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Does school participatory budgeting (SPB) increase students’ political efficacy? SPB, which is implemented in thousands of schools around the world, is a democratic process of deliberation and decision-making in which students determine how to spend a portion of the school’s budget. We examined the impact of SPB on political efficacy in one middle school in Arizona. Our participants’ (n = 28) responses on survey items designed to measure self-perceived growth in political efficacy indicated a large effect size (Cohen’s d = 1.46), suggesting that SPB is an effective approach to civic pedagogy, with promising prospects for developing students’ political efficacy.
This book review considers three books on Conceptual Art that appeared in this year, by Anne Rorimer, Michael Newman and Jon Bird, and Rosalind Krauss. In 2011 this review was distinguished as one of the most consulted in the history of caa.reviews; see Patricia Kelly, “2002,” at: http://www.caareviews.org/centennial/2002