Matching Items (3)

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Numerical Simulation of Entrainment and Recirculating flow at the Base of a Truncated Aerospike Nozzle with Supplementary Base Flow

Description

The aerospike nozzle belongs to the class of altitude compensating nozzles making it a strong candidate for Space Shuttle Main Engines. Owing to their higher efficiency compared to conventional bell

The aerospike nozzle belongs to the class of altitude compensating nozzles making it a strong candidate for Space Shuttle Main Engines. Owing to their higher efficiency compared to conventional bell nozzles, the aerospike nozzles are being studied extensively and are being used for many Single State to Orbit (SSTO) designs. A rocket engine nozzle with altitude compensation, such as the aerospike, consumes less fuel than a rocket engine with a bell nozzle. Aerospike nozzles are huge and are often difficult to construct and have to be truncated in order to make them feasible for application in a rocket propulsion system. Consequently, truncation of the aerospike leads to pressure loss under the base, which in-turn decreases the overall thrust produced by the rocket nozzle. To overcome this loss, a technique called base bleed is implemented in which a secondary jet is made to flow through the base of the truncated portion. This thesis uses dynamic pressure contour plots to find out the ideal base bleed mass flow rate to avoid base recirculation in 10 %, 20 % and 30 % truncated aerospike nozzles.

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Date Created
  • 2017

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Detailed Design of a Pulsed Plasma Thrust Stand

Description

This thesis gives a detailed design process for a pulsed type thruster. The thrust stand designed in this paper is for a Pulsed Plasma Thruster built by Sun Devil Satellite

This thesis gives a detailed design process for a pulsed type thruster. The thrust stand designed in this paper is for a Pulsed Plasma Thruster built by Sun Devil Satellite Laboratory, a student organization at Arizona State University. The thrust stand uses a torsional beam rotating to record displacement. This information, along with impulse-momentum theorem is applied to find the impulse bit of the thruster, which varies largely from other designs which focus on using the natural dynamics their fixtures. The target impulse to record on this fixture was estimated to be 275 μN-s of impulse. Through calibration and experimentation, the fixture is capable of recording an impulse of 332 μN-s ± 14.81 μN-s, close to the target impulse. The error due to noise was characterized and evaluated to be under 5% which is deemed to be acceptable.

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Date Created
  • 2017

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Propellant Mass Scaling and Decoupling and Improved Plasma Coupling in a Pulsed Inductive Thruster

Description

Two methods of improving the life and efficiency of the Pulsed Inductive Thruster

(PIT) have been investigated. The first is a trade study of available switches to

determine the best device to

Two methods of improving the life and efficiency of the Pulsed Inductive Thruster

(PIT) have been investigated. The first is a trade study of available switches to

determine the best device to implement in the PIT design. The second is the design

of a coil to improve coupling between the accelerator coil and the plasma. Experiments

were done with both permanent and electromagnets to investigate the feasibility of

implementing a modified Halbach array within the PIT to promote better plasma

coupling and decrease the unused space within the thruster. This array proved to

promote more complete coupling on the edges of the coil where it had been weak in

previous studies. Numerical analysis was done to predict the performance of a PIT

that utilized each suggested switch type. This model utilized the Alfven velocity to

determine the critical mass and energy of these theoretical thrusters.

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Created

Date Created
  • 2018