During the last 40 years evidence from systematic case study analysis and behavioral experiments have provided a comprehensive perspective on how communities can manage common resources in a sustainable way. The conventional theory based on selfish rational actors cannot explain empirical observations. A more comprehensive theoretical framework of human behavior is emerging that include concepts such as trust, conditional cooperation, other-regarding preferences, social norms, and reputation. The new behavioral perspective also demonstrates that behavioral responses depend on social and biophysical context.
Janssen, Marco A. (2015). A behavioral perspective on the governance of common resources. CURRENT OPINION IN ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY, 12, 1-5. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cosust.2014.08.002
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