Matching Items (57)

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The Current State of Research and Development Approach (R&D) in the Saudi Construction Industry

Description

For the past three decades, the Saudi construction industry (SCI) has exhibited poor performance. Many research efforts have tried to identify the problem and the potential causes but there have

For the past three decades, the Saudi construction industry (SCI) has exhibited poor performance. Many research efforts have tried to identify the problem and the potential causes but there have been few publications identifying ways to mitigate the problem and describing testing to validate the proposed solution. This paper examines the research and development (R&D) approach in the SCI. A literature research was performed identifying the impact that R&D has had on the SCI. A questionnaire was also created for surveying industry professionals and researchers. The results show evidence that the SCI practice and the academic research work exist in separate silos. This study recommends a change of mindset in both the public and private sector on their views on R&D since cooperation is required to create collaboration between the two sectors and improve the competitiveness of the country's economy.

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Date Created
  • 2016-05-20

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Analyzing Roof to Wall Attachment Systems A Micro-Analysis Leading to a Shift in Approaching Hurricane Compliance Incentives

Description

As construction and building methods advance so should their focus on reconstruction post-natural disasters. For the past 50 years there has been an average of 6.2 hurricanes making landfall, and

As construction and building methods advance so should their focus on reconstruction post-natural disasters. For the past 50 years there has been an average of 6.2 hurricanes making landfall, and several recent unfortunate occurrences in the past year that have caused immeasurable damage and taken priceless lives (Chris Landsea 2017). Damages could have been significantly reduced to residential homes and lives saved if proper, hurricane-resistant construction was used. It is important to continue advancement in efficient planning and reconstructive methods to restore individuals into their homes and ensure their safety in the future. Utilizing tested resilient building methods may increase construction costs but has a visible payoff through mitigation of economic losses in the future. This can also help develop response and mitigation plans based on the very specific conditions of each community or affected location. To do so, it is crucial to continue research and test various methods of construction and materials in residential homes. This study was a comparative analysis of the current roof systems implemented in residential homes, the role of hurricane testing facilities in maintaining building codes, and how damage incurred by hurricanes can be significantly reduced through a shift in the approach of homeowner insurance incentive. The purpose of this study was to provide a feasible and practicable solution for increasing implementation of hurricane resistant construction into homes. The results of this analysis concluded that there is a low percentage of homeowners investing in making their homes hurricane resilient. By re-inventing the incentive methods that insurance companies offer, this problem can step into the right direction in making more homes hurricane resilient consequently reducing damages, deaths, and economic loss.

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Date Created
  • 2018-05

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A Value-Based Approach to Writing an RFP, and Applied Case Example

Description

Services procured by government agencies are often ridden with delay and costly change orders. Government agencies may react to these failures by implementing restrictive terms and conditions intended to ensure

Services procured by government agencies are often ridden with delay and costly change orders. Government agencies may react to these failures by implementing restrictive terms and conditions intended to ensure that the service is delivered on time and within budget. While potentially helpful (and nearly always counterproductive), this approach often fails to recognize the cause of the procurement failure \u2014 inadequate request for proposal (RFP) draftsmanship. The RFP must provide the vendor, or service provider, with a comprehensive understanding of the client's motivations for soliciting the bid, the environment in which the materials and services will be utilized, and accurate specifications for those materials and services. In summary, the RFP must be a clean and concise roadmap of client expectations. This thesis describes, for the novice RFP drafter, a value-based approach to preparing a request for proposal.

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Created

Date Created
  • 2018-05

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Creating a Tool to Simplify and Automate the Vendor of Record Program for a Public Institution

Description

A public North American university needed a tool to automate their Vendor of Record rotation program. The goal was to give each vendor in the program fair opportunities and to

A public North American university needed a tool to automate their Vendor of Record rotation program. The goal was to give each vendor in the program fair opportunities and to be open and honest with how vendors were selected. This tool was created in Microsoft Excel with VBA to code macros. The three major Excel sheets are the Masters, the FM Interface, and the Executive Interface. The Masters act as a database and house data for each project. It is a plain Excel worksheet populated with tables. The FM Interface is a macro-enabled Excel workbook. It is distributed to every Facilities Manager in the program. The FM Interface communicates with the Masters in the background. The FMs use the various inputs and buttons to go through every step of procuring a project. They start by initializing a project, and are given a generated list of vendors who are qualified. This list is automatically rotated for every project. Then they fill in an RFQ and it is automatically emailed to the required vendors. When the Facilities Manager receives every quote, they input them into the program and they are saved to the database. When the project is complete, the manager must fill out a satisfaction survey to measure safety, cost, schedule, and quality of work. This is the main method of tracking vendor performance. The last sheet, the Executive Interface, is given only to the administrator of the program. It generates various reports, such as vendor performance, FM performance, and insurance status. It also has many administrative functions including insurance updating, vendor input, and delete project/vendor. The automated tool has been used without error on over 50 projects by 11 different Facilities Managers. The university's Facilities Management team is pleased with the automated process.

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Created

Date Created
  • 2016-12

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Psychological Model of No Control/Influence

Description

The Information Measurement Theory (IMT) is a revolutionary thinking paradigm. Its principles allow an individual to accurately perceive reality and simplify the complexities of life. To understand IMT, individuals start

The Information Measurement Theory (IMT) is a revolutionary thinking paradigm. Its principles allow an individual to accurately perceive reality and simplify the complexities of life. To understand IMT, individuals start by first recognizing that everything must follow natural law and cause and effect, that there is no randomness, and that everyone changes at a certain rate. They then move on to understanding that individuals are described by certain characteristics that can be used to predict their future behavior. And finally, they discover that they must learn to understand, accept, and improve themselves while understanding and accepting others. The author, who has spent a considerable amount of time studying and utilizing IMT, believes that IMT can be used within the field of psychology. The extraordinary results that IMT has produced in the construction industry can potentially be produced in a similar fashion within the psychology field. One of the most important principles of IMT teaches that control or influence over others does not exist. This principle alone differentiates IMT from the traditional model of psychology, which is dedicated to changing an individual (through influence). Five case studies will be presented in which individuals have used the principles of IMT to overcome severe issues such as substance abuse and depression. Each case study is unique and exhibits a remarkable change within each individual.

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Created

Date Created
  • 2014-05

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A Representation of the Human Race: The Financial Industry

Description

The purpose of this research is to gain a deeper understanding of the often-despised financial sector while exploring the parallels it reflects in our society. Information Measurement Theory was applied

The purpose of this research is to gain a deeper understanding of the often-despised financial sector while exploring the parallels it reflects in our society. Information Measurement Theory was applied to several aspects of life apparent in both the financial sector and our society in order to discover parallels present in both. By analyzing the financial sector against our society as a whole, it becomes apparent that the financial sector's composition of individuals reflects that of our societies and is a close representation. Further, the financial sector is able to reflect the importance of information and how individuals react to and justify good and bad results from decision-making. In all our despise of the financial sector is nothing more than the loathe of inherent flaws in our society as a whole.

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Date Created
  • 2013-05

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Postoccupancy Performance Evaluation of Time-of-Installation Factors: Seven-Year Study of SPF Roofing

Description

Over the past couple of decades, quality has been an area of increased focus. Multiple models and approaches have been proposed to measure the quality in the construction industry. This

Over the past couple of decades, quality has been an area of increased focus. Multiple models and approaches have been proposed to measure the quality in the construction industry. This paper focuses on determining the quality of one of the types of roofing systems used in the construction industry, i.e., sprayed polyurethane foam roofs (SPF roofs). Thirty-seven urethane-coated SPF roofs that were installed in 2005/2006 were visually inspected to measure the percentage of blisters and repairs three times over a period of four years, six years, and seven years. A repairing criteria was established after a six-year mark based on the data that were reported to contractors as vulnerable roofs. Furthermore, the relation between four possible contributing time-of-installation factors—contractor, demographics, season, and difficulty (number of penetrations and size of the roof in square feet) that could affect the quality of the roof was determined. Demographics and difficulty did not affect the quality of the roofs, whereas the contractor and the season when the roof was installed did affect the quality of the roofs.

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Created

Date Created
  • 2015-04-01

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Process Improvement in Healthcare Facility Benchmarking Report Data Collection and Delivery Methods for Healthcare Facility Maintenance

Description

ABSTRACT
Academic literature and industry benchmarking reports were reviewed to determine the way facilities benchmarking reports were perceived in the healthcare industry. Interviews were conducted through

ABSTRACT
Academic literature and industry benchmarking reports were reviewed to determine the way facilities benchmarking reports were perceived in the healthcare industry. Interviews were conducted through a Delphi panel of industry professionals who met experience and other credential requirements. Two separate rounds of interviewing were conducted where each candidate was asked the same questions to determine the current views of benchmarking reports and associated data in the healthcare industry. The questions asked in the second round were developed from the answers to the first-round questions. The research showed the panel preferred changes in the data collection methods as well as changes in the way the data is presented. The need for these changes was unanimous among the members of the panel. The main recommendations among the group were:
1. An interactive method such as a member portal with the ability to customize, run scenarios, and save data is the preferred method.
2. Facilities Management (FM) teams are often not included in the data collection of the benchmark reports. Including FM groups would allow more accuracy and more detailed data resulting in more accurate and in-depth reports.
3. More consistency and “apples to apples” comparisons need to be provided in the reports. More categories and variables need to be added to the reports to offer more in depth comparisons and assessments between buildings. Identifiers to help the users compare the physical condition of their facility to others needs to be included. Suggestions are as follows:
a. Facility Condition Index (FCI)- easily available to all participants and allows an idea of the comparison of upkeep and maintenance of their facility to that of others.
b. An indicator on whether the comparison buildings are Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) accredited.
4. Gross Square Footage (GSF) is not an accurate assessment on its own. Too many variables are left unidentified to offer an accurate assessment with this method alone.

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Created

Date Created
  • 2020

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Impact of a non-traditional research approach

Description

Construction Management research has not been successful in changing the practices of the construction industry. The method of receiving grants and the peer review paper system that academics rely on

Construction Management research has not been successful in changing the practices of the construction industry. The method of receiving grants and the peer review paper system that academics rely on to achieve promotion, does not align to academic researchers becoming experts who can bring change to industry practices. Poor construction industry performance has been documented for the past 25 years in the international construction management field. However, after 25 years of billions of dollars of research investment, the solution remains elusive. Research has shown that very few researchers have a hypothesis, run cycles of research tests in the industry, and result in changing industry practices.

The most impactful research identified in this thesis, has led to conclusions that pre-planning is critical, hiring contractors who have expertise will result in better performance, and risk is mitigated when the supply chain partners work together and expertise is utilized at the beginning of projects.

The problems with construction non-performance have persisted. Legal contract issues have become more important. Traditional research approaches have not identified the severity and the source of construction non-performance. The problem seems to be as complex as ever. The construction industry practices and the academic research community remain in silos. This research proposes that the problem may be in the traditional construction management research structure and methodology. The research

has identified a unique non-traditional research program that has documented over 1700 industry tests, which has resulted in a decrease in client management by up to 79%, contractors adding value by up to 38%, increased customer satisfaction by up to 140%, reduced change order rates as low as -0.6%, and decreased cost of services by up to 31%.

The purpose of this thesis is to document the performance of the non-traditional research program around the above identified results. The documentation of such an effort will shed more light on what is required for a sustainable, industry impacting, and academic expert based research program.

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Created

Date Created
  • 2014

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Experimentation of managerial techniques for the optimization of a voluntary construction workforce

Description

Using experience, observations, data, current research, and writings in the field of volunteer management, it was determined there was a need to study the effects of leadership/management practices on the

Using experience, observations, data, current research, and writings in the field of volunteer management, it was determined there was a need to study the effects of leadership/management practices on the productivity outcomes of a volunteer construction workforce. A simple wood bench that would be tiled and painted was designed to test the areas of Time, Waste, Quality, Safety, and Satisfaction of different volunteer groups. The challenge was bolstered by giving the teams no power tools and limited available resources. A simple design of experiment model was used to test highs and lows in the three management techniques of Instruction, Help, and Encouragement. Each scenario was tested multiple times. Data was collected, normalized and analyzed using statistical analysis software. A few significant findings were discovered. The first; the research showed that there was no significant correlation between the management practices of the leader and the satisfaction of the volunteers. The second; the research also showed when further analyzed into specific realistic scenarios that the organizations would be better to focus on high amounts of Help and Encouragement in order to maximize the productivity of their volunteer construction workforce. This is significant as it allows NPO's and governments to focus their attention where best suited to produce results. The results were shared and the study was further validated as "significant" by conducting interviews with experts in the construction nonprofit sector.

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Created

Date Created
  • 2013