Cells become cancerous due to changes in their genetic makeup. In cancers, an altered amino acid due to a tumor mutation can result in proteins that are identified as "foreign" by the immune system. An MHC molecule will bind to these "foreign" peptide fragments, also called neoantigens. There are 2 classes of MHC molecules. While the MHC I complex is found in all cells with a nucleus, MHC II complexes are mostly found in antigen presenting cells (APCs), such as macrophages, B cells, and dendritic cells. The MHC molecule then presents the neoantigen on the cell's surface.
Download count: 0