Matching Items (8)

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Financial Restructuring: Corporate Finance Advisory in Periods of Distress

Description

Financial distress and restructuring is a core component of the corporate finance advisor's arsenal and is needed in nearly all market conditions, whether recessionary or expansionary. Financial distress means that a company is in present or future danger of not

Financial distress and restructuring is a core component of the corporate finance advisor's arsenal and is needed in nearly all market conditions, whether recessionary or expansionary. Financial distress means that a company is in present or future danger of not being able to pay its financial obligations. There are many market indicators of distress which may include: debt trading significantly below face value, stock price trading at or below $1 per share, and implied negative shareholders' equity on the balance sheet. In order to remedy financial distress, the debtor and its creditors seek to hire investment banks specializing in financial restructuring to help fix the debtors's capital structure and possibly navigate through a bankruptcy process. Stephen Moyer describes financial restructuring as "the process of transforming a firm's capital structure to better fit the current and/or future circumstances of the firm" (53). The way that this is accomplished is reducing the debtor's liabilities in order to accurately reflect asset value. Liabilities may be adjusted in out-of-court restructuring agreements or in-court bankruptcy restructurings. The former is often quite difficult considering the hostile nature of the situation and competing interests but is preferred if possible. The latter is most common but also usually both lengthy and expensive. In most cases, the liabilities will be exchanged for new liabilities or equity, providing the creditors with some form of recovery, and leaving the debtor in a healthier position post-emergence. In order to put myself into the shoes of a financial restructuring advisor, I conducted a technical case study on Eastman-Kodak by recreating a financial model depicting possible returns to creditors and emergence from bankruptcy. This model is depicted within the thesis.

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Date Created
2018-12

A Closer Look at Axon Enterprise

Description

Axon Enterprise, Inc. is a publicly traded company founded in Scottsdale, Arizona in 1993. The company went public on June 7th, 2001. The inspiration for this topic is our interest in equity research. We believe that understanding how to fundamentally

Axon Enterprise, Inc. is a publicly traded company founded in Scottsdale, Arizona in 1993. The company went public on June 7th, 2001. The inspiration for this topic is our interest in equity research. We believe that understanding how to fundamentally research a company is not only beneficial for our careers, but for our own personal financial learning. One thing that stood out about Axon was its dominant control of the stun gun market. Axon captures around 90%.. Because of this, we wanted to dive deeper. Surely, this has to be a good investment. What company owns almost all of the market share but isn’t a good investment? In our heads, none. But that wasn’t enough. We wanted to dive deeper and examine the fundamental business mechanisms of the firm to determine for ourselves why this is, and why we believe the company really does have tremendous growth potential. By connecting with Axon executives, developing an investment thesis, and understanding the fundamental business drivers behind Axon, we will develop a thorough understanding of Axon’s financial standing. Our goals; fundamental analysis of Axon, determine a one year price target, convince readers that Axon is a rewarding and appealing investment opportunity.

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Date Created
2019-05

Merger Arbitrage: Risk, Return, Replication and Simulation

Description

This paper discusses merger arbitrage as a trading strategy, the benefits of allocating it into a diversified portfolio, and a method of replicating its returns through an alternative investment strategy (writing uncovered index put options). It discusses the approach

This paper discusses merger arbitrage as a trading strategy, the benefits of allocating it into a diversified portfolio, and a method of replicating its returns through an alternative investment strategy (writing uncovered index put options). It discusses the approach to implementation, along with the risk and reward profile of the strategy. The paper entitled Characteristics of Risk and Return in Merger arbitrage is used as a basis for the research approach. An up-to-date time series analysis is constructed utilizing the HFRMAI index (a hedge fund index that mirrors a sizable sample of merger risk arbitrage transactions) as a benchmark for testing the effectiveness of the replication strategy (PUT index). Lastly, a live merger arbitrage strategy is executed on a current M&A transaction (the LVMH and Tiffany & Co. acquisition) to assess the acquirer and target firms’ stock volatility and profits or losses.

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Created

Date Created
2021-05

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THREE DECADES OF FINANCIAL CRISES: WHAT IS REALLY TO BLAME?

Description

The United States has experienced a financial crisis every ten years for the past three decades. Investors, financial institutions, and government officials fear these moments because of how negative the experience is and the strain it puts on the nation’s

The United States has experienced a financial crisis every ten years for the past three decades. Investors, financial institutions, and government officials fear these moments because of how negative the experience is and the strain it puts on the nation’s financial markets. Analyzing the financial crises of 1987, 1997 and 2008 shows what is to blame for the chaotic times that happened. In all these instances, human actions set up the occurrences that allowed a crash to take place. Each crash is different in their own respect; however, greed, procrastination and a herd mentality are the biggest reappearing trends in each ten-year cycle. Human nature helped escalate each of these crises as well, making them worse than they might have been.

It is important to know why financial crises happen every ten years since the United States is approaching what could be the next ten-year cycle. However, 2019 could be the year the financial markets escape past trends, but that will not happen without understanding why past crises have taken place. If humans stop creating the occurrences for a crisis, there will be nothing for human nature to escalate and make worse. The more independence and knowledge investors and financial institutions have, the easier it will be to stop the occurrences that create a crisis every ten years. This thesis explores why human actions are really to blame for the financial crises the United States’ markets have experienced, and why human nature is to blame for escalating the crisis experienced. Moving forward, if humans can stop creating the occurrences for a financial crisis, the markets can be changed for the better.

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Date Created
2019-05

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Comparing the Performance of Publicly Traded REITs: Low Price to FFO vs. High Price to FFO

Description

This thesis is broken up into two parts: a research paper and a creative project. The paper provides an overview of the REIT universe as well as important historical and legal information about REITs. The creative project explores how REIT

This thesis is broken up into two parts: a research paper and a creative project. The paper provides an overview of the REIT universe as well as important historical and legal information about REITs. The creative project explores how REIT performance varied based on valuation multiples during a five-month period from October of 2021 to March of 2022. My initial objective was to determine whether a “growth” or “value” investment strategy worked best in the current market. However, I quickly discovered that the prevailing market conditions were far different than I expected. As a result, I gained valuable insight into how REITs behave during periods of market uncertainty.

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Created

Date Created
2022-05

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Optimizing Player Contracts for Major League Baseball Teams

Description

This thesis aims to develop a new way to value players for all teams in the MLB, despite the financial disparity. Displayed in the rest of this paper, is a player valuation model created around each team's salary level, focusing

This thesis aims to develop a new way to value players for all teams in the MLB, despite the financial disparity. Displayed in the rest of this paper, is a player valuation model created around each team's salary level, focusing on player’s offensive output. The model functions in a way that values players by their ability to help their team score runs and win games by setting parameters for salary expectations based on player performance. This allows for small market MLB teams, like the Cleveland Guardians, to build a roster of players around their specific salary limit, specifically to score the maximum runs and win games. On the contrary, the model also works for big market teams, like the Los Angeles Dodger, allowing them to project their larger salary limit to players and build their ideal roster as well.

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Created

Date Created
2022-05

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Optimizing Player Contracts for Major League Baseball Organizations

Description

This thesis aims to develop a new way to value players for all teams in the MLB, despite the financial disparity. Displayed in the rest of this paper, is a player valuation model created around each team's salary level, focusing

This thesis aims to develop a new way to value players for all teams in the MLB, despite the financial disparity. Displayed in the rest of this paper, is a player valuation model created around each team's salary level, focusing on the player’s offensive output. The model functions in a way that values players by their ability to help their team score runs and win games by setting parameters for salary expectations based on player performance. This allows for small market MLB teams, like the Cleveland Guardians, to build a roster of players around their specific salary limit, specifically to score the maximum runs and win games. On the contrary, the model also works for big market teams, like the Los Angeles Dodger, allowing them to project their larger salary limit to players and build their ideal roster as well.

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Agent

Created

Date Created
2022-05

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Analysis of Early Stage SBICs and Reasons for Program Ending

Description

This paper examines the the Small Business Investment Company ("SBIC") program and the Early Stage SBIC program specifically. Fund economics were analyzed and compared to structural details of the program to determine the major factors in the ending of the Early Stage program.

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Created

Date Created
2021-12