Understanding glycosaminoglycans’ (GAG) interaction with proteins is of growing interest for therapeutic applications. For instance, heparin is a GAG exploited for its ability to inhibit proteases, therefore inducing anticoagulation. For this reason, heparin is extracted in mass quantities from porcine intestine in the pharmaceutical field. Following a contamination in 2008, alternative sources for heparin are desired. In response, much research has been invested in the extraction of the naturally occurring polysaccharide, heparosan, from Escherichia coli K5 strain.
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