Matching Items (35)

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The Impact of Partnership Adoption on Employees’ Awareness of Risk Control and Job Engagement: Evidence from a Securities Company in China

Description

This study investigates the impact of a specific organizational form – partnership – on employees’ awareness of risk control and job engagement in securities companies. Given that their organizational performance

This study investigates the impact of a specific organizational form – partnership – on employees’ awareness of risk control and job engagement in securities companies. Given that their organizational performance relies heavily on the performance of individual employees, it is critical for securities companies in China to adopt appropriate organizational forms so that they can better captalize on their employees’ human capital to cope with the increasingly intense market competition. Partnership, as one of the few organizational forms, has been widely adopted in industries that rely on the performance of individuals, such as law, auditing, consulting, and investment banking, around the world. In the context of China’s emerging economy, it has also been adopted as an incentive system by market leaders across several industries, including Alibaba in online shopping, Vanke in real estate, and Fosun in investments. In contrast, partnership has not been adopted or implemented by securities companies in China as most of them are still state-owned enterprises.

Based on my review of the corporate governance literature and qualitative analysis of partnership adoption in China, I propose that partnership can help better alighn the interests of employees with owners in securities companies as well. Specifically, the prospect of becoming a partner in the future can improve employees’ awareness of risk control and increase their job engagement. Taking advantage of partnership adoption at a Chinese securities company as a natural field experienment, I surveyed its employees about their awareness of risk contrl and job dedication before and after the adoption. The results from 505 matched surveys showed an increase in the average scores of both awareness of risk control and job dedication after the company adopted partnership as a new organizational form. Findings of this study have important implications for organizational and incentive design for securities companies in China.

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Date Created
  • 2018

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新三板挂牌企业融资偏好及融资效率研究

Description

本文选取当前在学界和业界关注度较高的“新三板”企业作为研究对象,从融资效率和融资偏好角度实证了新三板企业当前的运行状况,补充了资本结构和融资效率的研究文献。利用二元选择回归以及分位数回归方法,探究了内部融资、债务融资以及权益融资偏好的影响因素。本文发现:1)对于内部融资,企业资产负债率越低、经营能力越强、盈利能力越好、抵押品越少以及公司成长性高的企业更倾向于使用内部融资,资产负债率对内部融资的负面影响边际增大;2)对于债务融资,资产负债率越低、盈利能力越好、经营能力越强、抵押品越多、公司成长性高的企业更倾向于使用债务融资;3)对于权益融资,盈利能力较差、经营能力较弱的企业更倾向于使用权益融资,而资本结构以及公司成长性对权益融资没有影响。分位数回归也发现,盈利能力、现金状况、总资产周转率、资产流动性、非债务税盾、民营企业以及公司成长性等变量对权益融资的影响较为稳定,提示公司的特征变量对权益融资并没有明显的主导作用。在融资效率上,本文也发现:1)于2012年挂牌新三板的企业整体融资效率不高,DEA融资效率为有效的企业占比仅为10%左右;但融资效率在逐年持续改善,表现出一个较好的发展势头。并且,对于做市转让的企业来说,2014年由协议转让改为做市转让以后,融资相对有效的企业数量增长明显快于协议转让企业,表明采用做市转让的企业融资效率优于采用协议转让的企业。2)市场整体融资规模并未达到挂牌企业的需求,导致一半以上企业尚未达到最优的生产经营状态,仍需要资金来增加生产资料的投入,以扩大生产规模获取规模收益。对于做市转让的企业来说,在2014年由协议转让改为做市转让以后,规模报酬递增的企业数量占比下降更快,表明做市转让制度要比协议转让制度从融资效率角度更能满足新三板企业的融资需求。

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Date Created
  • 2019

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民营企业员工工作幸福感可控前因及绩效后果研究

Description

摘要

在复杂多变的商业环境中,企业传统的人力资源管理已经难以应对日益频发的员工职业倦怠、人际间矛盾冲突、频繁跳槽等局面与问题。企业员工工作的价值与意义早已不再是传统的雇佣模式下,通过出卖劳动力或智力从而获得工资以实现“养家糊口”的目的那么单纯与简单,员工也希望通过辛勤的工作,以获得个体的幸福感、荣誉感与认同感等。对于现代企业的管理者而言,员工追求事业的提升、个人价值的实现,不仅体现在薪酬、福利待遇的提升,更重要的是员工个人的成长以及潜能和竞争力的提升。

随着组织行为学和心理学的不断发展与演变,与员工幸福感相关的研究备受关注。对现代企业而言,管理者借助制度设计对员工幸福积极管理,可以最大限度地发挥员工的积极性、主动性与创造性,实现员工与企业之间的利益相趋同,从而更为高效地实现组织的目标。基于此,本文以民营企业员工工作幸福感作为研究的切入点,借助理论分析、问卷调查和实证分析相结合的研究方法,系统深入地研究我国民营企业员工工作幸福感的构成、可控前因和绩效后果等问题。

本文研究发现:

第一,员工薪酬的提高有助于员工工作幸福感的提升,薪资对基层员工幸福感的影响显著高于其对高层员工幸福感的影响;

第二,完善的晋升机制对于中层员工而言更能提升其幸福感,完善的晋升机制更有利于中层员工;

第三,公平性的提高有助于提高员工工作幸福感,而且这种正效应更多体现在基层员工群体之中;

第四,高层员工更注重自我价值的实现,高层员工的工作挑战性越高,其自我实现需求获得的满足感则约高,但是对于基层员工和中层员工而言,其效果则恰恰相反,基础员工和高层员工更多地将工作挑战性和压力看作是一种负面的因素;

第五,员工幸福感的确会给企业带来正向的绩效。

本文的研究框架和实证结论不仅可以丰富学术界有关员工工作幸福感的研究,而且为企业管理者进行绩效管理以及员工工作质量的提升提供理论和实证借鉴。

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Created

Date Created
  • 2019

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从资源配置角度研究中国商品期货市场有效性

Description

中国商品期货市场经历30年发展,已初备协调资源分配、对冲经营风险的功能。但受产业自身和期货市场发展的制约,各期货品种市场有效性参差不齐。随着我国经济从增量阶段过渡到存量阶段,期货作为企业的价格管理和风险控制工具的重要性日益凸显,因此研究我国商品期货市场有效性具有非常好的现实意义。

本文开创性的从期货的基本功能——资源配置的角度出发,提出有效市场是指其期货价格能够对本行业社会资源起到合理的调配作用的市场。在内容安排上,本文首先总结了现有国际成熟期货品种的特点并找出能够反映期货对资源配置能力的四个指标假说,分别为期现回归性、利润波动性、库存波动性以及现金流变化,然后通过数学模型证明指标数据和品种成熟度的关联,最后应用该套指标对我国商品市场有效性进行检验。数学方法上,本文先采用Bai-Perron内生多重结构突变模型对时间序列进行突变点检验,然后对断点时间序列分别进行多元回归,并在剔除季节性和周期性后,通过平稳性检验、ARCH效应检验结果来确定相应的Garch模型,并用Garch模型来描述时间序列的波动性。

通过数学验证,我们认为期现回归性、利润波动性、库存波动性以及现金流变化这四个指标可以作为反映期货成熟度的检验指标,用该套方法对国内部分活跃品种检验后发现大连豆粕期货已经具备成熟品种的特征,本文认为豆粕期货市场是有效的;PTA、玉米淀粉期货的四个检验指标在近年来表现出时间序列优化的特点,但因时间较短尚不稳定,可以认为是接近成熟的品种;而螺纹钢和铝期货在多数指标上表现不佳,表明他们对社会资源配置能力较差,因此本文认为螺纹钢和铝期货市场是活跃但非有效的。通过进一步分析,本文认为品种的期现回归性差是制约其资源配置能力发挥的关键因素,而交易标的不明确、

仓单制作难度大、产业参与度低以及期货设计中的其他限制因素又是导致期现回归性差的重要原因。

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Date Created
  • 2019

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Ownership Structure And Executive Compensation Design – An Empirical Study

Description

In accordance with the Principal Agent Theory, Property Right Theory, Incentive Theory, and Human Capital Theory, firms face agency problems due to “separation of ownership and management”, which call for

In accordance with the Principal Agent Theory, Property Right Theory, Incentive Theory, and Human Capital Theory, firms face agency problems due to “separation of ownership and management”, which call for effective corporate governance. Ownership structure is a core element of the corporate governance. The differences in ownership structures thus may result in differential incentives in governance through the selection of senior management and in the design of senior management compensation system. This thesis investigates four firms with four different types of ownership structures: a public listed firm with the controlling interest by the state, a public listed firm with a non-state-owned controlling interest, a public listed firm a family-owned controlling interest, and a Sino-foreign joint venture firm. By using a case study approach, I focus on two dimensions of ownership structure characteristics – ownership diversification and differences in property rights so as to document whether there are systematic differences in governance participation and executive compensation design. Specifically, I focused on whether such differences are reflected in management selection (which is linked to adverse selection and moral hazard problems) and in compensation design (the choices of performance measurements, performance pay, and in stock option or restricted stock). The results are consistent with my expectation – the nature of ownership structure does affect senior management compensation design. Policy implications are discussed accordingly.

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Created

Date Created
  • 2015

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Quantitative Research on the Return of Private Seasoned Equity Offerings: Evidence from China

Description

This paper quantitatively analyses the relation between the return of private

seasoned equity offerings and variables of market and firm characteristics in China Ashare

market. A multiple-factor linear regression model is constructed

This paper quantitatively analyses the relation between the return of private

seasoned equity offerings and variables of market and firm characteristics in China Ashare

market. A multiple-factor linear regression model is constructed to estimate this

relation and the result canhelp investors to determine the future return of private

placement stocks.

In this paper, I first review past theories about private placement stocks, including how

the large shareholder participation, the discount of private offerings, the firm

characteristics, and the investment on firm value will affect the return of private

offerings.

According to the past literature, I propose four main factors that may affect the

return of private placement. They are the large shareholders participation in private

placement; the discount that private placement could offer; the characteristics of the

companies that offer a private placement and the intrinsic value of such companies. I

adopt statistic and correlational analysis to test the impact of each factor. Then,

according to this single-factor analysis, I set up a multiple-factor linear regression model

on private seasoned equity offerings return in Chapter Four.

In the last two chapters, I apply this quantitative model to other fields. I use this

model to testify current financial products of private placement and develop investmen

strategies on stocks with private seasoned equity offerings in secondary market. My

quantitative strategy is useful according to the result of setback test.

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Agent

Created

Date Created
  • 2017

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A Study of The Relationship between Brand Positioning and Brand Value

Description

It is important and with significant practical value to study how positioning may help enhance a company’s brand value and improve a company’s profitability. It is especially essential to find

It is important and with significant practical value to study how positioning may help enhance a company’s brand value and improve a company’s profitability. It is especially essential to find suitable solution to help Chinese enterprises appropriately position their brands, evaluate brand value, and adopt suitable positioning strategy.

The purpose of this paper is to clarify the impact of positioning on brand value through several case studies and empirical research, and to establish the relationship between positioning and brand value. At the same time, through determination of research topics and conduction of field studies, the paper ultimately verified the relationship between the internal theoretical prediction and the business management outcomes.

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Created

Date Created
  • 2016

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中国跨地域人群风险偏好对海外投资的影响分析

Description

理性决策理论基于“完全理性”假定,追求帕累托最优即个体的利益最大化。但是实际决策过程中,人的行为具备“有意识的理性,但这种理性又是有限的”,投资者也是并不是完全理性、同质的。海外投资也是如此,其背景特征诸如地域、性格、年龄、财富等特征都会对海外投资决策产生重大的影响,其程度大小势必也会因投资者背景特征的差异有所不同。考虑到投资者风险偏好与海外投资活动的关系鲜有文献涉及,笔者愿意做“第一个吃螃蟹的人”,选取该视角展开论述。

本文首先对前人的研究进行总结,概述了风险偏好的理论和偏好水平的度量办法,并总结了风险偏好对海外投资影响的理论基础,即决策理论和有限理性与行为经济学理论,为本文的研究奠定了坚实的理论基础。

其次,开展了问卷调查,对小城市城镇人群、二三线大城市人群、一线大城市人群、海外华人群体等不同地域的25-60岁之间的人群作为调查对象,回收了有效问卷3748份,并就问卷结果进行了描述性分析。发现跨地域人群有着不同的投资需求,小城市城镇人群整体来说对于海外投资需求较低;二三线大城市人群对海外投资不抗拒且具备一定研究和分析能力;一线大城市人群26%已考虑移民或大量海外投资,对海外投资产品有很强的分析能力;海外华人群体38%已考虑移民或大量海外投资,对于各类海外投资产品的接触机会很多。

再次,本文对风险偏好水平进行综合评价和度量。在此基础上,设定了研究变量和研究模型,采用回归分析的方法,对跨地域人群风险偏好、跨地域人群风险偏好对海外投资影响两块进行了实证分析,并验证了相关假设。本文认为,跨地域人群具有较为明显的风险偏好,其中一线城市人群风险偏好最高,高于海外华人群体,高于二三线大城市人群和小城市城镇人群。基于教育水平、财富程度和信息获取的风险偏好对海外投资影响的实证分析结果显示,风险偏好越高的区域,海外投资总额越多。充分验证了跨地域人群不同的风险偏好,以及风险偏好对海外投资的显著正向影响关系。最后,本文针对实证结果提出了相应的对策建议。

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Created

Date Created
  • 2019

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影响融资租赁公司与承租中小企业的双向匹配的因素

Description

本研究旨在讨论融资租赁公司与承租的中小企之间的匹配因素。研究从融资租赁的实际业务流程切入,研究1对H公司进行了案例分析,得到基本的影响因素结果,继而研究2和研究3分别在中小企客户和融资租赁公司两类资料中独立展开分析,并比较这些因素的影响程度。研究结果发现了影响双向匹配的四个维度,以及在各自影响力的不同。研究最后分别对融资租赁公司和承租中小企提出了建议,以期提高双方匹配并达成业务的概率。

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Created

Date Created
  • 2019

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The significance of non-financial information to the operation of commercial banks: community banking as an example

Description

In this thesis I examine the opportunities and challenges faced by the community banks in China. Rooted in the local communities, community banks generally focus on serving the local residents,

In this thesis I examine the opportunities and challenges faced by the community banks in China. Rooted in the local communities, community banks generally focus on serving the local residents, farmers, and micro and small business enterprises (MSBE) through relationship building. Although community banks tend to be small relative to the other financial institutions, their unique market positions and business strategies have helped them to survive the competition and secure some market shares. Thus, it is important to understand the business strategies of community banks and to explore their future business opportunities and challenges.

I first provide a brief overview about the importance of local communities, community economy, and community banking, on the basis of an analysis about mismatch in the demand and supply of community financial services due to information asymmetry. Next, I review and analyze how commercial banks have utilized different types of information in their operations. I classify the information used by commercial banks into different categories and discuss their importance to the operations of commercial banks. After that, I conduct a case analysis to illustrate the role of non-financial information in the development of community banks’ business strategy. I conclude this thesis with a discussion of how community banks can better utilize data analysis to develop their core competencies in the era of “Big Data”.

Contributors

Agent

Created

Date Created
  • 2015