About 1% of the United States adult population currently suffers from schizophrenia. The symptoms of schizophrenia can be broken down into three main categories including: positive symptoms such as psychoses, negative symptoms such as anhedonia, and cognitive symptoms such as memory difficulties. The early growth response 3 (Egr3) is part of a family of genes known as the immediate early genes (IEGs), which are zinc-finger transcription factors. IEGs are not protein synthesis dependent, which means that they can be activated quickly, within 30-45 minutes, in response to certain environmental stimuli such as sleep deprivation. Egr3, an activity dependent gene, may be up-regulated by both genetic and environmental cues. Egr3 is thought to play an integral role in a biochemical pathway that may explain the onset of schizophrenia. However, the exact causes of schizophrenia remain unknown. Egr3 is not only activated in response to environmental factors, but has also been linked to many genes that are associated with schizophrenia in humans (Huentelman et al., 2015). Post-mortem brain tissue studies of patients with schizophrenia have decreased levels of EGR3 in their prefrontal cortex (PFC) and mice lacking Egr3 (Egr3 -/-) exhibit schizophrenia-like phenotypes such as locomotor hyperactivity. Egr 3 -/- mice also exhibit a diminished head twitch response to 2,5-Dimethoxy-4-iodoamphetamine (DOI), a 5-HT2A agonist (Yamada, et al., 2007; Gallitano-Mendel, et al., 2008). A link was established between schizophrenia patients and the serotonin 2A receptor (5-HT2AR) upon recognizing that 5-HT2AR agonists like lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) create hallucinations similar to those in schizophrenic patients and 5-HT2AR antagonists such as the second-generation antipsychotic clozapine can reverse those hallucinations (Sommer, 2012). Paradoxically, however, post-mortem studies of schizophrenia patients have actually shown a decrease in PFC 5-HT2ARs as well as a 70% decrease found in the PFC of Egr3 -/- mice (Rasmussen, et al., 2010; Williams, et al., 2012). Therefore, we hypothesize that EGR3 directly regulates expression of 5-HT2ARs. To test this we will use virus-mediated overexpression of 5-HT2ARs in the PFCs of mice to see if we can rescue the schizophrenia-like phenotypes of the Egr3 -/- mice. After bilateral PFC stereotaxic injection of herpes simplex virus (HSV) with enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) or HSV-Htr2a-EGFP in both wild type (WT) and Egr3 -/- mice, the mice were behaviorally tested using locomotor activity and DOI-induced head twitch response. We found that Egr3-/- mice, compared to WT mice, demonstrated locomotor hyperactivity and a decreased DOI-induced head twitch response, confirming prior findings, but no significant main effect of virus. A significant effect of the HSV-Htr2a-EGFP was seen when comparing DOI-induced head twitch response in WT mice to Egr3 -/- mice. WT mice showed a higher number of head twitches in comparison to the knockout mice. These findings suggest further research must be conducted in order to investigate whether a functional 5-HT2AR is being translated and correctly transported to the membrane. These findings may also point to an unknown factor mediating the regulation between Egr3 and 5-HT2ARs.