Wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) utilization of combined heat and power (CHP) systems allows for the efficient use of on-site biogas production, as well as increased annual savings in utility costs. In this thesis, a literature review of six CHP prime mover technologies is presented. Even though there are different prime mover technologies, the main ones currently being implemented in WWTPs are micro turbines, fuel cells and reciprocating engines. These prime mover technologies offer varying efficiencies, installation costs and maintenance requirements. The prime movers are also all in different stages of development, leading some to be more currently-in-use than others in WWTPs. Currently reciprocating engines and micro turbines occupy the largest shares of the CHP in WWTP sector.
This thesis will also go in detail into equations and calculations created for a techno-economic assessment for installation and maintenance of a CHP system at a WWTP. The equations and calculations created here were then utilized with data from a typical WWTP in the Southwestern United States to create an accurate case study. In this case study, a payback of 5.7 years and a net present value of $709,000 can be achieved when the WWTP generates over 2,000,000 m3 of biogas per year and utilizes over 36,000 GJ of natural gas per year.