Matching Items (98)

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Comparative Analysis of Interprofessional Clinic Models: Recommendations for Best Practice Implementation

Description

As the complexity of healthcare continues to rise, the need for change in healthcare delivery is more prominent than ever. One strategy identified by the World Health Organization (WHO) for

As the complexity of healthcare continues to rise, the need for change in healthcare delivery is more prominent than ever. One strategy identified by the World Health Organization (WHO) for responding to these increasing complexities is the use of interprofessional practice and education to improve patient outcomes, reduce costs, and enhance the patient experience of care (Triple Aim). Interprofessional collaboration among diverse disciplines is evident on the Phoenix Biomedical Campus, integrating a wide variety of institutions and multiple health profession programs; and at the Student Health Outreach for Wellness (SHOW) free clinic, -- a successful tri-university, student-led, faculty mentored, and community-based model of interprofessional learning and care -- based in downtown Phoenix. This project conducted a comparative analysis of interprofessional components of 6 different clinical models in order to provide recommendations for best practice implementation. These models were chosen based on availability of research on interprofessionalism with their clinics. As a result, three recommendations were offered to the SHOW clinic for consideration in their efforts to improve both patient and educational outcomes. Each recommendation was intentionally formulated for its capacity to increase: interprofessionalism and collaboration between multiple disciplines pertaining to healthcare, among healthcare professionals to promote positive patient and educational outcomes. These recommendations include implementing an interprofessional education (IPE) course as a core component in an academic program's curriculum, offering faculty and professional development opportunities for faculty and mentors immersed in the interprofessional clinics, and utilization of simulation centers. Further studies will be needed to evaluate the impact these specific interventions, if adopted, on patient and educational outcomes.

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  • 2017-05

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Contributing Factors to the Patient Burden of Work

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Patients face tremendous challenges when attempting to navigate the United States health care system. This difficulty to navigate the system creates a burden that is placed on the patient and

Patients face tremendous challenges when attempting to navigate the United States health care system. This difficulty to navigate the system creates a burden that is placed on the patient and caregiver, in turn affecting the health outcomes of the patient, resulting in higher health care costs, less than desirable outcomes, and a large strain on the patient and caregiver's daily lives. There are several ways that people have tried to create a comprehensive theoretical framework to understand the system from multiple perspectives. This work will expand existing theoretical frameworks that observes the relationship between the patient, their social networks, and health care services such as the Burden of Treatment Theory. Consisting of a comprehensive, multidisciplinary literature review, research was derived from the disciplines of medicine, informatics, management, and ethics. In this paper, I attempt to identify key contributing factors and then develop and categorize these stressors into a typology. Since there are many contributing factors that affect the burden of work at multiple levels, a nested typology will be used which will link micro- and macro-leveled pressures to a single system while also showcasing how each level interacts and is influenced by the others. For the categorization of the contributing factors, they will be sorted into individual actors, organizational level, and macro-level factors. The implications of this work suggest that a combination of historical shifts, structural design, and secondary effects of policy contribute to patients' burden of work.

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  • 2017-05

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Healthcare Disparities among Minorities and Women in the Phoenix Area

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This research will focus on identifying healthcare disparities among different groups of people in Maricopa County, with a focus on the Phoenix area. It takes form in a combination of

This research will focus on identifying healthcare disparities among different groups of people in Maricopa County, with a focus on the Phoenix area. It takes form in a combination of a review of previously existing data, surveying pregnant women about their health insurance situations before their pregnancies, and surveying college students in Maricopa County about their past and current health insurance situations. The pregnant women who were interview were part of a study called Metabolism Tracking During Pregnancy through the School of Nutrition and Health Promotion at Arizona State University. College students who were interviewed were recruited online and all participants were choosing to respond. This research paper will focus on policies currently in place to try to address healthcare disparities and establishing the presence of healthcare disparities that are preexisting, and using individual responses from a small sample size of minorities and women to represent the larger Phoenix population. Differences in healthcare spending for different groups of people will also be analyzed in order to establish disparities present. This research is significant because if healthcare equality is the goal, then spending distribution to each should be proportional to the size of each subpopulation.

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  • 2018-05

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An Analysis of Issues and Strategies for Healthcare Value Analysis Teams

Description

The purpose of this research was to identify various problems within value analysis teams as well as provide solutions that will help to better align the agents involved in the

The purpose of this research was to identify various problems within value analysis teams as well as provide solutions that will help to better align the agents involved in the value analysis process. As healthcare costs continue to rise, and hospital reimbursements fall, value analysis teams will play an even more pivotal role in the success of healthcare organizations. Also, the industry trend toward value-based care is highlighting the importance of these teams. However, interdisciplinary value analysis teams bring to light the underlying agency issue that exists between physicians and hospital administrators, and the general misalignment of values between the participants. In order for these teams to function properly, it is inherent that all of the professionals involved align their incentives. For this study, I studied relevant literature pertaining to value analysis, attended relevant speakers, and then performed interviews with several different professionals involved in healthcare value analysis. I organized and coded this data using the Grounded Theory approach, and was able to identify the underlying issues within these teams. I then created a typology of value analysis teams, based on my respondents, where I segment them into four tiers based on their utilization of data, and their level of physician involvement. Finally, I identified three distinct strategies for developing value analysis teams to implement in order to increase their efficiency and overall success.

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  • 2017-05

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Personalized Medicine and the Concept of Empowerment

Description

With advances in biotechnology, personalized medicine has become an ever-expanding field. Even with so much growth, the critics equally match the proponents of personalized medicine. The source of their disagreement

With advances in biotechnology, personalized medicine has become an ever-expanding field. Even with so much growth, the critics equally match the proponents of personalized medicine. The source of their disagreement is rooted in the concept of empowerment. This analysis utilizes the personal genomics company 23andMe and their relationship with the Federal Food and Drug Administration to illustrate varying views of empowerment. Specifically, the case study focuses on the ability to provide direct-to-consumer health reports to patients independent of physicians. In doing this, larger issues of what is at stake in personalized medicine are uncovered. These include but are not limited to: who determines what individuals get empowered and what information is determined good versus bad.

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  • 2015-05

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Exercise: for Self and State

Description

Exercise is a great boon to both the health of individuals and the national as a whole. Exercise provides a wide range of significant and well established benefits to both

Exercise is a great boon to both the health of individuals and the national as a whole. Exercise provides a wide range of significant and well established benefits to both physical and psychological health, with many benefits that are still being discovered. The effects of exercise on health are somewhat unique, as exercise is one of a limited number of ways to improve health that is not harm a reduction strategy, but instead increases health through direct benefit, rather than increasing health by decreasing damage and harm. Support is also given to the proposal that individuals are in best position to determine the intensity of exercise and to choose primary activities to participate in, in order to provide near maximum physical and psychological benefit, with the understanding that frequency of exercise is of the upmost importance for benefit. The accessibility of exercise and the tremendous health benefit of exercise, makes exercise a huge asset in reducing the exorbitant health care spending and improving mediocre health outcomes in this country; a reasonable goal as numerous countries have better health the United States, even though the United States spends the more than any other country on health.

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  • 2015-05

The Utilization and an Evaluation of Health Services Provided by the Flying Samaritans at the Laguna de San Ignacio Clinic in Baja California Sur, Mexico

Description

The Flying Samaritans is a group of volunteers who provide health care on a monthly basis at the Laguna de San Ignacio Clinic in Baja California Sur, Mexico. The purpose

The Flying Samaritans is a group of volunteers who provide health care on a monthly basis at the Laguna de San Ignacio Clinic in Baja California Sur, Mexico. The purpose of this study was to gather demographic information about the patients at the clinic as well as to determine why the patients need to use a free clinic, how they use other health care facilities that are available to them, how well they take care of themselves in terms of exercise, nutrition, and care of chronic disease, and how the Flying Samaritans can improve their care for this population. This information was gathered using an extensive patient survey as well as through interviews with both patients and health care providers at this clinic. Based on the data gathered, it was determined that some health problems present in the population could be prevented with education about daily health and dental care. The Flying Samaritans could implement some forms of patient education in order to minimize chronic health problems and to continue to improve the overall health of this population. The data also demonstrated that the patients rely heavily on the Flying Samaritans services, as the town in very isolated and does not offer any other medical or dental facilities. The Flying Samaritans are essential to the well-being of this town and provide services that the patients may not otherwise receive.

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  • 2016-12

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The Rest Egg Smartphone Connection: Accessibility, Utility, and Ease of Use via Mobile Application Support

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This document introduces the need for the Rest Egg system and defines an accessible method of smartphone integration. Excessive noise can prevent recovering patients and special needs persons from resting

This document introduces the need for the Rest Egg system and defines an accessible method of smartphone integration. Excessive noise can prevent recovering patients and special needs persons from resting correctly. The Rest Egg was designed for these people- people who are in critical need of quality rest but are often unable to eliminate stressors themselves. This system ensures their environment is calm by alerting caretakers' smartphones if noise reaches abrasive levels. Smartphones were the preferred device due to the wide spread of such devices in today's market. After making open sourcing a goal, something ubiquitous and affordable \u2014 yet usable and dependable \u2014 was necessary for the alert system. These requirements lead to the election an online alert service: Pushover, a trademark and product of Superblock, LLC.

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  • 2016-05

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Sex Trafficking Victim Identification in the Medical Setting

Description

The National Center for Missing & Exploited Children (2014) estimated that one in six runaways were likely to be victims of sex trafficking. Nearly 88% of trafficking survivors reported having

The National Center for Missing & Exploited Children (2014) estimated that one in six runaways were likely to be victims of sex trafficking. Nearly 88% of trafficking survivors reported having some kind of contact with the health care system while they were trafficked (Lederer & Wetzel, 2014). In this study, the Office of Sex Trafficking Intervention Research at Arizona State University is attempting to determine the knowledge medical students and healthcare professionals have on identification of a sex trafficking victim and methods of reporting these situations within their organizations. To explore the knowledge providers and students have on sex trafficking victim identification as well as reporting protocols, our office sent out an online, anonymous survey to current medical students and healthcare professionals in the United States. The survey results will assist in the development of a training curriculum addressing the identification of sex trafficking victims within a medical setting and how to report within organizations. The anticipated outcome of this study was that medical students and healthcare professionals have not had training or continuing education on identifying a potential sex trafficking victim.

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  • 2016-05

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Improving Healthcare in the Phoenix Homeless Population Through Triple Aim-Focused Interprofessional Practice

Description

Introduction. Evidence shows that the United States' healthcare system is inefficient and lacks the quality and cost-effectiveness of other systems. The Institute for Healthcare Improvement outlined the Triple Aim to

Introduction. Evidence shows that the United States' healthcare system is inefficient and lacks the quality and cost-effectiveness of other systems. The Institute for Healthcare Improvement outlined the Triple Aim to improve the healthcare system through 1) improvement of population health for a defined population, 2) enhance the patient care experience, and 3) reduce per capita cost of care. The World Health Organization has identified interprofessional practice (IPP) and interprofessional education (IPE) as a possible approach to achieve the Triple Aim. The Student Health Outreach for Wellness (SHOW) initiative is an interprofessional free clinic and outreach initiative for individuals experiencing homelessness. The goal of the current study was to evaluate whether interprofessional care delivery through SHOW moved SHOW's practice towards the Triple Aim for SHOW's defined population. Methods and Results. Data assessing adherence to Triple Aim goals of population health and costs of care were collected from voluntary post-visit patient satisfaction surveys, while data assessing patient experience were collected from shift rosters of SHOW versus a similar non-interprofessional clinic. SHOW, on average, provided access to more disciplines than a similar non-interprofessional clinic. Access to care cost savings was assessed by surveying patients on where they would have sought care elsewhere SHOW had not been available ; of the 53 patients surveyed, 14 indicated they would have gone to the emergency department (ED); in all, SHOW diverted a little over $30,000 in patient ED visits. Improved health outcomes were measured by each patient's self-perception of his/her health. 91% of patients agreed or strongly agreed that their health had been improved by coming to the clinic. Conclusion. Preliminary data suggest that SHOW's IPP care delivery results in high patient satisfaction rates and positive self-perception of health outcomes, thus may improve the patient experience and minimize costs of care by deterring ED visits within the population. Further studies are needed to determine how specific aspects of interprofessional care can further move towards Triple Aim objectives.

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  • 2016-05