Matching Items (52)

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Novel Solar Array Interface Electronics for Maximum PV Power Extraction

Description

Current technology does not allow for the full amount of power produced by solar arrays (PV) on spacecraft to be utilized. The arrays are designed with non-reconfigurable architectures and sent

Current technology does not allow for the full amount of power produced by solar arrays (PV) on spacecraft to be utilized. The arrays are designed with non-reconfigurable architectures and sent on fifteen to twenty year long missions. They cannot be changed once they are in space, so the arrays are designed for the end of life. Throughout their lifetime, solar arrays can degrade in power producing capabilities anywhere from 20% to 50%. Because there is such a drastic difference in the beginning and end of life power production, and because they cannot be reconfigured, a new design has been found necessary in order to increase power production. Reconfiguration allows the solar arrays to achieve maximum power producing capabilities at both the beginning and end of their lives. With the potential to increase power production by 50%, the reconfiguration design consists of a switching network to be able to utilize any combination of cells. The design for reconfiguration must meet the power requirements of the solar array. This thesis will explore different designs for reconfiguration, as well as possible switches for implementation. It will also review other methods to increase power production, as well as discuss future work in this field.

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Created

Date Created
  • 2018-05

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Simultaneous Transmit and Receive Antenna with Built in Self-Test Unit: Analysis of Trace Error Simulation

Description

The capstone portion of this project was to use the established STaR antennas and add a Built in Self-Test system to ensure the quality of the signals being received. This

The capstone portion of this project was to use the established STaR antennas and add a Built in Self-Test system to ensure the quality of the signals being received. This part of the project required a MatLab simulation to be built, a layout created, and a PCB designed for fabrication. In theory, the test BiST unit will allow the gain and delay of the transmitted signal and then cancel out unneeded interference for the received signal. However, this design required multiple paths to maintain the same lengths to keep the signals in phase for comparison. The purpose of this thesis is to show the potential drop-offs of the quality of the signals from being out of phase due to the wires that should be similar, being off by a certain percentage. This project will calculate the theoretical delay of all wires being out of sync and then add this delay to the established MatLab simulation. This report will show the relationship between the error of the received variables and what the actual generated values. And, the last part of the document will demonstrate the simulation by creating a signal and comparing it to its received counterpart. The end result of the study showed that the percent error between what is seen and what is expected is near insignificant and, hence, not an issue with regards to the quality of the project.

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Created

Date Created
  • 2016-05

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Simultaneous Transmit and Receive Antenna: Analysis of Measurement Accuracy on Performance

Description

The purpose of the Simultaneous Transmit and Receive Antenna project is to design a test circuit that will allow us to use an antenna to both send out and receive

The purpose of the Simultaneous Transmit and Receive Antenna project is to design a test circuit that will allow us to use an antenna to both send out and receive a signal at the same time on the same frequency. The test circuit will generate DC voltage levels that we can use to solve for the gain and delay of the transmit interference, so we will then be able to cancel out the unwanted signal from the received signal. With a theoretically perfect setup, the transmitted signal will be able to be completely isolated from the received signal, leaving us with only what we want at the output. In practice, however, this is not the case. There are many variables that will affect the integrity of the DC output of the test signal. As the output voltage level deviates from its theoretical perfect measurement, the precision to which we are able to solve for the gain and delay values decreases. The focus of this study is to estimate the effect of using a digital measurement tool to measure the output of the test circuit. Assuming a voltmeter with 1 volt full range, simulations were run using measurements stored at different bit resolutions, from 8-bit storage up to 16-bit storage. Since the physical hardware for the Simultaneous Transmit and Receive test circuit is not currently available, these tests were performed with an edited version of the Matlab simulation created for the Senior Design project. The simulation was run 2000 times over each bit resolution to get a wide range of generated values, then the error from each run was analyzed to come to a conclusion on the effect of the digital measurement on the design. The results of these simulations as well as further details of the project and testing are described inside this document.

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Agent

Created

Date Created
  • 2016-05

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Simultaneous Transmit and Receive: Noise Analysis on Performance

Description

The Built-In Self-Test for Simultaneous Transmit and Receive (BIST for STAR) will be able to solve the challenges of transmitting and receiving at the same time at the same frequency.

The Built-In Self-Test for Simultaneous Transmit and Receive (BIST for STAR) will be able to solve the challenges of transmitting and receiving at the same time at the same frequency. One of the major components is the STAR antenna which transmits and receives along the same pathway. The main problem with doing both on the same path is that the transmit signal is usually much stronger in power compared to the received signal. The transmit signal has echoes and leakages that cause self-interference, preventing the received signal from being properly obtained. The solution developed in this project is the BIST component, which will help calculate the functional gain and phase offset of the interference signal and subtract it from the pathway so that the received signal remains. The functions of the proposed circuit board can be modeled in Matlab, where an emulation code generates a random, realistic functional gain and delay for the interference. From the generated values, the BIST for STAR was simulated to output what the measurements would be given the strength of the input signal and a controlled delay. The original Matlab code models an ideal environment directly recalculating the functional gain and phase from the given measurements in a second Matlab script. The actual product will not be ideal; a possible source of error to be considered is the effect of thermal noise. To observe the effect of noise on the BIST for STAR's performance, the Matlab code was expanded upon to include a component for thermal noise, and a method of analyzing the results of the board.

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Created

Date Created
  • 2016-05

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Energy-Efficient Electoral System for Underwater Sea Turtle Image Recognition

Description

This paper presents work that was done to develop an energy-efficient electoral and frame count system for underwater sea turtle image and video recognition using convolutional neural networks, deep learning

This paper presents work that was done to develop an energy-efficient electoral and frame count system for underwater sea turtle image and video recognition using convolutional neural networks, deep learning framework, and the Python programming language. An underwater sea turtle image recognition program is essential to protect turtles from the threat of bycatch - sea turtles are accidentally caught when fishermen aim for a different type of underwater species. This underwater image recognition system is used to detect the presence of sea turtles, then different kinds of acoustic and light stimuli are used to warn the turtles of approaching danger to reduce bycatch. This image detection system will be placed on a fishing boat to run on a machine at all times (24 hours and 7 days a week). A live video capture from a low-power underwater camera that is attached to the boat will be sent to the image detection system on the machine to analyze the presence of sea turtles in each frame of the video. To lower the computational time and energy of the machine, an energy-efficient electoral and frame count system is implemented on this image detection system.

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Agent

Created

Date Created
  • 2019-05

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Constrained energy optimization in heterogeneous platforms using generalized scaling models

Description

Mobile platforms are becoming highly heterogeneous by combining a powerful multiprocessor system-on-chip (MpSoC) with numerous resources including display, memory, power management IC (PMIC), battery and wireless modems into a compact

Mobile platforms are becoming highly heterogeneous by combining a powerful multiprocessor system-on-chip (MpSoC) with numerous resources including display, memory, power management IC (PMIC), battery and wireless modems into a compact package. Furthermore, the MpSoC itself is a heterogeneous resource that integrates many processing elements such as CPU cores, GPU, video, image, and audio processors. As a result, optimization approaches targeting mobile computing needs to consider the platform at various levels of granularity.

Platform energy consumption and responsiveness are two major considerations for mobile systems since they determine the battery life and user satisfaction, respectively. In this work, the models for power consumption, response time, and energy consumption of heterogeneous mobile platforms are presented. Then, these models are used to optimize the energy consumption of baseline platforms under power, response time, and temperature constraints with and without introducing new resources. It is shown, the optimal design choices depend on dynamic power management algorithm, and adding new resources is more energy efficient than scaling existing resources alone. The framework is verified through actual experiments on Qualcomm Snapdragon 800 based tablet MDP/T. Furthermore, usage of the framework at both design and runtime optimization is also presented.

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Created

Date Created
  • 2014

Bluetooth low energy for use with MEM sensors

Description

ABSTRACT

Designers creating the next generation remote sensing enabled smart devices need to overcome the challenges of prevailing ventures including time to market and expense.

To reduce the time and effort involved

ABSTRACT

Designers creating the next generation remote sensing enabled smart devices need to overcome the challenges of prevailing ventures including time to market and expense.

To reduce the time and effort involved in initial prototyping, a good reference design is often desired and warranted. This paper provides the necessary reference materials for Designers to implement a wireless solution efficiently and effectively.

This document is intended for users with limited Bluetooth technology experience.

Many sensing-enabled devices require a ‘hard-wire’ or cable link to a host monitoring system. This can limit the potential for product advancements by anchoring the system to a single location preventing portability and the convenience of a remote system. By removing the “wired” or cabled portion from a design, a broader scope of devices becomes feasible.

One common problematic area for these types of sensors is within the internal medicine field. Proximity sensing is far more practical and less invasive to implement than surgical implantation. Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) systems solve the hard wired problem by decoupling the physical sensor from the host system through a BLE transceiver that can send information to an external monitoring system. This wireless link enables new sensor technology to be leveraged into previously unobtainable markets; such as, internal medicine, wearable devices, and Infotainment to name a few. Wireless technology for sensor systems are a potentially disruptive technology changing the way environmental monitoring is implemented and considered.

With this BLE design reference, products can be created with new capabilities to advance current technologies for military, commercial, industrial and medical sectors in rapid succession.

Contributors

Agent

Created

Date Created
  • 2015

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Front End Electronics for Neutron- Gamma Spectrometer Device

Description

With the natural resources of earth depleting very fast, the natural resources of other celestial bodies are considered a potential replacement. Thus, there has been rise of space missions constantly

With the natural resources of earth depleting very fast, the natural resources of other celestial bodies are considered a potential replacement. Thus, there has been rise of space missions constantly and with it the need of more sophisticated spectrometer devices has increased. The most important requirement in such an application is low area and power consumption.

To save area, some scintillators have been developed that can resolve both neutrons and gamma events rather than traditional scintillators which can do only one of these and thus, the spacecraft needs two such devices. But with this development, the requirements out of the readout electronics has also increased which now need to discriminate between neutron and gamma events.

This work presents a novel architecture for discriminating such events and compares the results with another approach developed by a partner company. The results show excellent potential in this approach for the neutron-gamma discrimination and the team at ASU is going to expand on this design and build up a working prototype for the complete spectrometer device.

Contributors

Agent

Created

Date Created
  • 2017

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Passive Loop Filter Zoom Analog to Digital Converters

Description

This dissertation proposes and presents two different passive sigma-delta

modulator zoom Analog to Digital Converter (ADC) architectures. The first ADC is fullydifferential, synthesizable zoom-ADC architecture with a passive loop filter for

This dissertation proposes and presents two different passive sigma-delta

modulator zoom Analog to Digital Converter (ADC) architectures. The first ADC is fullydifferential, synthesizable zoom-ADC architecture with a passive loop filter for lowfrequency Built in Self-Test (BIST) applications. The detailed ADC architecture and a step

by step process designing the zoom-ADC along with a synthesis tool that can target various

design specifications are presented. The design flow does not rely on extensive knowledge

of an experienced ADC designer. Two example set of BIST ADCs have been synthesized

with different performance requirements in 65nm CMOS process. The first ADC achieves

90.4dB Signal to Noise Ratio (SNR) in 512µs measurement time and consumes 17µW

power. Another example achieves 78.2dB SNR in 31.25µs measurement time and

consumes 63µW power. The second ADC architecture is a multi-mode, dynamically

zooming passive sigma-delta modulator. The architecture is based on a 5b interpolating

flash ADC as the zooming unit, and a passive discrete time sigma delta modulator as the

fine conversion unit. The proposed ADC provides an Oversampling Ratio (OSR)-

independent, dynamic zooming technique, employing an interpolating zooming front-end.

The modulator covers between 0.1 MHz and 10 MHz signal bandwidth which makes it

suitable for cellular applications including 4G radio systems. By reconfiguring the OSR,

bias current, and component parameters, optimal power consumption can be achieved for

every mode. The ADC is implemented in 0.13 µm CMOS technology and it achieves an

SNDR of 82.2/77.1/74.2/68 dB for 0.1/1.92/5/10MHz bandwidth with 1.3/5.7/9.6/11.9mW

power consumption from a 1.2 V supply.

Contributors

Agent

Created

Date Created
  • 2018

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A bang-bang all-digital PLL for frequency synthesis

Description

Phase locked loops are an integral part of any electronic system that requires a clock signal and find use in a broad range of applications such as clock and data

Phase locked loops are an integral part of any electronic system that requires a clock signal and find use in a broad range of applications such as clock and data recovery circuits for high speed serial I/O and frequency synthesizers for RF transceivers and ADCs. Traditionally, PLLs have been primarily analog in nature and since the development of the charge pump PLL, they have almost exclusively been analog. Recently, however, much research has been focused on ADPLLs because of their scalability, flexibility and higher noise immunity. This research investigates some of the latest all-digital PLL architectures and discusses the qualities and tradeoffs of each. A highly flexible and scalable all-digital PLL based frequency synthesizer is implemented in 180 nm CMOS process. This implementation makes use of a binary phase detector, also commonly called a bang-bang phase detector, which has potential of use in high-speed, sub-micron processes due to the simplicity of the phase detector which can be implemented with a simple D flip flop. Due to the nonlinearity introduced by the phase detector, there are certain performance limitations. This architecture incorporates a separate frequency control loop which can alleviate some of these limitations, such as lock range and acquisition time.

Contributors

Agent

Created

Date Created
  • 2012