Matching Items (4)

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Are Professional Baseball Players Who are Promoted into the Major Leagues Better than Players Who Were Demoted into the Minor Leagues: A Logit Analysis

Description

Today, statistical analysis can be used for a variety of different reasons. In sports, more particularly baseball, there is an increasing necessity to have better up to date analysis of players and their performance as they attempt to make it

Today, statistical analysis can be used for a variety of different reasons. In sports, more particularly baseball, there is an increasing necessity to have better up to date analysis of players and their performance as they attempt to make it to the Major League. Athletes are constantly moving around within one or more organizations. Since they are moving around so often, clubs spend an ample amount of time determining whether or not it is for their benefit and betterment of the organization as a whole. The objective of this thesis is to utilize previous baseball statistics in StataSE to determine performance levels of players who played at the major league level. From these, regression-based performance models will be used to predict whether or not Major League Baseball organizations effectively and efficiently move players around from their farm systems to the big leagues. From this, teams will be able to see whether or not they in fact make the right decisions during the season. Several tasks were accomplished to achieve this outcome: 1. First, data was obtained from the Baseball-Reference statistics database and sorted in google sheets in order for me to perform analysis anywhere. 2. Next, all 1,354 players that entered the major leagues in the year 2016, were assessed as to whether or not they started in a given league and stayed, got promoted from the minor leagues to the majors, or demoted from the majors to the minor leagues. 3. Based off of prior baseball knowledge and offensive performance quantifications only, players' abilities were evaluated and only those who were called up or sent down were included in the overall analysis. 4. The statistical analysis software application, StataSE, was used to create a further analyze if any of the four major regression assumptions were violated. It was determined that logistic regression models would produce better results than that of a standard, linear OLS model. After testing multiple models, and slightly refining my hypothesis, the adjustments made developed a more accurate analysis of whether organizations were making an efficient move sending a player down to promote another player up. After producing the model, I decided to investigate at what level a player was deemed to be no longer able to perform at a Major League Baseball level.

Contributors

Agent

Created

Date Created
2017-05

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Effects of a Widespread Union in NCAA Football

Description

With the National Labor Relations Board's decision to allow Northwestern University football players to unionize, the landscape of college athletics is changing very quickly. Due to their recognition as employees of the University, football players at Northwestern will receive many

With the National Labor Relations Board's decision to allow Northwestern University football players to unionize, the landscape of college athletics is changing very quickly. Due to their recognition as employees of the University, football players at Northwestern will receive many benefits that they would not have received before. They will be able to bargain for the things they want including: scholarships that cover the cost of attendance, increased medical coverage, measures to increase graduation rates, a safer game, and due process with the NCAA. However, this will come at a cost to the general welfare. Subsidies to athletic departments will continue to rise on college campuses due to the increasing costs of athletics and that cost will be incurred regressively on students. With an outcry from students, universities may be forced to stop the increase in subsidies, which may force some athletic departments to cut certain sports according to some parameters set by government legislation and the NCAA.

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Agent

Created

Date Created
2015-05

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Who Makes the NBA Leap?: Predicting the Rookie Year Performance of NBA First Round Draft Picks

Description

The NBA Draft has become one of the most exciting and unique events in sports. Draft decisions are so monumental; so crucial to be right, so disastrous to be wrong. The purpose of this project is to build a model

The NBA Draft has become one of the most exciting and unique events in sports. Draft decisions are so monumental; so crucial to be right, so disastrous to be wrong. The purpose of this project is to build a model that would help teams to predict which types of players perform at a high level upon entering the league. By using regression analysis to predict the rookie year PER (performance efficiency rating) as a dependent variable, teams would have some idea of whether their rookies were underperforming, excelling, or performing at a level they could expect. The independent variables and their statistical significance could help answer a host of questions that front offices have about players: If a player came from a worse conference, can we expect them to have a harder time adjusting? Will their shorter wingspan have a negative effect on their play in the NBA? Do guards or forwards tend to have higher PERs upon entering the league? To answer these questions, I've gathered data on every first round NBA draft pick from 2001-2014 who played at least one season of Division 1 NCAA basketball. The data consist of anthropometric measurements (height, wingspan, standing reach, etc.), NBA draft combine results (agility drills, sprint times, etc.) and their college statistics per 40 minutes in their final season of college basketball (points, rebounds, assist-to-turnover ratio, etc.). I then separated the data into seven different sets: aggregate, backcourt, frontcourt, guard, wing, forward, and big. For each of these data sets, I built a predictive model for rookie PER. In doing so, I aimed to gain both a broad understanding of what factors lead to translation of college basketball play to professional play, and also a precise understanding of how those factors change for each distinct position.

Contributors

Created

Date Created
2016-05

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Capping the Competition: An Analysis of the NBA's Player Salary Cap

Description

The NBA operates under a unique system with both forms of the salary cap. The league has a team salary cap that sets a limit that teams can spend on their entire roster. The NBA has a soft cap and

The NBA operates under a unique system with both forms of the salary cap. The league has a team salary cap that sets a limit that teams can spend on their entire roster. The NBA has a soft cap and a luxury tax system, meaning if teams spend over a determined amount, they are taxed for the salaries in excess. The league also has a player salary cap. The 1999 NBA collective bargaining agreement first introduced the individual player salary cap in the league. This cap sets a limit on what the best players can earn, otherwise known as the maximum contract. In an economic system with a soft team cap, the introduction of the player salary cap has important implications. The stated outcome of such a salary cap is to improve competitive balance and better distribute star players throughout the league. This study evaluated the 1990-2015 regular seasons to measure the impact of the player salary cap on competitive balance, the distribution of team payrolls, and the dispersion of star players. In accordance with the Rottenberg's invariance hypothesis, the player salary cap has hurt the players and benefited the owners by redistributing income from one party to the other, without impacting the distribution of talent in the league. The rule change has not affected competitive balance, while team payrolls have converged and star players have become more dispersed throughout the league. These changes hurt the league overall, preventing the maximization of revenues. Despite this inefficiency, the chance of the league moving to eliminate the player salary cap is low.

Contributors

Created

Date Created
2016-12