This report outlines the current methods and instrumentation used for diabetes monitoring and detection, and evaluates the problems that these methods face. Additionally, it will present an approach to remedy these problems. The purpose of this project is to create a potentiostat that is capable of controlling a diabetes meter that monitors multiple biological markers simultaneously. Glucose is the most commonly measured biomarker for diabetes. However, it provides only a limited amount of information. In order to give the user of the meter more information about the progression of his or her disease, the concentrations of several different biological markers for diabetes may be measured using a system that operates in a similar fashion to blood glucose meters. The potentiostat provides an input voltage into the electrode sensor and receives the current from the sensor as the output. From this information, the impedance may be calculated. The concentrations of each of the biomarkers in the blood sample can then be determined. In an effort to increase sensitivity, the diabetes meter forgoes the use of amperometric i-t in favor of the electrochemical impedance spectroscopy technique. A three-electrode electrochemical sensor is used with the meter. In order to perform simultaneous and rapid testing of biomarker concentration, a single multisine input wave is generated using a hardware implementation of a summing amplifier and waveform generators.
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