The present study explored longitudinal associations between self-esteem and a specific dimension of gender identity (GI) and ethnic-racial identity (ERI), namely felt pressure from family and peers to act or behave in either gender or race/ethnic-accordant ways, among a sample of 750 African American and Latino/a middle school students (M = 12.10 years, SD = .97 years) in a southwestern U.S. city. Participants completed measures of self-esteem and GI and ERI felt pressure from family and from peers at two time points.
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- Counseling psychology
- Developmental Psychology
- Early Adolescence
- ethnic-racial identity
- Gender Identity
- Racial/ethnic minority
- Peer pressure
- African American youth--Psychology.
- African American youth
- Mexican American youth--Psychology.
- Mexican American youth
- Hispanic American youth--Psychology.
- Hispanic American youth
- Families--Psychological aspects.
- Partial requirement for: M.C., Arizona State University, 2017Note typethesis
- Includes bibliographical references (pages 31-36)Note typebibliography
- Field of study: Counseling psychology