This work studies the influence on music and sound on visual media. It takes two visual media clips and sets them with several musical and compositions. Each piece of music is different in genre and tone, thus changing the audiences perception of the media. It also studies how different genres appeal to different demographics and how this can be used to appeal to them.
Frank Zappa considered “The Adventures of Greggery Peccary” hismasterpiece. It contains every aspect of his melodic, harmonic, and rhythmic language. These techniques include: folk-influenced songs, quartal melodies, asymmetric meters, speech-influenced rhythms, octave-displaced chromaticism, “conceptual continuity,” and creative studio techniques. He considers these aspects and weighs them against each other to maintain a sense of balance on both a micro- and macroscopic scale.
The first chapter of this dissertation explores the events that led up to the creation of the composition. A chronology of historical events precedes a synopsis of the piece’s narrative. The second chapter examines a rehearsal tape from March of 1972, which was released posthumously, that contains the song that will eventually become the fourth movement of the piece: “The New Brown Clouds.” That song, as well as others on the recording, contains several examples of Zappa’s musical vocabulary. These excerpts are also included in the two albums that were released and are also heard in Zappa’s magnum opus.
The third and fourth chapters examine the first version of “The Adventures of Greggery Peccary.” The third chapter focuses on musical analysis and identifying key components of Zappa’s compositional style. The fourth chapter talks about he Grand Wazoo’s tour, the Petit Wazoo tour a month later, and the subsequent tour in 1973. Zappa wrote new music for these tours, and those pieces became part of the large revision that is discussed in chapter 5.
The sixth chapter examines the recording process, locations, and the innovative techniques Zappa uses in the studio. Every time he released a recording of the composition, there was always a notable revision— including shortly before his death in 1993. Finally, the Ensemble Modern’s posthumous recording of “The Adventures of Greggery Peccary” is also scrutinized.
In a Mirror Dimly… is an autobiographical work that follows my mental development from my teen years into my mid-20s and offers a way forward into the future. First comes legalism: a canon, which represents a rule-based thought process. Next is freedom and individuality: indeterminate methods and textures. Finally, the piece concludes with unity and wholeness, using quoted and composed hymns in chorale settings. The conceptual content is taken from Hermann Hesse’s Siddhartha, a story of a Hindu man’s life through the development of his own ideology into Buddhism. He begins by following the rules of his faith obsessively, then he decides that the rules themselves don’t matter as much as the spirit behind them, and finally he begins to see the interconnectedness of nature through the flow of a river and gains a fuller picture of all that is. I have also included an anxiety motif which begins as an interruption or nuisance; it then takes over in the form of a panic attack but is quelled by a hymn: “Be Still My Soul,” with text written by Katharina von Schlegel set to the tune of Sibelius’ Finlandia. Finally, the anxiety is contained and molded to help the overall texture rather than disrupting it. The anxiety is never truly eradicated, but it is transformed.
This research paper investigates the relationship between orchestration and harmony in Prokofiev’s orchestral works through selected case studies drawn from his symphonies and several of his symphonic suites. The research focuses on moments where the combination of orchestration and harmony stand out from the orchestral texture. Prokofiev uses these two elements of music to create both a large range of orchestral colors as well as to highlight structurally important moments in thematic development. Through the selected music examples, I highlight how the two elements are mutually dependent, even synergistic. I also argue that Prokofiev uses the two elements in a highly inventive manner to create unique timbral/harmonic effects. Drawing on recent theories related to timbre and perception, the chosen segments of music are analyzed in detail within the context of the works’ form and narrative. The study of these combinations suggests further research and interpretative possibilities for composers, music theorists, and performers.
Eurocentrism in early 20th-century music history in Latin America demonstrates political and racial preferences that placed foreign art music over local music making practices. After the Mexican Revolution (roughly 1910–20), Mexican political and cultural leaders pushed for a “universal” aesthetic in their nation’s art music, implicitly devaluing musical references to Indigenous cultures. This contradicts the era’s indigenist cultural revolution popularized as an “Aztec Renaissance” that celebrated Mexico’s renewed notion of mestizaje (European-Indigenous racial mixture) in music and art. The Mexican elite turned to foreign intellectuals such as Adolfo Salazar (1890–1958), the Spanish-born composer and music critic who came to Mexico as an exile in 1939, to link Mexico’s postcolonial culture with the intellectual inheritance of Europe.This thesis offers discursive analysis of Salazar’s writings in the context of his Mexican years, revealing subtexts of Spanish racial and cultural superiority that indirectly served the elitist agendas of Mexican diplomats and musical tastemakers such as Carlos Chávez (1899–1978). Salazar’s hegemonic legacy in Spanish-language musicology has often been left unquestioned and therefore I assess his influence alongside the development of a music-historical paradigm that defined 20th-century Mexican art music as an international phenomenon. I argue that Salazar’s Spanish-oriented music history established dominance over musicmaking practices in Mexico through demeaning allusions to mestizaje and social hierarchies within musical nationalism. By considering Salazar’s role in Mexican musical nationalism, my thesis reveals how Eurocentric music history writing coincided with colonialist Mexican politics, legitimizing foreign intellectualism over local cultural processes.
The Serenade (after Plato’s “Symposium”) was composed by American composer, Leonard Bernstein (1918-1990) in 1954. The instrumentation of this piece is for solo violin, string orchestra, harp, and percussion, and the only existing piano reduction was arranged by the composer himself. Musical expression markings are exceptionally crucial in Bernstein’s music because these markings can indicate the complexity of the rhythmic patterns, grouping of notes, and musical textures more directly to the performers. This piano reduction has many unplayable and awkward passages due to the technical challenges and oversized chords. Additionally, it is missing some of the musical expression markings such as breath marks and slurs from the full score. It also does not have any instrumentation markings which leads to the fact, the piano, at times, may have difficulties imitating the orchestra.My aim for the newer piano reduction is to make it sound more acoustically similar to an orchestra by adding missing musical components and also modifying the technically challenging passages to be more comfortable to play. My paper demonstrates the process in creating the new piano reduction while explaining the modifications and selections of the voices. Many approaches I used in this project are also applicable to other orchestra reductions. This Serenade is a wonderful piece for both violinists and pianists, I hope my revised piano reduction could benefit more performers in the future. A complete piano reduction will be in the appendix.
For about a decade, I have thought of composing as a form of sonic gardening. The processes are very similar in that I cultivate ecosystems of interrelated parts, whether in sound or in the soil. My interests in creating sonic ecosystems and in learning more about environmental issues motivated me to research soil health and the rhizosphere, the microbiome around a plant's root system. For my dissertation project I have composed a piece titled The Rhizosphere inspired by the processes and behaviors found in the rhizosphere for percussion sextet of about 8 minutes in duration. This piece was commissioned by the Arizona Contemporary Music Ensemble, with a performance date of April 21, 2022. In this document, I discuss issues relating to soil and sustainability, provide a survey of relevant sound art, and describe processes and features of the rhizosphere. I share how I mapped different aspects of the rhizosphere to various sonic parameters and processes in my composition. I then consider The Rhizosphere as it relates to other pieces in my portfolio, specifically works inspired by nature or environmental issues. During my doctoral studies I have been inspired by and sought to depict plants (Dandelion) and desert (Desertification and Desert Rain God), among others.
This paper is an in-depth analysis of the symphonic piece titled Subconsciousness for symphony orchestra that was composed during the summer of 2021. This document will explain the conceptual ideas and compositional processes involved in its creation. This document was written as a resource for musicians, music theorist, composers, and public interested in the creative process used to compose the piece. Much of this work was inspired by the writings of Carl Gustav Jung that explore dreams and how the unconscious mind plays an important role in developing these dreams. In addition, this paper shows how Jung’s ideas are manifested in the music, providing arguments that demonstrate how both psychology and music are correlated in the development of the piece.
During my career as an oboist I have only had the opportunity to play four piecesfor oboe by Peruvian composers. It was not until I started my doctoral degree that I found out how difficult it is for people, not only to find copies of these pieces, but also to find the pieces themselves. Due to this obstacle, it is time for a bibliography of Peruvian oboe music to exist. This document annotates a list of oboe (and English horn) music by Peruvian composers detailing 130 works, for solo oboe, as well as chamber works up to 8 players, by thirty composers. Each entry includes a brief biography of the composer, original title of the piece, composition date, instrumentation, publishers, commissions, dedications, and duration of the piece in minutes and seconds. Some entries also include miscellaneous notes on the piece. Incipits of each movement are included as well as the movement title and tempo markings. Works by composers born and educated in Peru who emigrated to other countries, or changed nationalities is included. This bibliography includes all the music found up to October, 2021.