Matching Items (42)

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Atrophy Mitigation of Long-Term Exposure to Zero-Gravity with a Soft Robotic Exosuit

Description

Interplanetary space travel has seen a surge of interest in not only media but also within the academic field as well. No longer are we designing and investigating extravehicular activity

Interplanetary space travel has seen a surge of interest in not only media but also within the academic field as well. No longer are we designing and investigating extravehicular activity (EVA) suits, scholars and researchers are also engineering the future suit to protect humans on the surfaces of Martian planets. As we are progressing with technology capable of taking us even further distances than before imaginable, this thesis aims to produce an exosuit that will find a place between the planets and stars, by providing countermeasures to muscle and bone atrophy. This is achieved through the rapidly growing field of soft robotics and the technology within it. An analytical model governing torque production of an array of soft pneumatic actuators was created to provide resistive forces on the human joints. Thus, we can recreate and simulate a majority of the loads that would be experienced on earth, in microgravity. Where push-ups on earth require on average 30Nm of torque about the elbow joint, by donning this exosuit, the same forces can be experienced when pushing off of surfaces while navigating within the space capsule. It is ergonomic, low-cost, and most importantly lightweight. While weight is negligible in micro-G, the payloads required for transporting current exercising equipment are costly and would take up valuable cargo space that would otherwise be allocated to research related items or sustenance. Factor in the scaling of current "special space agent" missions times 20-50, and the problem is further exacerbated. Therefore, the proposed design has warranted potential for the short term need of Mars missions, and additionally satisfy the long-term goal of taking humanity to infinite and beyond.

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Date Created
  • 2018-05

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An Introduction to Machine Vision in Multirotors

Description

In the last decade, a large variety of algorithms have been developed for use in object tracking, environment mapping, and object classification. It is often difficult for beginners to

In the last decade, a large variety of algorithms have been developed for use in object tracking, environment mapping, and object classification. It is often difficult for beginners to fully predict the constraints that multirotors place on machine vision algorithms. The purpose of this paper is to explain some of the types of algorithms that can be applied to these aerial systems, why the constraints for these algorithms exist, and what could be done to mitigate them. This paper provides a summary of the processes involved in a popular filter-based tracking algorithm called MOSSE (Minimum Output Sum of Squared Error) and a particular implementation of SLAM (Simultaneous Localization and Mapping) called LSD SLAM.

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Date Created
  • 2020-05

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Creating a 2D Python Simulation for a Quadruped Robot to Simulate Balancing in Changing Ground Conditions

Description

In this article we present a program that is supplemental to a low-cost force-sensing quadrupedal laminate robot platform previously developed by Ben Shuch. The robot has four legs with two

In this article we present a program that is supplemental to a low-cost force-sensing quadrupedal laminate robot platform previously developed by Ben Shuch. The robot has four legs with two degrees of freedom apiece. Each leg is a four-bar mechanism controlled by two servo motors. The program that has been developed allows the user to predict the force distribution of the robot based on its configuration and the angle of the ground it is standing on. Through the use of this program, future students working on research involving this robot will be able to calculate the force distribution of the robot based on its configuration and generate ideal configurations of the robot using data gathered from force sensors attached to its feet.

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Date Created
  • 2020-05

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The Design, Fabrication, and Testing of a New Design of Soft Robotic Module Using Knit FRTAs

Description

For the basis of this project, a particular interest is taken in soft robotic arms for the assistance of daily living tasks. A detailed overview and function of the soft

For the basis of this project, a particular interest is taken in soft robotic arms for the assistance of daily living tasks. A detailed overview and function of the soft robotic modules comprised within the soft robotic arm will be the main focus. In this thesis, design and fabrication methods of fabric reinforced textile actuators (FRTAs) have their design expanded. Original design changes to the actuators that improve their performance are detailed in this report. This report also includes an explanation of how the FRTA’s are made, explaining step by step how to make each sub-assembly and explain its function. Comparisons between the presented module and the function of the soft poly limb from previous works are also expanded. Various forms of testing, such as force testing, range of motion testing, and stiffness testing are conducted on the soft robotic module to provide insights into its performance and characteristics. Lastly, present plans for various forms of future work and integration of the soft robotic module into a full soft robotic arm assembly are discussed.

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Date Created
  • 2020-05

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Tail Stability

Description

This paper describes the attempt of designing and building a two wheeled platform that is inherently unstable and discovering what tail design is suitable for stabilizing the platform. The platform

This paper describes the attempt of designing and building a two wheeled platform that is inherently unstable and discovering what tail design is suitable for stabilizing the platform. The platform is a 3D printed box that carries an Arduino, breadboard, MPU6050, a battery and a servo. This box is connected to two continuous servo motors (one on each side) that are attached to wheels, the breadboard and Arduino are mounted on the inside and the MPU6050 is mounted on the back of the base. The MPU6050 collects the data. In the program, that data will be the position of the accelerometer’s x-axis and that data will be sent to the servo motor with the tail for the controls aspect.

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Date Created
  • 2020-05

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Design of a Cable Driven Drone for Perching

Description

The researchers build a drone with a grasping mechanism to wrap around branches to perch. The design process and methodology are discussed along with the software and hardware configuration. The

The researchers build a drone with a grasping mechanism to wrap around branches to perch. The design process and methodology are discussed along with the software and hardware configuration. The researchers explain the influences on the design and the possibilities for what it could inspire.

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Date Created
  • 2021-05

Design of a Cable Driven Drone for Perching

Description

The researchers build a drone with a grasping mechanism to wrap around branches to perch. The design process and methodology are discussed along with the software and hardware configuration. The

The researchers build a drone with a grasping mechanism to wrap around branches to perch. The design process and methodology are discussed along with the software and hardware configuration. The researchers explain the influences on the design and the possibilities for what it could inspire.

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Created

Date Created
  • 2021-05

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Machine Learning of Real and Pseudo Physics: Modeling Dynamical Systems

Description

The research presented in this Honors Thesis provides development in machine learning models which predict future states of a system with unknown dynamics, based on observations of the system. Two

The research presented in this Honors Thesis provides development in machine learning models which predict future states of a system with unknown dynamics, based on observations of the system. Two case studies are presented for (1) a non-conservative pendulum and (2) a differential game dictating a two-car uncontrolled intersection scenario. In the paper we investigate how learning architectures can be manipulated for problem specific geometry. The result of this research provides that these problem specific models are valuable for accurate learning and predicting the dynamics of physics systems.<br/><br/>In order to properly model the physics of a real pendulum, modifications were made to a prior architecture which was sufficient in modeling an ideal pendulum. The necessary modifications to the previous network [13] were problem specific and not transferrable to all other non-conservative physics scenarios. The modified architecture successfully models real pendulum dynamics. This case study provides a basis for future research in augmenting the symplectic gradient of a Hamiltonian energy function to provide a generalized, non-conservative physics model.<br/><br/>A problem specific architecture was also utilized to create an accurate model for the two-car intersection case. The Costate Network proved to be an improvement from the previously used Value Network [17]. Note that this comparison is applied lightly due to slight implementation differences. The development of the Costate Network provides a basis for using characteristics to decompose functions and create a simplified learning problem.<br/><br/>This paper is successful in creating new opportunities to develop physics models, in which the sample cases should be used as a guide for modeling other real and pseudo physics. Although the focused models in this paper are not generalizable, it is important to note that these cases provide direction for future research.

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Date Created
  • 2021-05

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Design of a Cable Driven Drone for Perching

Description

The majority of drones are extremely simple, their functions include flight and sometimes recording video and audio. While drone technology has continued to improve these functions, particularly flight, additional functions

The majority of drones are extremely simple, their functions include flight and sometimes recording video and audio. While drone technology has continued to improve these functions, particularly flight, additional functions have not been added to mainstream drones. Although these basic functions serve as a good framework for drone designs, it is now time to extend off from this framework. With this Honors Thesis project, we introduce a new function intended to eventually become common to drones. This feature is a grasping mechanism that is capable of perching on branches and carrying loads within the weight limit. This concept stems from the natural behavior of many kinds of insects. It paves the way for drones to further imitate the natural design of flying creatures. Additionally, it serves to advocate for dynamic drone frames, or morphing drone frames, to become more common practice in drone designs.

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Date Created
  • 2021-05

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A Supernumerary Wearable Soft Robotic Arm for Task Execution Assistance

Description

This thesis proposes the concept of soft robotic supernumerary limbs to assist the wearer in the execution of tasks, whether it be to share loads or replace an assistant. These

This thesis proposes the concept of soft robotic supernumerary limbs to assist the wearer in the execution of tasks, whether it be to share loads or replace an assistant. These controllable extra arms are made using soft robotics to reduce the weight and cost of the device, and are not limited in size and location to the user's arm as with exoskeletal devices. Soft robotics differ from traditional robotics in that they are made using soft materials such as silicone elastomers rather than hard materials such as metals or plastics. This thesis presents the design, fabrication, and testing of the arm, including the joints and the actuators to move them, as well as the design and fabrication of the human-body interface to unite man and machine. This prototype utilizes two types of pneumatically-driven actuators, pneumatic artificial muscles and fiber-reinforced actuators, to actuate the elbow and shoulder joints, respectively. The robotic limb is mounted at the waist on a backpack frame to avoid interfering with the wearer's biological arm. Through testing and evaluation, this prototype device proves the feasibility of soft supernumerary limbs, and opens up opportunities for further development into the field.

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Date Created
  • 2016-05