Bicycles and motorcycles offer maneuverability, energy efficiency and acceleration that four wheeled vehicles cannot offer given similar budget for. Two wheeled vehicles have drastically different dynamics from four wheeled vehicles due to their instability and gyroscopic effect from their wheels.
This thesis focuses on self-stabilization of a motorcycle using an active control momentum gyroscope (CMG) and validation of this multi-degree-of-freedom system’s mathematical model. Physical platform was created to mimic the simulation as accurately as possible and all components used were justified. This process involves derivation of a 3 Degree-of-Freedom (DOF) system’s forward kinematics and its Jacobian matrix, simulation analysis of different controller algorithms, setting the system and subsystem specifications, and real system experimentation and data analysis.
A Jacobian matrix was used to calculate accurately decomposed resultant angular velocities which are used to create the dynamics model of the system torque using the Euler-Lagrange method. This produces a nonlinear second order differential equation that is modeled using MATLAB/Simulink. PID, and cascaded feedback loop are tested in this Simulink model. Cascaded feedback loop shows most promises in the simulation analysis. Therefore, system specifications are calculated according to the data produced by this controller method. The model validation is executed using the Vicon motion capture system which captured the roll angle of the motorcycle. This work contributes to creating a set of procedures for creating a validated dynamic model for a CMG stabilized motorcycle which can be used to create variants of other self-stabilizing motorcycle system.
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