessary to best accommodate the patient’s foot geometry to reduce the deformation and average stress presented within the foot. Results will be obtained by running simulation models of these phenomena in MATLAB as well as Ansys softwares. From the results, by incorporating two bladders into the middle arch of a ‘control’ patient who has a perfectly symmetric arch, maximum deformation of the foot was reduced by approximately 17%. Under this same scenario, average stress in the foot dropped by approximately 13%. In a more abnormal ‘experimental’ case, of a largely asymmetric arch, it was found that max deformation and average stress in the foot dropped by 21% and 17% respectively. This leads to the conclusion that incorporating this design will indeed lower the stress and fulfill the requirement of an orthotic while also being a removable and adjustable air bladder to fulfill the adjustability constraint.

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Agent

Created

Date Created
  • 2020-12

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The Effect of Spoilers on Vehicle Aerodynamics and Performance

Description

An understanding of aerodynamics is crucial for automobile performance and efficiency. There are many types of “add-on” aerodynamic devices for cars including wings, splitters, and vortex generators. While these have

An understanding of aerodynamics is crucial for automobile performance and efficiency. There are many types of “add-on” aerodynamic devices for cars including wings, splitters, and vortex generators. While these have been studied extensively, rear spoilers have not, and their effects are not as widely known. A Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) and wind tunnel study was performed to study the effects of spoilers on vehicle aerodynamics and performance. Vehicle aerodynamics is geometry dependent, meaning what applies to one car may or may not apply on another. So, the Scion FRS was chosen as the test vehicle because it is has the “classic” sports car configuration with a long hood, short rear, and 2+2 passenger cabin while also being widely sold with a plethora of aftermarket aerodynamic modifications available. Due to computing and licensing restrictions, only a 2D CFD simulation was performed in ANSYS Fluent 19.1. A surface model of the centerline of the car was created in SolidWorks and imported into ANSYS, where the domain was created. A mesh convergence study was run to determine the optimum mesh size, and Realizable k-epsilon was the chosen physics model. The wind tunnel lacked equipment to record quantifiable data, so the wind tunnel was utilized for flow visualization on a 1/24 scale car model to compare with the CFD.

0° spoilers reduced the wake area behind the car, decreasing pressure drag but also decreasing underbody flow, causing a reduction in drag and downforce. Angled spoilers increased the wake area behind the car, increasing pressure drag but also increasing underbody flow, causing an increase in drag and downforce. Longer spoilers increased these effects compared to shorter spoilers, and short spoilers at different angles did not create significantly different effects. 0° spoilers would be best suited for cases that prioritize fuel economy or straight-line acceleration and speed due to the drag reduction, while angled spoilers would be best suited for cars requiring downforce. The angle and length of spoiler would depend on the downforce needed, which is dependent on the track.

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Created

Date Created
  • 2019-12

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Numerical simulation of environmental flow over urban landscape for applications to renewable energy

Description

Development of renewable energy solutions has become a major interest among environmental organizations and governments around the world due to an increase in energy consumption and global warming. One fast

Development of renewable energy solutions has become a major interest among environmental organizations and governments around the world due to an increase in energy consumption and global warming. One fast growing renewable energy solution is the application of wind energy in cities. To qualitative and quantitative predict wind turbine performance in urban areas, CFD simulation is performed on real-life urban geometry and wind velocity profiles are evaluated. Two geometries in Arizona is selected in this thesis to demonstrate the influence of building heights; one of the simulation models, ASU campus, is relatively low rise and without significant tall buildings; the other model, the downtown phoenix model, are high-rise and with greater building height difference. The content of this thesis focuses on using RANS computational fluid dynamics approach to simulate wind acceleration phenomenon in two complex geometries, ASU campus and Phoenix downtown model. Additionally, acceleration ratio and locations are predicted, the results are then used to calculate the best location for small wind turbine installments.

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Agent

Created

Date Created
  • 2015

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Evaluation of Properties of Triply Periodic Minimal Surface Structures Using ANSYS

Description

The advancements in additive manufacturing have made it possible to bring life to designs

that would otherwise exist only on paper. An excellent example of such designs

are the Triply Periodic Minimal

The advancements in additive manufacturing have made it possible to bring life to designs

that would otherwise exist only on paper. An excellent example of such designs

are the Triply Periodic Minimal Surface (TPMS) structures like Schwarz D, Schwarz

P, Gyroid, etc. These structures are self-sustaining, i.e. they require minimal supports

or no supports at all when 3D printed. These structures exist in stable form in

nature, like butterfly wings are made of Gyroids. Automotive and aerospace industry

have a growing demand for strong and light structures, which can be solved using

TPMS models. In this research we will try and understand some of the properties of

these Triply Periodic Minimal Surface (TPMS) structures and see how they perform

in comparison to the conventional models. The research was concentrated on the

mechanical, thermal and fluid flow properties of the Schwarz D, Gyroid and Spherical

Gyroid Triply Periodic Minimal Surface (TPMS) models in particular, other Triply

Periodic Minimal Surface (TPMS) models were not considered. A detailed finite

element analysis was performed on the mechanical and thermal properties using ANSYS

19.2 and the flow properties were analyzed using ANSYS Fluent under different

conditions.

Contributors

Agent

Created

Date Created
  • 2019