Matching Items (18)

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新三板挂牌企业融资偏好及融资效率研究

Description

本文选取当前在学界和业界关注度较高的“新三板”企业作为研究对象,从融资效率和融资偏好角度实证了新三板企业当前的运行状况,补充了资本结构和融资效率的研究文献。利用二元选择回归以及分位数回归方法,探究了内部融资、债务融资以及权益融资偏好的影响因素。本文发现:1)对于内部融资,企业资产负债率越低、经营能力越强、盈利能力越好、抵押品越少以及公司成长性高的企业更倾向于使用内部融资,资产负债率对内部融资的负面影响边际增大;2)对于债务融资,资产负债率越低、盈利能力越好、经营能力越强、抵押品越多、公司成长性高的企业更倾向于使用债务融资;3)对于权益融资,盈利能力较差、经营能力较弱的企业更倾向于使用权益融资,而资本结构以及公司成长性对权益融资没有影响。分位数回归也发现,盈利能力、现金状况、总资产周转率、资产流动性、非债务税盾、民营企业以及公司成长性等变量对权益融资的影响较为稳定,提示公司的特征变量对权益融资并没有明显的主导作用。在融资效率上,本文也发现:1)于2012年挂牌新三板的企业整体融资效率不高,DEA融资效率为有效的企业占比仅为10%左右;但融资效率在逐年持续改善,表现出一个较好的发展势头。并且,对于做市转让的企业来说,2014年由协议转让改为做市转让以后,融资相对有效的企业数量增长明显快于协议转让企业,表明采用做市转让的企业融资效率优于采用协议转让的企业。2)市场整体融资规模并未达到挂牌企业的需求,导致一半以上企业尚未达到最优的生产经营状态,仍需要资金来增加生产资料的投入,以扩大生产规模获取规模收益。对于做市转让的企业来说,在2014年由协议转让改为做市转让以后,规模报酬递增的企业数量占比下降更快,表明做市转让制度要比协议转让制度从融资效率角度更能满足新三板企业的融资需求。

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  • 2019

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The Research of Improving State-backed Private Equity’s Competitiveness

Description

Accompanying with the development of economy system and the completion of legal framework, Chinese domestic PE industry not only transfused vigor and vividness to capital market, but also generated contribution

Accompanying with the development of economy system and the completion of legal framework, Chinese domestic PE industry not only transfused vigor and vividness to capital market, but also generated contribution to substantial economy with a rapid pace in recent decades.

Depending on the first move advantage and an affinity with Chinese government, PE industry initially was led by state-owned enterprises. However, these non-market-oriented PE institutions confronted challenge from the perspective of culture, structure and mechanism and crises of outflow of human capital and lacking capability of sustainable development while private section and foreign capital enter the market.

Based on the figure of PE investment and the pattern of historical development in foreign and domestic market, this article specifically analyzed the history of state-backed PE industry‘s development and both advantage and disadvantage of state-backed PE institutions according to real cases intending to improve the competitive strength of state-backed enterprises and to promote a state-backed PE institutions to world-class enterprises through the application of a multi-dimensional stock equity structure, the advantage in accessibility of resource as state-backed enterprises, a market-oriented system and the ability of key staffs.

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Date Created
  • 2015

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The Impact of Government Subsidy on R&D Input of Enterprises

Description

Although China’s economy has experienced fast growth over the years, it is also characterized by a lack of innovative products and slow development of advanced production technologies. A main reason

Although China’s economy has experienced fast growth over the years, it is also characterized by a lack of innovative products and slow development of advanced production technologies. A main reason for this problem is insufficient investments in research and development (R&D) activities by Chinese firms. Because of the potential externality and free-rider effects, the economics literature has long suggested that the private sector tends to underinvest in R&D without governmental interventions. The weak protection of intellectual property rights in China makes the problem of underinvestment in R&D even worse. In this situation, it becomes increasingly important for the government to provide incentives such as subsidies on R&D investments, given that R&D investments are critical to the development of new technologies and the sustainable growth of the economy.

In this study I investigate how governmental subsidies on R&D influence Chinese firms’ R&D investments and performance. Specifically, I want to find out (1) whether governmental subsidies promote or hinder firms’ R&D investments, and (2) whether governmental subsidies have differential effects on financial performance across different types of firms. My goal is to better understand the effects of governmental subsidies on Chinese firms. To achieve this goal, I first conduct an extensive review of the relevant literature and then develop a conceptual model about the determinants of governmental subsidies on R&D in China. Next, I conduct empirical analysis using data collected from all the firms listed in the Shanghai Stock Changes and Shenzhen Stock Exchanges during the period of 2009 to 2012. Overall, my findings show that governmental subsidies on R&D have a positive impact on R&D investments by the listed firms. Meanwhile, I find that this positive impact varies significantly across different types of firms, particularly among firms that are still largely owned by the state. I conclude this study with a discussion of its implications for governmental policies on R&D investments.

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Date Created
  • 2015

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An Analysis of Firm’s Diversification and Transformation Through Mergers and Acquisitions

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Mergers and acquisitions (M&As) have been playing a very significant role in the capital market. Many companies regard mergers and acquisitions as an important way for their business expansion

Mergers and acquisitions (M&As) have been playing a very significant role in the capital market. Many companies regard mergers and acquisitions as an important way for their business expansion and transformation. This paper begins with a review of literature on firm’s motivations of and outcomes in M&A, and followed by a critical examination of three case studies of actual M&A transactions based on the insights provided from the literature review. For each case study, a firm’s motivations and related managerial initiatives for M&A activities were examined, followed by an assessment of the firm’s post M&A performance results. This allows the study to discerns the insights of why and how a firm proceed in its M&A transactions from its strategic intent to its post M&A managerial actions. Collectively, the results show that the key drivers for a firm’s M&A successes rest on a firm’s abilities to manage the M&A activities consistent with its strategic intent (e.g., creating synergies or transformation through diversification) and followed by its post M&A integration efforts in achieving its strategic intent.

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Date Created
  • 2018

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The Source of Senior Management in the Branches of China’s City Commercial Bank: Internal Training or External Introduction

Description

China's city commercial banks were reorganized by the urban credit cooperatives in the same city in the 1990s. Although they are allowed to open branches outside the registered city, the

China's city commercial banks were reorganized by the urban credit cooperatives in the same city in the 1990s. Although they are allowed to open branches outside the registered city, the location and the number of their branches have been strictly restricted. It is fatal to them to increase the competitiveness of their branches. Based on the diversity theory and its mechanism, in this study I examined the impact of source diversity of the senior management in the branches of the city commercial bank on the branches’ productivity and their asset yield. Invoking the resource-based theory and the social capital framework, the source diversity lead to the organization resources diversity and the organization knowledge diversity. The results demonstrate that the source diversity contribute to the branches’ competitiveness advantage. Both internal trained personnel and external introduction personnel are important for the branches’ top management team. But one of the two kinds of personnel is more suitable to their middle management team.

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Date Created
  • 2017

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Research on the Liquidity of China Treasury Futures Market

Description

Given the "New Nine Measures" for capital market reform, a policy document issued by the State Council of China, the development of markets for interest rate derivatives, such as treasury

Given the "New Nine Measures" for capital market reform, a policy document issued by the State Council of China, the development of markets for interest rate derivatives, such as treasury futures, becomes an increasingly important task. Several shortcomings of the existing treasury futures market have been noted: including low market liquidity, singular investor composition, restrict contract terms, and low hedging demand.

This study contributes to a better understanding of the treasury futures market by analyzing changes in China treasury futures market regulations and their impact on market liquidity of treasury futures. Found that compared with the mature market, China treasury futures market exists liquidity shortage, the trading system, market structure and the division of regulatory are factors which influence the liquidity of China treasury futures market.

This study found that reducing transaction costs for further optimization of the width and depth of China treasury futures market are not obvious by using quantitative analysis method, expanding the smallest change price can optimize the market depth, reducing transaction costs and expanding smallest change price can optimize the immediacy, volume and hosting amount. In addition, the bond market will also influence the treasury futures market, the price fluctuations and the morphology of the yield curve of bond market have significant influence on width, depth and holdings of market.

The system of China treasury futures market needs to be optimized by expanding the smallest change price and reducing transaction costs. The market structure needs to be optimized by establishing unified bond market and enriching investor structure.

These findings have significant theoretical and practical implications. The study also provides policy recommendations for the design and establishment of treasury futures market to the regulatory agencies.

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Date Created
  • 2016

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香港IPO中超额配售选择权实际效用的实证研究

Description

本文采用2010年1月1日至2017年12月31日在香港主板IPO上市的共574家公司作为研究样本,系统采集包括与发行人、承销商、投资人、发行热度、市场每日交易数据等相关的数据近100项,对超额配售选择权在香港IPO中的实际效用进行实证研究,研究发现:1)超额配售选择的确可以起到提高发行价格,降低IPO抑价率的作用,但是同时也是破发的主要原因。2)由超额配售选择权赋予承销商稳价行为中,市场买入量越大,最大回撤越大,市场下跌风险越大同时超额配售选择权还导致了最大回撤日的推后,增大了稳价结束后的市场风险,而这很有可能是由于承销商追求更高利益造成的。3)没有证据显示,超额配售选择权会降低承销商的佣金比例,但是,超额配售选择权却为承销商带来非常高的额外收益,而这个收益与市场下跌幅度和承销商从市场购买股份的比例直接相关。

其中,本文首次对最大回撤率、最大回撤日与承销商市场买入量之间的关系进行实证研究,揭示了承销商市场买入量与承销商收益正相关,与最大回撤率负相关,与最大回撤日正相关的关系,可能是增加市场下跌风险的因素。这与现有理论中及监管机构的预期中,“超额配售选择权具有向上稳定价格的作用”是有一定偏差的。

根据研究结果,本文首先建议发行人要客观对待超额配售选择权提升发行价格的作用,以免引起破发。其次建议市场投资人要客观认识超额配售选择权的作用,不要由于超额配售选择权的存在给与发行过高的认同价格。再次建议发行人要能够认识到超额配售选择权是承销商零成本获得的一个有固定收益保障的看空期权,是承销商在承销IPO时的收益之一,而股价下跌幅度与承销商的收益正相关。因此要对承销商的稳价行为进行一定管控,同时可以因为超额配售选择权的存在而要求更低的承销佣金比例。最后建议承销商要维护市场公平,爱护自己的声誉,尽可能避免因超额配售选择权的使用对市场造成不应有的干扰。

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Date Created
  • 2019

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医疗器械产品差异度对市值的影响

Description

基于中国人口老龄化加速、目前人均医疗支出偏低和国内医疗器械企业以中低端产品

为主的局面,中国的医疗器械行业正面临着巨大的发展机遇,投融资活动将迎来爆发式增

长。 在此背景下, 医疗器械企业的估值研究对投融资双方都有较大的意义。

我们假设医疗器械公司的产品差异度对其公司的估值有正面影响。

产品差异度定义为:该产品区别于其他竞争性产品的独特性,由以下六个方面构成:

产品唯一性水平、先进性(器械类别、优秀国产医疗设备个数、产品的专利化程度)、利润

边际和其市场容量,并对此用 12 个指标做出了定量的估计。本研究主要的数据来源是上市

的医疗器械公司,因为这些公司的相关数据取得比较容易且数据客观性较强。我们使用一

般回归分析测量产品差异度与公司估值之间的关系。在得出正面的回归结果之后, 我们采

用双重差分分析(DID)方法,验证实际情形下新产品相关信息发布对公司股价波动的影响。

根据回归分析结果:

1、 “产生营收的产品唯一性水平”和“边际利润”与市值有显著相关性: 说明医疗器械

类企业确实是核心产品驱动发展的, 产品唯一性程度高(已剔除那些已逐渐被市场淘汰的

产品) 说明市场定价能力强, 边际利润率高,盈利能力强, 进而对公司估值形成正面影

响。

2、 “”净利润“和”“互联网概念”与市值也呈现显著相关性。净利润的相关性是显而易见

的。互联网概念的相关性体现了互联网+医疗成为近几年市场的风口。

iv

3、 其他一些指标未呈现明显的相关性,有可能是因为我们的数据量太少引起的, 也

有可能还有其他未在我们考虑范围内的因素导致的,也可能是因为中国目前的股票市场还

未到达半强式有效市场。这可能对其他行业的影响也是如此。

在后面进行的实证分析中, 除个别情况外,我们发现公司重磅新产品相关信息的发布

基本上对公司之后 1-30 个交易日的股价起到了较明显的推动作用。

关键词: 产品差异度 医疗器械行业 公司估值

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Date Created
  • 2018

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Investment Style and Performance Attribution Analysis on Chinese A Share Market

Description

With the fast development of Chinese capital market, an increasing number of institutions and retail investors invest through professional managers. The key to evaluating investment manager’s skill and performance persistence

With the fast development of Chinese capital market, an increasing number of institutions and retail investors invest through professional managers. The key to evaluating investment manager’s skill and performance persistence largely lies in portfolio style research and attribution analysis.

The current dissertation takes advantage of a unique dataset, uncover hidden investment style and trading behavior, understanding their source of excess returns, and establishing a more comprehensive methodology for evaluating portfolio performance and manager skills.

The dissertation focuses on quantitative analysis. Highlights three most important aspects. Investment style determines the systematic returns and risks of any portfolio, and can be assessed ex-ante; Transaction can be observed and modified during the investment process; and return attribution can be implemented to evaluate portfolio (managers), ex-post. Hence, these three elements make up a comprehensive and logical investment process.

Investment style is probably the most important factor in determining portfolio returns. However, Chinese investment managers are under constant pressure to follow the market trend and shift style accordingly. Therefore, accurately identifying and predicting each manager’s investment style proves critically valuable.

In addition, transaction data probably provides the most reliable source of information in observing and evaluating an investment manager’s style and strategy, in the middle of the investment process.

Despite the efficacy of traditional return attribution methodology, there are clear limitations. The current study proposes a novel return attribution methodology, by synthesizing major portfolio strategy components, such as risk exposure adjustment, sector rotation, stock selection, altogether. Our novel methodology reveals that investment managers do not obtain much abnormal returns through risk exposure adjustment or sector rotation. Instead, Chinese investment managers seem to enjoy most of their excess returns through stock selection.

In addition, we find several interesting patterns in Chinese A-share market: 1). There is a negative relationship between asset under management (AUM) and investment performance, beyond certain AUM threshold; 2). There are limited benefits from style switching in the long run; 3). Many investment managers use CSI 300 component stocks as portfolio ballast and speculate with CSI500 and Medium-and-Small board component stocks for excess returns; 4). There is no systematic negative relationship between portfolio turnover and investment performance; despite negative relationship within certain sub-samples and sectors; 5). It is plausible to construct out-performing portfolios with style index funds and ETFs.

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Date Created
  • 2016

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The Performance Effects of Cross-Industry Mergers and Acquisitions at Firms Listed in China’s Growth Enterprises Market

Description

This study investigates the performance effects of cross-industry mergers and acquisitions (M&A) using a sample of firms listed in China’s Growth Entrepreses Market (GEM). Compared to firms listed in the

This study investigates the performance effects of cross-industry mergers and acquisitions (M&A) using a sample of firms listed in China’s Growth Entrepreses Market (GEM). Compared to firms listed in the Shanghai and Shenzhen Stock Exchanges, firms listed in the GEM are much smaller and tend to derive the majority of their revenues from a single industry. I first analyze the motives for firms listed in the GEM to engage in M&As and propose a set of factors that may influence their likelihood of M&A activities. Using data on 55 cross-industry M&As between January 1, 2012 and December 31, 2016, I find that investor generally responded positively in short-term, as indicated by the positive accumulated abonormal returns over the first five trading days following the announcements. Meanwhile, I found no evidence that investors benefited from cross-industry M&As in long-term over three years after the event. Further analysis suggests that the short-term effects of cross-industry M&As by GEM listed firms were influenced by the target firm’s market valuation, whether the M&A was paid by cash, the amount of the payment, and the degree of difference between the acquiring firm’s and the target firm’s industries. These findings have important implications for the investors and senior executives of firms listed in the GEM.

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Created

Date Created
  • 2018