Tailored Messaging Feedback to Improve Parent Knowledge and Behavior Practices on Pediatric Drowning Prevention
Introduction and Background: Drowning is the leading cause of preventable injury death in Arizona for children under five years old. Tailored education has demonstrated efficacy in behavior change and knowledge retention. The purpose of this evidence-based project was to evaluate if tailored education improved knowledge and self-reported behaviors related to pediatric drowning. The Elaboration Likelihood Model provided the framework for this project.
Methods/Experimental Approach: The prospective pilot project was conducted using the Iowa Model of Evidence Based Practice. Parents with children under five years, presenting with low acuity complaints in a pediatric emergency department were approached. A baseline assessment identified high-risk behaviors and a custom education plan was delivered to parents. Outcome variables were measured at baseline and three weeks after initial assessment.
Results: The average parent age was 29 (M = 28.5; SD = 6.35) years. Participant (n=29) responses were analyzed using descriptive statistics. Participants (n = 27, 93%) reported likelihood to change behaviors and 29 (100%) perceived the tailored intervention as relevant. Secondary outcome variables were not measured at three weeks due to a lack of survey response.
Conclusions: Parents reported a high likelihood of behavior change when water safety education was tailored and relevant to their child. The tailored intervention evoked positive interaction and receptivity from parents and suggested a high motivation to make a behavior change. The effect of the intervention could not be tested due to the lack of follow-up and post data collection. The design of this evidence-based project is quantifiable and replicable in a low-acuity setting, which allows for future evaluations of self-reported behavior change and knowledge improvement.
Funding: No sponsorship or financial conflict of interest.