With global warming becoming a more serious problem and mankind's alarming dependency on fossil fuels, the need for a sustainable and environmentally friendly fuel source is becoming more important. Biofuels produced from photosynthetic microorganisms like algae or cyanobacteria offer a carbon neutral replacement for petroleum fuel sources; however, with the technology and information available today, the amount of biomass that would need to be produced is not economically feasible. In this work, I examined a possible factor impacting the growth of a model cyanobacterium, Synechocystis sp. PCC6803, which is heterotrophic bacteria communities accompanying the cyanobacteria. I experimented with three variables: the type of heterotrophic bacteria strain, the initial concentration of heterotrophic bacteria, and the addition of a carbon source (glucose) to the culture. With experimental information, I identified if given conditions would increase Synechocystis growth and thus increase the yield of biomass. I found that under non-limiting growth conditions, heterotrophic bacteria do not significantly affect the growth of Synechocystis or the corresponding biomass yield. The initial concentration of heterotrophic bacteria and the added glucose also did not affect the growth of Synechocystis. I did see some nutrient recycling from the heterotrophic bacteria as the phosphate levels in the growth medium were depleted, which was apparent from prolonged growth phase and higher levels of reactive phosphate in the media.