Matching Items (13)

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The Development of a Power System for the Phoenix CubeSat

Description

The Phoenix CubeSat is a 3U Earth imaging CubeSat which will take infrared (IR) photos of cities in the United Stated to study the Urban Heat Island Effect, (UHI) from

The Phoenix CubeSat is a 3U Earth imaging CubeSat which will take infrared (IR) photos of cities in the United Stated to study the Urban Heat Island Effect, (UHI) from low earth orbit (LEO). It has many different components that need to be powered during the life of its mission. The only power source during the mission will be its solar panels. It is difficult to calculate power generation from solar panels by hand because of the different orientations the satellite will be positioned in during orbit; therefore, simulation will be used to produce power generation data. Knowing how much power is generated is integral to balancing the power budget, confirming whether there is enough power for all the components, and knowing whether there will be enough power in the batteries during eclipse. This data will be used to create an optimal design for the Phoenix CubeSat to accomplish its mission.

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  • 2017-05

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Analysis of FDM-Enabled Thermoplastics as Hybrid Rocket Fuel

Description

In this analysis, materials capable of being 3D printed such as acrylonitrile-butadiene styrene (ABS), polyethylene terephthalate-glycol (PETG), and polylactic acid (PLA) were analyzed mathematically to determine their potential application as

In this analysis, materials capable of being 3D printed such as acrylonitrile-butadiene styrene (ABS), polyethylene terephthalate-glycol (PETG), and polylactic acid (PLA) were analyzed mathematically to determine their potential application as a fuel source for a hybrid rocket engine currently being developed by Daedalus Astronautics. By developing a 3D printed fuel option, new fuel grain geometries can be manufactured and tested that have the potential to greatly improve regression and flow characteristics of hybrid rockets. In addition, 3D printed grains have been shown to greatly reduce manufacturing time while improving grain-to-grain consistency. In the end, it was found that ABS, although the most difficult material to work with, would likely provide the best results as compared to an HTPB baseline. This is because after conducting a heat conservation analysis similar to that employed by NASA's chemical equilibrium with applications code (CEA), ABS was shown to operate at similarly high levels of specific impulse at approximately the same oxidizer-to-fuel ratio, meaning the current Daedalus test setup for HTPB would be applicable to ABS. In addition, PLA was found to require a far lower oxidizer-to-fuel ratio to achieve peak specific impulse than any of the other fuels analyzed leading to the conclusion that in a flight-ready engine it would likely require less oxidizer and pressurization mass, and therefore, less overall system mass, to achieve thrust levels similar to ABS and HTPB. By improving the thrust-to-weight ratio in this way a more efficient engine could be developed. Following these results, future works will include the hot-fire testing of the four fuel options to verify the analysis method used. Additionally, the ground work has been set for future analysis and development of complex fuel port geometries which have been shown to further improve flight characteristics.

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  • 2017-05

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Investigation into the von Karman Vortex Street and the Relationship Between Reynolds and Strouhal Numbers

Description

This experiment used hotwire anemometry to examine the von Kármán vortex street and how different surface conditions affect the wake profile of circular airfoils, or bluff bodies. Specifically, this experiment

This experiment used hotwire anemometry to examine the von Kármán vortex street and how different surface conditions affect the wake profile of circular airfoils, or bluff bodies. Specifically, this experiment investigated how the various surface conditions affected the shedding frequency and Strouhal Number of the vortex street as Reynolds Number is increased. The cylinders tested varied diameter, surface finish, and wire wrapping. Larger diameters corresponded with lower shedding frequencies, rougher surfaces decreased Strouhal Number, and the addition of thick wires to the surface of the cylinder completely disrupted the vortex shedding to the point where there was almost no dominant shedding frequency. For the smallest diameter cylinder tested, secondary dominant frequencies were observed, suggesting harmonics.

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  • 2017-05

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Ionic Wind Propulsion

Description

This paper describes the research done to attempt to scale up thrusts produced by ionic wind thrusters, or "lifters" to magnitudes needed to power a 2 kg hobbyist remote-control airplane.

This paper describes the research done to attempt to scale up thrusts produced by ionic wind thrusters, or "lifters" to magnitudes needed to power a 2 kg hobbyist remote-control airplane. It includes background information on the Biefeld-Brown effect and the thrust it produces, an experiment that attempted to prove that thrust can be scaled up from smaller ionic wind thrusters to larger scales, and two models predicting thruster geometries and power sources needed to reach these thrusts. An ionic wind thruster could not be created that would power the hobbyist remote as a high-voltage power source with voltage and power high enough could not be obtained. Thrusters were created for the experiment using balsa wood, aluminum foil, and thin copper wire, and were powered using a 30 kV transformer. The thrusters attempted to test for correlations between thrust, electrode length, and current; electric field strength, and thrust; and thrust optimization through opening up air flow through the collector electrode. The experiment was inconclusive as all the thrusters failed to produce measurable thrust. Further experimentation suggests the chief failure mode is likely conduction from the collector electrode to the nearby large conductive surface of the scale.

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  • 2017-12

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Design of an Electrically Driven Centrifugal Pump for Hybrid Sounding Rocket Applications

Description

The objective of this project was to design an electrically driven centrifugal pump for the Daedalus Astronautics @ASU hybrid rocket engine (HRE). The pump design was purposefully simplified due to

The objective of this project was to design an electrically driven centrifugal pump for the Daedalus Astronautics @ASU hybrid rocket engine (HRE). The pump design was purposefully simplified due to time, fabrication, calculation, and capability constraints, which resulted in a lower fidelity design, with the option to be improved later. The impeller, shroud, volute, shaft, motor, and ESC were the main focuses of the pump assembly, but the seals, bearings, lubrication methods, and flow path connections were considered as elements which would require future attention. The resulting pump design is intended to be used on the Daedalus Astronautics HRE test cart for design verification. In the future, trade studies and more detailed analyses should and will be performed before this pump is integrated into the Daedalus Astronautics flight-ready HRE.

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Date Created
  • 2018-05

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Validation of Active Pixel Sensors to Develop Enhanced Star Trackers

Description

Active pixel sensors hold a lot of promise for space applications in star tracking because of their effectiveness against radiation, small size, and on-chip processing. The research focus is on

Active pixel sensors hold a lot of promise for space applications in star tracking because of their effectiveness against radiation, small size, and on-chip processing. The research focus is on documenting and validating ground test equipment for these types of sensors. Through demonstrating the utility of a commercial sensor, the research will be able to work on ensuring the accuracy of ground tests. This contribution allows for future research on improving active pixel sensor performance.

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Date Created
  • 2018-05

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A Survey of Modern Gridded Ion Propulsion Systems and Their Development and Applications in Future Space Missions

Description

This paper studies the history and development of ion propulsion systems and survey past, present, and developing technology with their applications to space missions. This analysis addresses the physical design

This paper studies the history and development of ion propulsion systems and survey past, present, and developing technology with their applications to space missions. This analysis addresses the physical design parameters and process that is a part of designing and optimizing a gridded ion thruster. It also identifies operational limits that may be associated with solar-powered ion propulsion systems and posits plausible solutions or alternatives to remedy such limitations. These topics are presented with the intent of reviewing how ion propulsion technology evolved in its journey to develop to today's systems, and to facilitate thought and discussion on where further development of ion propulsion systems can be directed.

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Date Created
  • 2018-05

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The Future of Space with Respect to International Relations

Description

The emergence of the space industry facilitated new technologies which completely changed how humans live. However, the industry itself has also acted as a constant source of conflict between its

The emergence of the space industry facilitated new technologies which completely changed how humans live. However, the industry itself has also acted as a constant source of conflict between its participants. As a result, the industry has encountered issues regarding the role of private industry in space development, the militarization of space, how to address the gap in space technology between developed and underdeveloped nations, and the overall economic climate of space. With these numerous challenges facing the space industry, this investigation hopes to present potential solutions to said issues while providing a baseline for future research. In order to accomplish this, the international relations ideologies of neorealism, neoliberalism and constructivism were applied in conjunction with opinions from multiple industry scholars to synthesize potential solutions and provide a knowledge baseline and methodology for future investigations. This resulted in the conclusion that, in the scope of this investigation, a constructivist solution focusing on human nature's role in international relations is the best means of avoiding global conflict while promoting prosperity. The proposed constructivist solution proposes the development of multi-actor groups which defend, maintain and develop space assets collectively. These groups formed around ideological similarities would effectively limit conflict and increase the viability of space. However, this constructivist approach is not satisfactory due to its complexity which could result in the breakdown of peace and prosperity if interdependence between actors cannot be maintained. As a result, more research is necessary to develop an appropriate solution but, the methodology, information and understanding of different international relations principles used in this thesis can be used in future investigations to develop more comprehensive solutions.

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  • 2017-05

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Destabilized Aircraft Response: The Implications of Pilot Trim Error

Description

This thesis uses an aircraft aerodynamic model and propulsion data, which

represents a configuration similar to the Airbus A320, to perform trade studies to understand the weight and configuration effects of

This thesis uses an aircraft aerodynamic model and propulsion data, which

represents a configuration similar to the Airbus A320, to perform trade studies to understand the weight and configuration effects of “out-of-trim” flight during takeoff, cruise, initial approach, and balked landing. It is found that flying an aircraft slightly above the angle of attack or pitch angle required for a trimmed, stabilized flight will cause the aircraft to lose speed rapidly. This effect is most noticeable for lighter aircraft and when one engine is rendered inoperative. In the event of an engine failure, if the pilot does not pitch the nose of the aircraft down quickly, speed losses are significant and potentially lead to stalling the aircraft. Even when the risk of stalling the aircraft is small, the implications on aircraft climb performance, obstacle clearance, and acceleration distances can still become problematic if the aircraft is not flown properly. When the aircraft is slightly above the trimmed angle of attack, the response is shown to closely follow the classical phugoid response where the aircraft will trade speed and altitude in an oscillatory manner. However, when the pitch angle is slightly above the trimmed condition, the aircraft does not show this phugoid pattern but instead just loses speed until it reaches a new stabilized trajectory, never having speed and altitude oscillate. In this event, the way a pilot should respond to both events is different and may cause confusion in the cockpit.

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Date Created
  • 2018

The Supersonic Performance of High Bypass Ratio Turbofan Engines with Fixed Conical Spike Inlets

Description

The objective of this study is to understand how to integrate conical spike external compression inlets with high bypass turbofan engines for application on future supersonic airliners. Many performance problems

The objective of this study is to understand how to integrate conical spike external compression inlets with high bypass turbofan engines for application on future supersonic airliners. Many performance problems arise when inlets are matched with engines as inlets come with a plethora of limitations and losses that greatly affect an engine’s ability to operate. These limitations and losses include drag due to inlet spillage, bleed ducts, and bypass doors, as well as the maximum and minimum values of mass flow ratio at each Mach number that define when an engine can no longer function. A collection of tools was developed that allow one to calculate the raw propulsion data of an engine, match the propulsion data with an inlet, calculate the aerodynamic data of an aircraft, and combine the propulsion and aerodynamic data to calculate the installed performance of the entire propulsion system. Several trade studies were performed that tested how changing specific design parameters of the engine affected propulsion performance. These engine trade studies proved that high bypass turbofan engines could be developed with external compression inlets and retain effective supersonic performance. Several engines of efficient fuel consumption and differing bypass ratios were developed through the engine trade studies and used with the aerodynamic data of the Concorde to test the aircraft performance of a supersonic airliner using these engines. It was found that none of the engines that were tested came close to matching the supersonic performance that the Concorde could achieve with its own turbojet engines. It is possible to speculate from the results several different reasons why these turbofan engines were unable to function effectively with the Concorde. These speculations show that more tests and trade studies need to be performed in order to determine if high bypass turbofan engines can be developed for effective usage with supersonic airliners in any possible way.

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Date Created
  • 2018