Matching Items (36)

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Overall Market and Performance Comparison of Coil-over and Air Shock Absorbers

Description

The SAE Baja series is a competition that challenges university student teams on all aspects of designing, building, and testing an all-terrain vehicle. In the competition, the teams present their

The SAE Baja series is a competition that challenges university student teams on all aspects of designing, building, and testing an all-terrain vehicle. In the competition, the teams present their engineering analysis of all components of their vehicle to a panel of professional engineers to show why the team's design is the overall best in performance and in manufacturing cost. Currently Arizona State University's SAE Baja team does not have a method to analyze their vehicle's suspension system, especially on the car's shock absorbers. The current solution to this problem is to change the shock absorber parameters, test drive the car, and repeat the shock absorber tuning until the car is able to produce the performance that the team desires. The following paper introduces and demonstrates three different methods, ADAMS Car, SOLIDWORKS, and MATLAB, that can be used to analyze the suspension system and gather data that can be used in the competition presentation. ADAMS Car is a power software that is used in the automotive and other engineering fields. The program does have a steep learning curve, but once the team is comfortable using it, ADAMS is very helpful with subsystem analysis and full body analysis. SOLIDWORKS can be used to perform motion analysis and drop tests, which can then be exported into ADAMS for further analysis. MATLAB can be used to model the Baja vehicle as a quarter model, which makes it easier for the team to model. Using the methods presented in this paper, ASU's Baja team can test coil-over and air shock absorbers to determine which type is more suitable for the performance and overall cost of the whole vehicle.

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Date Created
  • 2016-12

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Analysis and Simulation of Wiseman Hypocycloid Engine

Description

This research studies an alternative to the slider-crank mechanism for internal combustion engines, which was proposed by the Wiseman Technologies Inc. Their design involved replacing the crankshaft with a hypocycloid

This research studies an alternative to the slider-crank mechanism for internal combustion engines, which was proposed by the Wiseman Technologies Inc. Their design involved replacing the crankshaft with a hypocycloid gear assembly. The unique hypocycloid gear arrangement allowed the piston and connecting rod to move in a straight line creating a perfect sinusoidal motion, without any side loads. In this work, the Wiseman hypocycloid engine was modeled in a commercial engine simulation software and compared to slider-crank engine of the same size. The engine’s performance was studied, while operating on diesel, ethanol, and gasoline fuel. Furthermore, a scaling analysis on the Wiseman engine prototypes was carried out to understand how the performance of the engine is affected by increasing the output power and cylinder displacement.

It was found that the existing 30cc Wiseman engine produced about 7% less power at peak speeds than the slider-crank engine of the same size. These results were concurrent with the dynamometer tests performed in the past. It also produced lower torque and was about 6% less fuel efficient than the slider-crank engine. The four-stroke diesel variant of the same Wiseman engine performed better than the two-stroke gasoline version. The Wiseman engine with a contra piston (that allowed to vary the compression ratio) showed poor fuel efficiency but produced higher torque when operating on E85 fuel. It also produced about 1.4% more power than while running on gasoline. While analyzing effects of the engine size on the Wiseman hypocycloid engine prototypes, it was found that the engines performed better in terms of power, torque, fuel efficiency, and cylinder brake mean effective pressure as the displacement increased. The 30 horsepower (HP) conceptual Wiseman prototype, while operating on E85, produced the most optimum results in all aspects, and the diesel test for the same engine proved to be the most fuel efficient.

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Date Created
  • 2014-12-16

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Soft Robotics: A Quasi-Passive Knee Brace to Assist in Lifting

Description

This research evaluated soft robotic knee brace designs that were intended to reduce the risk of injury, chronic pain, and osteoarthritis in laborers tasked with repetitive lifting. A soft robotic

This research evaluated soft robotic knee brace designs that were intended to reduce the risk of injury, chronic pain, and osteoarthritis in laborers tasked with repetitive lifting. A soft robotic quasi-passive system was proposed due to energy efficiency, comfortability, and weight. The researcher developed three quasi-passive knee brace systems that would store energy when the user attempted a squat lift and release the energy when the user stood up. The first design focused on using clamped layered leaf springs to create an increased resistive force when the user bends at the knee. The researchers found that because of the unideal clamping of the springs the design failed to produce a significant increase to the forces the user experienced. The second design used a change in length of the layered leaf springs to provide a significant change in force. Through simple tests, the researchers found that the design did create a change in force significant enough to warrant further testing of the design in the future. The third and final design was inspired by a previous honors thesis by Ryan Bellman, this design used pre-stretched elastic bands to create an increased bending moment. Through experimental testing, the researchers found that the elastic bands created a factor increase of 8 from a non-loaded test. Further work would include prototyping a knee brace design and developing a method to allow the user to stretch and unstretch the elastic bands at will. In conclusion, design 2 and design 3 have the potential to significantly increase the well being of workers and increase their knee longevity.

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Date Created
  • 2019-05

Personalized Transtibial Prosthesis Aesthetic Cover

Description

This thesis worked towards the development of a parameterized 3D model off a cover that could go over any specific prosthesis depending on the parameters that had been entered. It

This thesis worked towards the development of a parameterized 3D model off a cover that could go over any specific prosthesis depending on the parameters that had been entered. It also focused on gathering user inputs, which was done with the aid of the Amputee Coalition, that could be used to create an aesthetic design on this cover. The Amputee Coalition helped to recruit participants through its website and social media platforms. Finally, multiple methods of creating a design were developed to increase the amount of customization that a user could have for their cover.

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Date Created
  • 2021-05

Personalized Transtibial Prosthesis Aesthetic Cover

Description

This thesis worked towards the development of a parameterized 3D model off a cover that could go over any specific prosthesis depending on the parameters that had been entered. It

This thesis worked towards the development of a parameterized 3D model off a cover that could go over any specific prosthesis depending on the parameters that had been entered. It also focused on gathering user inputs, which was done with the aid of the Amputee Coalition, that could be used to create an aesthetic design on this cover. The Amputee Coalition helped to recruit participants through its website and social media platforms. Finally, multiple methods of creating a design were developed to increase the amount of customization that a user could have for their cover.

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Created

Date Created
  • 2021-05

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Design and analysis of stop-rotor multimode unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV)

Description

The objective of this work is to develop a Stop-Rotor Multimode UAV. This UAV is capable of vertical take-off and landing like a helicopter and can convert from a helicopter

The objective of this work is to develop a Stop-Rotor Multimode UAV. This UAV is capable of vertical take-off and landing like a helicopter and can convert from a helicopter mode to an airplane mode in mid-flight. Thus, this UAV can hover as a helicopter and achieve high mission range of an airplane. The stop-rotor concept implies that in mid-flight the lift generating helicopter rotor stops and rotates the blades into airplane wings. The thrust in airplane mode is then provided by a pusher propeller. The aircraft configuration presents unique challenges in flight dynamics, modeling and control. In this thesis a mathematical model along with the design and simulations of a hover control will be presented. In addition, the discussion of the performance in fixed-wing flight, and the autopilot architecture of the UAV will be presented. Also presented, are some experimental "conversion" results where the Stop-Rotor aircraft was dropped from a hot air balloon and performed a successful conversion from helicopter to airplane mode.

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Created

Date Created
  • 2011

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Non-destructive resonance testing using frequency and time domain techniques

Description

The objective of this thesis was to compare various approaches for classification of the `good' and `bad' parts via non-destructive resonance testing methods by collecting and analyzing experimental data in

The objective of this thesis was to compare various approaches for classification of the `good' and `bad' parts via non-destructive resonance testing methods by collecting and analyzing experimental data in the frequency and time domains. A Laser Scanning Vibrometer was employed to measure vibrations samples in order to determine the spectral characteristics such as natural frequencies and amplitudes. Statistical pattern recognition tools such as Hilbert Huang, Fisher's Discriminant, and Neural Network were used to identify and classify the unknown samples whether they are defective or not. In this work, a Finite Element Analysis software packages (ANSYS 13.0 and NASTRAN NX8.0) was used to obtain estimates of resonance frequencies in `good' and `bad' samples. Furthermore, a system identification approach was used to generate Auto-Regressive-Moving Average with exogenous component, Box-Jenkins, and Output Error models from experimental data that can be used for classification

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Date Created
  • 2013

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Stability and reducibility of quasi-periodic systems

Description

In this work, we focused on the stability and reducibility of quasi-periodic systems. We examined the quasi-periodic linear Mathieu equation of the form x ̈+(ä+ϵ[cost+cosùt])x=0 The stability of solutions of

In this work, we focused on the stability and reducibility of quasi-periodic systems. We examined the quasi-periodic linear Mathieu equation of the form x ̈+(ä+ϵ[cost+cosùt])x=0 The stability of solutions of Mathieu's equation as a function of parameter values (ä,ϵ) had been analyzed in this work. We used the Floquet type theory to generate stability diagrams which were used to determine the bounded regions of stability in the ä-ù plane for fixed ϵ. In the case of reducibility, we first applied the Lyapunov- Floquet (LF) transformation and modal transformation, which converted the linear part of the system into the Jordan form. Very importantly, quasi-periodic near-identity transformation was applied to reduce the system equations to a constant coefficient system by solving homological equations via harmonic balance. In this process we obtained the reducibility/resonance conditions that needed to be satisfied to convert a quasi-periodic system to a constant one.

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Date Created
  • 2012

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Analysis of hardware usage of shuffle instruction based performance optimization in the Blinds-II image quality assessment algorithm

Description

With the advent of GPGPU, many applications are being accelerated by using CUDA programing paradigm. We are able to achieve around 10x -100x speedups by simply porting the application on

With the advent of GPGPU, many applications are being accelerated by using CUDA programing paradigm. We are able to achieve around 10x -100x speedups by simply porting the application on to the GPU and running the parallel chunk of code on its multi cored SIMT (Single instruction multiple thread) architecture. But for optimal performance it is necessary to make sure that all the GPU resources are efficiently used, and the latencies in the application are minimized. For this, it is essential to monitor the Hardware usage of the algorithm and thus diagnose the compute and memory bottlenecks in the implementation. In the following thesis, we will be analyzing the mapping of CUDA implementation of BLIINDS-II algorithm on the underlying GPU hardware, and come up with a Kepler architecture specific solution of using shuffle instruction via CUB library to tackle the two major bottlenecks in the algorithm. Experiments were conducted to convey the advantage of using shuffle instru3ction in algorithm over only using shared memory as a buffer to global memory. With the new implementation of BLIINDS-II algorithm using CUB library, a speedup of around 13.7% was achieved.

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Date Created
  • 2017

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Design of Suction Stabilized Floats for First Responder Localization via Ultra-Wideband (UWB) and Internet of Things (IoT)

Description

Suction stabilized floats have been implemented into a variety of applications such as supporting wind turbines in off-shore wind farms and for stabilizing cargo ships. This thesis proposes an alternative

Suction stabilized floats have been implemented into a variety of applications such as supporting wind turbines in off-shore wind farms and for stabilizing cargo ships. This thesis proposes an alternative use for the technology in creating a system of suction stabilized floats equipped with real time location modules to help first responders establish a localized coordinate system to assist in rescues. The floats create a stabilized platform for each anchor module due to the inverse slack tank effect established by the inner water chamber. The design of the float has also been proven to be stable in most cases of amplitudes and frequencies ranging from 0 to 100 except for when the frequency ranges from 23 to 60 Hz for almost all values of the amplitude. The modules in the system form a coordinate grid based off the anchors that can track the location of a tag module within the range of the system using ultra-wideband communications. This method of location identification allows responders to use the system in GPS denied environments. The system can be accessed through an Android app with Bluetooth communications in close ranges or through internet of things (IoT) using a module as a listener, a Raspberry Pi and an internet source. The system has proven to identify the location of the tag in moderate ranges with an approximate accuracy of the tag location being 15 cm.

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Created

Date Created
  • 2020