Matching Items (41)

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Motorcycle Safety: A Study of Factors Contributing to Rider Fatalities

Description

Motorcycle fatalities have been increasing at a faster rate than the number of motorcycles being registered in the United States. There is limited analysis on the causes of fatal motorcycle

Motorcycle fatalities have been increasing at a faster rate than the number of motorcycles being registered in the United States. There is limited analysis on the causes of fatal motorcycle crashes, specifically regarding different demographics, certain driver behavior, and various crash characteristics. It is important to be aware of how these factors relate to each other during a fatal motorcycle crash. This analysis focuses on these factors and explores potential steps to decrease motorcycle fatality rates using research and data from the Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) from the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), and data from the National Household Travel Survey (NHTS). Based on this data, there are noticeable trends between different genders and age groups. According to the analysis, males have a higher fatality rate than females, and their fatal crashes tend to involve multiple driver infractions such as drinking, speeding, not wearing a helmet, and driving without a license. Similarly, younger drivers have a higher fatality rate than older drivers, and their fatal crashes tend to involve multiple driver infractions. Although older drivers involved in fatal crashes usually drive more cautiously, they tend to be involved in single-vehicle crashes more often than younger drivers. Moving forward, implementing certain training programs directed towards particular demographics has the potential to decrease motorcycle rider fatalities.

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Created

Date Created
  • 2019-05

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Modeling Dynamics of Methamphetamine Markets and Use: A Case Study of Arizona and California

Description

Substance abuse has become a major problem in the USA in the past decade, with immense public health and societal consequences. Methamphetamine (meth) use has grown due to an increased

Substance abuse has become a major problem in the USA in the past decade, with immense public health and societal consequences. Methamphetamine (meth) use has grown due to an increased number of meth production and distribution markets. Border states such as Arizona and California are especially concerned with Mexico’s production and distribution of meth to their residents. A mathematical model for meth use and markets was developed and then analyzed to track multiple types of drug markets and drug-related arrests for possession or distribution. The importance of social influences as a major causal factor in the onset of illicit drug use is explicitly incorporated. The model parameters are then estimated using meth-related data from California and Arizona. A parameter sensitivity analysis on the model output was carried out. The results suggest that law enforcement policy aimed at marketers will be significantly more effective than targeting current users. Moreover, local unorganized markets have a greater role in maintaining the endemic level of meth users. Whereas, global organized markets play a role in initiating meth use outbreaks. Some implications for interventions and health promotion for the two states are also discussed.

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Date Created
  • 2019-05

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What Drives Electric Vehicle Sales?

Description

In March 2019, the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) released a report describing the critical importance of the next decade in mitigating the effects of climate change.

In March 2019, the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) released a report describing the critical importance of the next decade in mitigating the effects of climate change. From a consumer perspective, the most impactful method of reducing greenhouse gas emissions is by altering and/or reducing usage of personal and public transportation. Despite the significant technological advances in vehicle electrification, vehicle mileage, and hybrid technology, there is a gap in analysis performed about the relationship between oil prices and electric vehicle sales. This can be largely attributed to the large variation in oil and gas prices within the last decade and the short timeframe in which electric vehicles have been available to the average consumer. In addition to oil prices, significant driving factors of consumer electric vehicle purchases include battery range, availability and accessibly of charging infrastructure, and tax incentives. While consumers clearly have a significant role to play in driving electric vehicle sales, by virtue of the time commitment required to research and develop these emerging technologies, manufacturers have an arguably greater role in determining the market share EVs possess. The concept of “market disruption” versus “market replacement” is an intriguing explanation for the failure of electric vehicles, which as of early 2019 held a market share of less than 2%, to become the primary mode of transportation for most Americans, despite their wide-ranging financial and societal benefits, which will be a key challenge for the industry to overcome in the years to come.

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Agent

Created

Date Created
  • 2020-05

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KaiZEN: the Art of Continuous Improvement

Description

The term kaizen is derived from the Japanese words “kai” meaning change and “zen” meaning good, and is a popular business philosophy for continuous improvement used in industrial engineering. KaiZEN:

The term kaizen is derived from the Japanese words “kai” meaning change and “zen” meaning good, and is a popular business philosophy for continuous improvement used in industrial engineering. KaiZEN: the Art of Continuous Improvement is an exploration of the relationship between design and engineering, and how these principles can be applied to home and work environments for the everyday reader. Readers will learn common practices used in industry, especially manufacturing environments, and how to use the same innovative solutions in their home and work life. Applying these principles will allow anyone to thrive in a space of aesthetic and functional efficiency that can improve state of mind, quality of life, and unlock the best version of oneself. By the end readers will become more observant of their surroundings and organize their environment with intention. They will have a deeper connection to the theory of continuous improvement and realize the unlimited potential of work, life, and self. The text is delivered in the format of a “coffee-table book” with concept illustrations and easy-to-read passages and applications. The book discusses the following industrial engineering principles: Lean Six Sigma, ergonomics, human factors engineering, network optimization, the “shortest path” problem, workplace design, economics, psychology, and physiology. It also explores applications of design principles like Feng shui, hygge, color psychology, modern farmhouse, bohemian, and minimalism. The text is divided into home and work sections, with organizing recommendations for home elements, living room, kitchen, bedroom, and bathroom. The work section discusses workstation ergonomics, network optimization, and budgeting.

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Agent

Created

Date Created
  • 2020-05

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K-8 STEAM Museum Proposal

Description

Accessible STEAM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Art, and Mathematics) education is imperative in creating the future innovators of the world. This business proposal is for a K-8 STEAM Museum to be

Accessible STEAM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Art, and Mathematics) education is imperative in creating the future innovators of the world. This business proposal is for a K-8 STEAM Museum to be built in the Novus Innovation Corridor on Arizona State University (ASU)’s Tempe campus. The museum will host dynamic spaces that are constantly growing and evolving as exhibits are built by interdisciplinary capstone student groups- creating an internal capstone project pipeline. The intention of the museum is to create an interactive environment that fosters curiosity and creativity while acting as supplemental learning material to Arizona K-8 curriculum. The space intends to serve the greater Phoenix area community and will cater to underrepresented audiences through the development of accessible education rooted in equality and inclusivity.

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Created

Date Created
  • 2020-05

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PRESIDENTIAL APPROVAL RATINGS MODEL: A collection of information which pertains to the construction of an Approval Rating Model.

Description

Technology has managed to seamlessly grow into every industry fathomable without much resistance. This could be due to the fact that the majority of industries that have integrated technology have

Technology has managed to seamlessly grow into every industry fathomable without much resistance. This could be due to the fact that the majority of industries that have integrated technology have lacked insurmountable barriers which could hold back strategic innovations. Even with a wide array of industries applying technology to their framework, some haven’t managed to reach the true capability of technological advances. One industry that has both taken wide advantage of technology while also barely scraping the surface of the depth behind its potential has been politics. Electronic voting booths, targeted online marketing campaigns, and live streamed debates have been integral parts of our modern-day political environment, however, approval rating-based forecasting for elections has been an area that isn’t commonly referenced by both large political players.

In an age of information where data can be extracted just about anywhere and interpolated using extensive statistical processing, the fact that systems modeling isn’t a pillar of campaign efforts seems ludicrous. A field that is heavily dependent on pivoting concern based on lack of support would make sense to heavily depend on a modeling system that can accurately predict future points of interest.
This report aims to lay the foundation that can be built upon through providing pitfalls in potential modeling, importance of a modeling system, and a barebones skeleton model in AnyLogic with a scheme of how the model would work. I hope this report can serve political interests by providing context on which modeling can accurately provide insight.

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Created

Date Created
  • 2020-05

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Value Analysis of Microsoft's Game Pass

Description

The retail cost of video games has remained fairly consistent over the decades as the industry has grown so significantly. Emerging alternatives to buying individual games, such as subscription services,

The retail cost of video games has remained fairly consistent over the decades as the industry has grown so significantly. Emerging alternatives to buying individual games, such as subscription services, attempt to provide a better deal than the current options. Examining the various attributes that all video games possess, regression analysis can be performed to look for what factors may impact the retail cost of a game. After performing the analysis, however, the low adjusted R-square values indicate that the analysis only accounts for a small percentage of the retail cost variability. This suggests that the chosen attributes are not reliable in estimating retail cost with a regression analysis.

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Created

Date Created
  • 2020-05

Efficient Methodology for Assessing and Improving Secure Shredding Bin Service Sizing

Description

Within recent years, the drive for increased sustainability within large corporations has drastically increased. One critical measure within sustainability is the diversion rate, or the amount of waste diverted from

Within recent years, the drive for increased sustainability within large corporations has drastically increased. One critical measure within sustainability is the diversion rate, or the amount of waste diverted from landfills to recycling, repurposing, or reselling. There are a variety of different ways in which a company can improve their diversion rate, such as repurposing paper. A conventional method would be to simply have a recycling bin for collecting all paper, but the concern for large companies then becomes a security issue as confidential papers may not be safe in a traditional recycling bin. Salt River Project (SRP) has tackled this issue by hiring a third-party vendor (TPV) and having all paper placed into designated, secure shredding bins whose content is shredded upon collection and ultimately recycled into new material. However, while this effort is improving their diversion, the question has arisen of how to make the program viable in the long term based on the costs required to sustain it. To tackle this issue, this thesis will focus on creating a methodology and sampling plan to determine the appropriate level of a third-party recycling service required and to guide efficient bin-sizing solutions. This will in turn allow for SRP to understand how much paper waste is being produced and how accurately they are being charged for TPV services.

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Date Created
  • 2020-05

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Disability Access and Resource Transportation Scheduler

Description

At Arizona State University, the Disability Resource Center provides disabled students transportation around campus. This transportation service known as DART is composed of approximately 20 student workers and 9 carts

At Arizona State University, the Disability Resource Center provides disabled students transportation around campus. This transportation service known as DART is composed of approximately 20 student workers and 9 carts that pick riders up based on pre-determined pick-up times and locations. With the current system, the scheduling of drivers to riders is inefficient, and in response, a tool was developed to schedule the rides in a faster manner. A demonstration of the new tool resulted in a time reduction of 98%.

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Created

Date Created
  • 2018-12

Gleam: Connecting Pregnant Women to Motivation

Description

The purpose of this study is to create and establish an efficient and cost-effective solution to decrease the effects of sedentarism in pregnant women. Our team was given a propelling

The purpose of this study is to create and establish an efficient and cost-effective solution to decrease the effects of sedentarism in pregnant women. Our team was given a propelling question, from which we had to narrow down our scope and conduct primary and secondary research to determine our ideal customers. The design of our study intends to imitate the development of a startup where ideas are created from scratch and the final deliverable is a business model plan that shows some sort of traction. Our first major finding is that a sedentary lifestyle can be treated without major challenges in low-risk pregnancies. We determined that uncertainty and lack of concise and clear information is one of the main causes of an increased level of sedentary behavior in low-risk pregnancies. A significant driver for women to do some sort of activity or exercise stems from feeling supported, which doesn’t necessarily come from their partner or couple, but instead from other women that are going to a similar process as them. There are apps in the market that intend to serve pregnant women; however, there is not one that incorporates a social aspect to achieve their goal. In conclusion, there is opportunity in the market for a socially integrated pregnancy fitness app. The Gleam concept has been consciously developed to decrease sedentary behavior through concise, clear, and reliable information and by encouraging women through a socialization platform.

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Date Created
  • 2021-05