Matching Items (38)

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The Impact of Partnership Adoption on Employees’ Awareness of Risk Control and Job Engagement: Evidence from a Securities Company in China

Description

This study investigates the impact of a specific organizational form – partnership – on employees’ awareness of risk control and job engagement in securities companies. Given that their organizational performance

This study investigates the impact of a specific organizational form – partnership – on employees’ awareness of risk control and job engagement in securities companies. Given that their organizational performance relies heavily on the performance of individual employees, it is critical for securities companies in China to adopt appropriate organizational forms so that they can better captalize on their employees’ human capital to cope with the increasingly intense market competition. Partnership, as one of the few organizational forms, has been widely adopted in industries that rely on the performance of individuals, such as law, auditing, consulting, and investment banking, around the world. In the context of China’s emerging economy, it has also been adopted as an incentive system by market leaders across several industries, including Alibaba in online shopping, Vanke in real estate, and Fosun in investments. In contrast, partnership has not been adopted or implemented by securities companies in China as most of them are still state-owned enterprises.

Based on my review of the corporate governance literature and qualitative analysis of partnership adoption in China, I propose that partnership can help better alighn the interests of employees with owners in securities companies as well. Specifically, the prospect of becoming a partner in the future can improve employees’ awareness of risk control and increase their job engagement. Taking advantage of partnership adoption at a Chinese securities company as a natural field experienment, I surveyed its employees about their awareness of risk contrl and job dedication before and after the adoption. The results from 505 matched surveys showed an increase in the average scores of both awareness of risk control and job dedication after the company adopted partnership as a new organizational form. Findings of this study have important implications for organizational and incentive design for securities companies in China.

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Date Created
  • 2018

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平台信任与理财师信任:基于问卷调查表的实证分析

Description

财富管理是一个高度信息不对称的行业,因此投资人需要尽可能减少自身的不确定来做投资决策,通过文献整理,本文发现通过建立信任来消除不确定性是很多投资人都会选择的帮助投资决策的方法。纵观历史,美国2007-2008年的金融危机也恰恰导致金融市场投资人对于理财机构信任的严重缺失,相同的情况也可能发生在中国财富管理市场,因此本文将此选作研究重点,希望深入研究财富管理公司投资人对理财师的信任来得到一系列结论。本文最终发现就平台和理财师相比,投资人更看重平台的信誉度。 投资人大多认为平台的信誉度要高于理财师的信誉度,但是这并不意味着理财师不重要。本文进一步的分析发现,多数投资人会和理财师建立起一种私人联系,且该私人关系有助于加强客户和平台的联系。投资人认为行业经验、为人诚恳,说话可信以及责任心是加强这种私人关系的重要因素。最后,投资人对于钜派平台的信任主要由对于理财师的信任来维持,同时对于理财师的信任主要来自与情感信任。本文的发现对财富管理平台具有战略意义。

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Date Created
  • 2019

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民营企业员工工作幸福感可控前因及绩效后果研究

Description

摘要

在复杂多变的商业环境中,企业传统的人力资源管理已经难以应对日益频发的员工职业倦怠、人际间矛盾冲突、频繁跳槽等局面与问题。企业员工工作的价值与意义早已不再是传统的雇佣模式下,通过出卖劳动力或智力从而获得工资以实现“养家糊口”的目的那么单纯与简单,员工也希望通过辛勤的工作,以获得个体的幸福感、荣誉感与认同感等。对于现代企业的管理者而言,员工追求事业的提升、个人价值的实现,不仅体现在薪酬、福利待遇的提升,更重要的是员工个人的成长以及潜能和竞争力的提升。

随着组织行为学和心理学的不断发展与演变,与员工幸福感相关的研究备受关注。对现代企业而言,管理者借助制度设计对员工幸福积极管理,可以最大限度地发挥员工的积极性、主动性与创造性,实现员工与企业之间的利益相趋同,从而更为高效地实现组织的目标。基于此,本文以民营企业员工工作幸福感作为研究的切入点,借助理论分析、问卷调查和实证分析相结合的研究方法,系统深入地研究我国民营企业员工工作幸福感的构成、可控前因和绩效后果等问题。

本文研究发现:

第一,员工薪酬的提高有助于员工工作幸福感的提升,薪资对基层员工幸福感的影响显著高于其对高层员工幸福感的影响;

第二,完善的晋升机制对于中层员工而言更能提升其幸福感,完善的晋升机制更有利于中层员工;

第三,公平性的提高有助于提高员工工作幸福感,而且这种正效应更多体现在基层员工群体之中;

第四,高层员工更注重自我价值的实现,高层员工的工作挑战性越高,其自我实现需求获得的满足感则约高,但是对于基层员工和中层员工而言,其效果则恰恰相反,基础员工和高层员工更多地将工作挑战性和压力看作是一种负面的因素;

第五,员工幸福感的确会给企业带来正向的绩效。

本文的研究框架和实证结论不仅可以丰富学术界有关员工工作幸福感的研究,而且为企业管理者进行绩效管理以及员工工作质量的提升提供理论和实证借鉴。

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Date Created
  • 2019

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公司治理结构对盈余管理的影响研究—基于民营类上市公司的实证分析

Description

当前,上市公司的盈余管理问题已是我国资本市场中普遍存在的突出问题。一般来说,一些企业为了满足资本市场对于上市、增发等条件的要求,以及为有效推动企业的并购、重组等行为的顺利实现,甚至为了谋求公司管理层的个别利益,往往运用盈余管理等举措实施公司财报及关键指标的粉饰修正,让不知情的股民蒙受一定的损失。普遍分析显示,我国股市中民营企业比其他企业遭遇的问题和压力更多、更大、更突出,因此民营企业从客观上来说拥有更强的盈余管理动机。而从当前我国资本市场的实际情况来看,我国相关专家学者对盈余管理的系统性深入研究,一般都瞄准了上市企业群体或持续亏损企业,对盈余管理的研究不系统、不全面、不深入,这将对我国进一步提升盈余管理监管水平构成一定不利影响。当前,由于我国民企在自身管理及发展动力方面的特殊性,我国民企的管理、盈余管理特点和国外上市公司还存在着很大的不同,进一步深入研究我国民企上市公司自身管理方面的突出特点,以及其对企业盈余管理等方面的深层次影响,有助于监管层对症下药,更有针对性地研究出台全新的监管措施,进一步提升管理水平。这还可以为公司发展的决策层及相关会计信息使用人员提供一定的决策参考, 因此其拥有十分重要的意义。

本文首先认真总结分析了有关上市企业治理结构和盈余管理等方面的历史文献资料,依托当前资本市场上普遍运用的委托代理、内部人控制和契约等理论,系统研究了我国民企上市公司在自身治理结构方面的突出特征以及其对盈余管理方面所构成影响的深层次原理。在此基础上,本文通过2015-2017年我国上市企业数据,基于截面Jones模型对民营企业和非民营企业盈余管理程度进行测算和比较分析,发现民营企业盈余管理程度更高;从四个层面系统研究民企公司自身的治理结构突出特点,设立回归模型论证了民营企业独特的公司治理结构特征对盈余管理程度确实会产生影响;最后,本文进一步利用修正的费尔萨姆一奥尔森估价模型对民营上市公司盈余管理有公司价值的关系进行了验证,发现两者具有显著相关性。

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Date Created
  • 2019

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律师事务所合伙人的激励机制设计和组织设计对其业务的影响

Description

中国律师制度自“文化大革命”结束后恢复至今,已有近四十年。中国律师行业伴随着中国改革开放的进程,得到了飞速的发展,当然,同时也面临着诸多的问题。重要的问题之一便是,中国律师事务所采用“加盟制合伙人”模式和采用“权益制合伙人”模式之争。本文试图从回顾企业边界的三大理论出发,提出“加盟制合伙人”模式和 “权益制合伙人”模式与合伙人律师的业务专业化程度、业务复杂化程度以及大客户和律师事务所规模关系的四个假设,通过实证分析的方式,试图以企业边界三大理论解释前述四个假设中的关系,并以此期望对律师行业的发展有所启发。

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Date Created
  • 2019

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中国水环境企业战略联盟模式研究

Description

中国水环境行业当前正处在以质量驱动、效率提升为主导的发展阶段,为积极响应国家政策以及环境发展导向,平衡公众日益增长的公共品需求同公共品短缺、低效之间的矛盾,抓住市场发展机遇,提高企业市场竞争中的核心能力,水环境行业必须要明确资本驱动、效率导向、服务标准提高要求下的价值流方向,加快行业发展动力的创新改革。因此,本文立足政府充分授权下的水环境企业战略联盟模式(具体体现为BOT模式)影响因素研究,包括如下几部分内容:

第一,界定政府充分授权下水环境企业战略联盟内涵,分析其形成的理论基础、水环境企业战略联盟的类型、发展差异性及战略联盟动因。通过梳理战略联盟理论国内外研究现状回顾及评述,提出政府充分授权下水环境企业战略联盟模式研究的主要问题。

第二,探索政府充分授权下水环境企业战略联盟模式的影响因素。通过对水环境基础设施战略联盟项目合同关键内容的深入分析,识别出政府充分授权下水环境企业战略联盟模式的关键影响因素。

第三,实证分析各关键因素对政府充分授权下水环境企业战略联盟模式效果的影响。运用回归分析方法对项目规模、政府政策、监督管理、激励机制、风险分配和投资回报对联盟模式效果的影响进行实证检验,验证了各影响因素对政府充分授权下水环境企业战略联盟模式效果的正向作用。

最后,对政府充分授权下水环境企业战略联盟模式影响因素及作用研究的结论进行总结。

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Date Created
  • 2019

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Research on the Development of Multinational Investment Banks in China

Description

This study investigates three issues that are relevant for the development of multinational investment banks in China. The first is about the domestic market conditions that are necessary for a

This study investigates three issues that are relevant for the development of multinational investment banks in China. The first is about the domestic market conditions that are necessary for a country to develop multinational investment banks. The second issue is about the degree to which China has met these conditions. The last issue focuses on the potential strategies Chinese investment banks can undertake to become multinational corporations.

To address the first issue, I draw an important distinction between international investment banks and multinational investment banks. For an international investment bank to be regarded as a multinational, I propose that it must have a strong presence (i.e., holding at least one percent of the market share) in at least two of the seven major capital markets in the world. Using this criterion, I identify 25 multinational investment banks. I then analyze their home countries’ domestic market conditions and propose that the following six factors are important to the development of multinational investment banks: the size of the home country’s gross domestic product (GDP), the total capitalization of its domestic security market, the number of its Global 500 firms, the volume of its foreign direct investment (FDI), the internationalization of its currency, and the openness of its capital market to foreign investors.

By comparisons, I find that China’s domestic market conditions are comparable to the home countries of multinational investment banks with respect to the size of GDP, total market capitalization, the number of Global 500 firms, and the volume of FDI. What China lags behind are the internationalization of currency and the openness of capital market to foreign investors. Given the current trends of development, it is very likely that China will be able to catch up on the latter within ten years, thus meeting all the conditions necessary for the development of multinational investment banks.

Based on the above findings, I suggest that Chinese investment banks seize this historical opportunity, speed up the internationalization of their businesses, and learn from the experiences of global industry leaders to become truly multinational corporations.

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Date Created
  • 2015

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An Empirical Study on the Growth of Small and Medium-Sized Pharmaceutical Enterprises through M&A in China

Description

This thesis starts with an analysis of the current situation of the pharmaceutical industry in China, and discusses the strategic mergers and acquisitions (M&A) by small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs)

This thesis starts with an analysis of the current situation of the pharmaceutical industry in China, and discusses the strategic mergers and acquisitions (M&A) by small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in the pharmaceutical industry in China. It elaborates on the rationale for the development of the mergers and acquisitions of the pharmaceutical SMEs. Then a literature review is provided on the causes of corporate mergers and acquisitions such as the economies of scale, synergistic effect, transaction costs, market power, and strategic diversification.Next,the thesis analyzes the underlying rationale for the M&A transactions in the pharmaceutical industry in China, and explores the likely path of successful value creation for pharmaceutical SMEs in China. Specifically, with five in-depth case studies of M&A transactions of pharmaceutical firms, this thesis reveals the critical success factors leading to value creation and growth in the practice of mergers and acquisitions of the pharmaceutical SMEs in China.

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Agent

Created

Date Created
  • 2015

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Ownership Structure And Executive Compensation Design – An Empirical Study

Description

In accordance with the Principal Agent Theory, Property Right Theory, Incentive Theory, and Human Capital Theory, firms face agency problems due to “separation of ownership and management”, which call for

In accordance with the Principal Agent Theory, Property Right Theory, Incentive Theory, and Human Capital Theory, firms face agency problems due to “separation of ownership and management”, which call for effective corporate governance. Ownership structure is a core element of the corporate governance. The differences in ownership structures thus may result in differential incentives in governance through the selection of senior management and in the design of senior management compensation system. This thesis investigates four firms with four different types of ownership structures: a public listed firm with the controlling interest by the state, a public listed firm with a non-state-owned controlling interest, a public listed firm a family-owned controlling interest, and a Sino-foreign joint venture firm. By using a case study approach, I focus on two dimensions of ownership structure characteristics – ownership diversification and differences in property rights so as to document whether there are systematic differences in governance participation and executive compensation design. Specifically, I focused on whether such differences are reflected in management selection (which is linked to adverse selection and moral hazard problems) and in compensation design (the choices of performance measurements, performance pay, and in stock option or restricted stock). The results are consistent with my expectation – the nature of ownership structure does affect senior management compensation design. Policy implications are discussed accordingly.

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Date Created
  • 2015

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A Study on the Motivation of Editorial Professionals in the Reform of A State-Controlled Media Group in China

Description

The traditional newspaper industry has been under tremendous pressure in recent years due to the emergence and growth of new media. Experiencing of a fast-shrinking market share, many traditional newspaper

The traditional newspaper industry has been under tremendous pressure in recent years due to the emergence and growth of new media. Experiencing of a fast-shrinking market share, many traditional newspaper companies are either pushed out of business or are forced to innovate and reform. In this thesis, I investigate the organizational changes at one of the largest newspaper groups in China, particularly regarding its incentive systems as the group adjusts its business scopes under both internal and external institutional constraints.

Publishers of newspapers were traditionally considered non-profit organizations or social institutions in China. Because of their focus on social goals, their activities were not market driven, including the incentive systems for editorial staff members who were central to the content of the newspapers. As the competition from market-driven new media companies increased, many traditional newspaper organizations started to transform themselves into profit-seeking companies. To survive and grow stronger in the new environment, the traditional newspaper industry needs to effectively motivate its workforce by implementing an effective incentive system for the editorial staff.

In this study I first explain the difficulities the traditional newspaper organizations face to implement an incentive system that both satisfies media’s social responsibility and creates sufficient incentive for for editorial staff. Next, I provides a brief history of the reforms occurred in the Chinese newspaper industry in general and the reforms in Shanghai in particular. I then conduct in-depth case analyses of the incentive systems adopted by four successful companies, including one U.S. media company, two Chinese media groups, and one private non-media company in China. Based on the findings from these case analyses and a demographic analysis of the challenges in motivating editorial staff, a new incentive system is designed and implemented in a major newspaper/media group in Shanghai, followed by a survey of its effects on the editorial staff months later. According to the survey, I find that editorial staff members are generally positive about the reforms that have been carried out at this media group, reinforcing the confidence of the group’s leaders in continuing to push the reforms forward. This study concludes by proposing a framework that can be used to guide the transformation of the traditional newspaper organizations to market-driven new media companies.

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Created

Date Created
  • 2016