Matching Items (2)

Environmental Research Letters Connecting People and Place: A New Framework for Reducing Urban Vulnerability to Extreme Heat

Description

Climate change is predicted to increase the intensity and negative impacts of urban heat events, prompting the need to develop preparedness and adaptation strategies that reduce societal vulnerability to extreme

Climate change is predicted to increase the intensity and negative impacts of urban heat events, prompting the need to develop preparedness and adaptation strategies that reduce societal vulnerability to extreme heat. Analysis of societal vulnerability to extreme heat events requires an interdisciplinary approach that includes information about weather and climate, the natural and built environment, social processes and characteristics, interactions with stakeholders, and an assessment of community vulnerability at a local level. In this letter, we explore the relationships between people and places, in the context of urban heat stress, and present a new research framework for a multi-faceted, top-down and bottom-up analysis of local-level vulnerability to extreme heat. This framework aims to better represent societal vulnerability through the integration of quantitative and qualitative data that go beyond aggregate demographic information. We discuss how different elements of the framework help to focus attention and resources on more targeted health interventions, heat hazard mitigation and climate adaptation strategies.

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  • 2010-03-26

Designing a Geospatial Information Infrastructure for Mitigation of Heat Wave Hazards in Urban Areas

Description

Extreme heat is a natural hazard that could rapidly increase in magnitude in the 21st century. The combination of increasingurbanization, growing numbers of vulnerable people, and the evidence of global

Extreme heat is a natural hazard that could rapidly increase in magnitude in the 21st century. The combination of increasingurbanization, growing numbers of vulnerable people, and the evidence of global warming indicate an urgent need for improved heat-wavemitigation and response systems. A review of the literature on heat-wave impacts in urban environments and on human health revealsopportunities for improved synthesis, integration, and sharing of information resources that relate to the spatial and temporal nature ofthreats posed by extreme heat. This paper illustrates how geospatial technologies can aid in the mitigation of urban heat waves.

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  • 2004-07-15