Matching Items (7)

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Development of Screening and Education Tool for Social Determinants of Health in Vulnerable Population in Arizona

Description

Background: This paper details the development of screening and education tools for finding Social Determinants of Health (SDH) in Maricopa County’s vulnerable population. SDH is known as structural or physical

Background: This paper details the development of screening and education tools for finding Social Determinants of Health (SDH) in Maricopa County’s vulnerable population. SDH is known as structural or physical differences that hinder everyone to have an equal opportunity for improved health, and one of the steps to overcome the differences is through understanding what SDHs are prevalent in the targeted community, so that the community can develop the needed resources. SDH screening process was developed in collaboration with Student Health Outreach for Wellness (SHOW), a student-run organization whose aim is to provide healthcare for underserved populations. SHOW has a unique multi-disciplinary approach of treating each of their patients, and this screening is planned to be implemented during the treatment.
Methods: A literature review was conducted and SDH screening tool were adapted from known SDH screeners, such as Health Leads, PRAPARE, and CLEAR, to fit to the general population that SHOW serves. Training was also developed to educate the student volunteers who will be conducting the SDH screening and included necessary education about the population and the importance of SDH in general. Training materials include a practice scenario, a resources guide, SMART goal sheet, an introduction to the resource guide, and a process flowchart.
Outcomes: This project consists of different versions of screening tools, a training presentation, activities, handouts, and implementation ideas required to succeed in accurate SDH determination.

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Created

Date Created
  • 2019-05

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Comparative Analysis of Interprofessional Clinic Models: Recommendations for Best Practice Implementation

Description

As the complexity of healthcare continues to rise, the need for change in healthcare delivery is more prominent than ever. One strategy identified by the World Health Organization (WHO) for

As the complexity of healthcare continues to rise, the need for change in healthcare delivery is more prominent than ever. One strategy identified by the World Health Organization (WHO) for responding to these increasing complexities is the use of interprofessional practice and education to improve patient outcomes, reduce costs, and enhance the patient experience of care (Triple Aim). Interprofessional collaboration among diverse disciplines is evident on the Phoenix Biomedical Campus, integrating a wide variety of institutions and multiple health profession programs; and at the Student Health Outreach for Wellness (SHOW) free clinic, -- a successful tri-university, student-led, faculty mentored, and community-based model of interprofessional learning and care -- based in downtown Phoenix. This project conducted a comparative analysis of interprofessional components of 6 different clinical models in order to provide recommendations for best practice implementation. These models were chosen based on availability of research on interprofessionalism with their clinics. As a result, three recommendations were offered to the SHOW clinic for consideration in their efforts to improve both patient and educational outcomes. Each recommendation was intentionally formulated for its capacity to increase: interprofessionalism and collaboration between multiple disciplines pertaining to healthcare, among healthcare professionals to promote positive patient and educational outcomes. These recommendations include implementing an interprofessional education (IPE) course as a core component in an academic program's curriculum, offering faculty and professional development opportunities for faculty and mentors immersed in the interprofessional clinics, and utilization of simulation centers. Further studies will be needed to evaluate the impact these specific interventions, if adopted, on patient and educational outcomes.

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Created

Date Created
  • 2017-05

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Health Education Programming for Pregnant and Parenting Women in an Addiction Treatment Facility

Description

This paper details the development of a six-week health education class for pregnant and parenting women recovering from substance abuse. The class was developed in collaboration with Student Health Outreach

This paper details the development of a six-week health education class for pregnant and parenting women recovering from substance abuse. The class was developed in collaboration with Student Health Outreach for Wellness (SHOW) Community Initiative, a student-run organization providing free healthcare to underserved populations, and with Crossroads, Inc., a licensed treatment provider serving men, women, and veterans recovering from addiction and substance use disorders. A needs assessment via personal interview was conducted to identify the demographics of the female residents at the Crossroads for Women treatment facility, the existing medical health promotional services, and the needed medical and health promotional services. The needs assessment identified the need for health education for pregnant and parenting women recovering from addiction. The SHOW Program Development Guide was utilized to develop the content for the classes based on the Health Belief Model theory. The Health Belief Model focuses on the beliefs and attitudes of individuals and altering them to make achieving good health more feasible (Hochbaum, Rosenstock, and Kegels, 1952). The program curriculum identifies potential perceived barriers to health and utilizes strategies to decrease the perceived barriers and increase perceived benefits. The six-week course was divided to address six different topics: 1. Introduction, 2. Physical Health, 3. Stress Management, 4. Nutrition, 5. Exercise, and 6. Conclusion and Discharge Planning. The class will be taught by a variety of health professional disciplines in accordance with the interprofessional practice theory, which utilizes two or more health professions to improve health outcomes. This project outlines all presentation materials, handouts, activities, and implementation recommendations required to produce a program that helps pregnant and parenting women on their road to recovery.

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Created

Date Created
  • 2016-12

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Improving Healthcare in the Phoenix Homeless Population Through Triple Aim-Focused Interprofessional Practice

Description

Introduction. Evidence shows that the United States' healthcare system is inefficient and lacks the quality and cost-effectiveness of other systems. The Institute for Healthcare Improvement outlined the Triple Aim to

Introduction. Evidence shows that the United States' healthcare system is inefficient and lacks the quality and cost-effectiveness of other systems. The Institute for Healthcare Improvement outlined the Triple Aim to improve the healthcare system through 1) improvement of population health for a defined population, 2) enhance the patient care experience, and 3) reduce per capita cost of care. The World Health Organization has identified interprofessional practice (IPP) and interprofessional education (IPE) as a possible approach to achieve the Triple Aim. The Student Health Outreach for Wellness (SHOW) initiative is an interprofessional free clinic and outreach initiative for individuals experiencing homelessness. The goal of the current study was to evaluate whether interprofessional care delivery through SHOW moved SHOW's practice towards the Triple Aim for SHOW's defined population. Methods and Results. Data assessing adherence to Triple Aim goals of population health and costs of care were collected from voluntary post-visit patient satisfaction surveys, while data assessing patient experience were collected from shift rosters of SHOW versus a similar non-interprofessional clinic. SHOW, on average, provided access to more disciplines than a similar non-interprofessional clinic. Access to care cost savings was assessed by surveying patients on where they would have sought care elsewhere SHOW had not been available ; of the 53 patients surveyed, 14 indicated they would have gone to the emergency department (ED); in all, SHOW diverted a little over $30,000 in patient ED visits. Improved health outcomes were measured by each patient's self-perception of his/her health. 91% of patients agreed or strongly agreed that their health had been improved by coming to the clinic. Conclusion. Preliminary data suggest that SHOW's IPP care delivery results in high patient satisfaction rates and positive self-perception of health outcomes, thus may improve the patient experience and minimize costs of care by deterring ED visits within the population. Further studies are needed to determine how specific aspects of interprofessional care can further move towards Triple Aim objectives.

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Created

Date Created
  • 2016-05

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Increasing Influenza Immunization Rates at a Homeless Clinic Through Staff Education

Description

Background: Healthy People 2020, a government organization that sets health goals for the United States, has established the benchmark objective of 70% influenza vaccination coverage. National trends show immunization rates

Background: Healthy People 2020, a government organization that sets health goals for the United States, has established the benchmark objective of 70% influenza vaccination coverage. National trends show immunization rates are a dismal 41.7% for the adult population. Persons
experiencing homelessness are a vulnerable population in which access to preventative health care services is lacking. Prevention of acute illness, whenever possible, is crucial to maintaining the health of this population. The purpose of this project is to increase influenza vaccinations through staff education at a homeless clinic.

Methods: Eighty-eight volunteer staff, at a student led homeless clinic, received education on the influenza vaccinations. The education occurred at the first orientation meeting of the fall semester in 2016 and consisted of; the importance of immunizations, goals of Healthy People 2020, and an emphasis on addressing patient objections. The effectiveness of the program
compared the percentage of patients immunized from August - December 2016 to 2015.

Results: Post intervention, 44% of the clinic patients were immunized against influenza,
compared to 18% (pre-intervention). This finding resulted in a statistically significant increase in
vaccinations (Z= -5.513, p= < .001, Wilcoxon signed rank test). Eighty-eight volunteers were
present at the influenza vaccination educational intervention and 82 returned their surveys
(response rate 93%). The average score of the posttest was 96% (range 70-100%).

Conclusions: These findings support staff education on influenza vaccinations as a strategy for
increasing vaccination in the homeless population. Such interventions provide promise to
increase influenza vaccinations, however, they fall short of meeting the goals of Healthy People
2020. Identifying innovative interventions is critical to meet the goals of Healthy People 2020.

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Created

Date Created
  • 2017-04-17

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Self-Help Mindfulness Group to Increase Mindfulness and Improve Stress Management in Those with Substance Use Disorders

Description

Stress is the direct source of some health issues and the precursors to many illnesses. The effects of stress are felt by the majority of the population and is usually

Stress is the direct source of some health issues and the precursors to many illnesses. The effects of stress are felt by the majority of the population and is usually undertreated or overlooked as a norm of life rather than a potential source of illness. Though everyone has different thresholds of stress, chronic or constant stress is debilitating for some and can manifest itself in limitless ways. For adults with substance use disorders (SUDs), research supports that mindfulness based interventions (MBIs) could be beneficial for stress management. The techniques incorporated in mindfulness based practices can decrease the baseline stress of its practitioners by increasing their awareness and mindfulness within daily life and during stressful situations.

This increase in awareness and mindfulness has shown numerous benefits that may be crucial in increasing the likelihood of sobriety for those with SUDs. Some of these benefits may include, improved stress management, improved mitigation of craving symptoms, reduced incidences of relapse, and a better quality of life. A 4-week self-help mindfulness pilot program was conducted twice within two separate residential substance recovery settings. The participant’s satisfaction and the internalization of mindfulness concepts were measured within the pre and post implementation of a self-help mindfulness class. In the pilot program, participants rated high satisfaction of the mindfulness class and showed increased levels of mindfulness through the use of the client satisfaction questionnaire (CSQ-8) and the five facets of mindfulness questionnaire (FFMQ-39).

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Created

Date Created
  • 2018-05-01

Interprofessional Collaborative Education in Mental Health: Exploring Attitudes and Beliefs About Collaboration and Teamwork

Description

Purpose: Assess provider perceptions on care coordination, collaboration, teamwork, and shared decision-making practices pre and post a brief educational intervention on interprofessional collaboration (IPC).

Background and significance: A lack of care

Purpose: Assess provider perceptions on care coordination, collaboration, teamwork, and shared decision-making practices pre and post a brief educational intervention on interprofessional collaboration (IPC).

Background and significance: A lack of care coordination and active follow up in the outpatient setting of individuals living with mental illness places this population at high risk for developing various comorbidities. Care coordination across care providers and patients in a IPC, patient-centered treatment model of care is an intervention that can reduce this barrier to care.

Methods: At a behavioral health clinic in the southwestern United States (U.S.) twenty-two participants were assessed via the Collaborative Practice Assessment Tool (CPAT), before and after an educational presentation on IPC care. The CPAT is a tool that was developed to assess collaborative practice within teams and help identify needs for professional development.

Results: Statistical significance was found from pretest to posttest scores (t(21) = -1.936, p = .066). Statistical significance was found in two of the eight domains; mission, meaningful purpose, and goals (p = .009) and decision-making and conflict management (p = .058). Increases in posttest scores were seen in all eight domains.

Conclusions: Training behavioral health professionals in IPC practice and teambuilding may facilitate improved clinical team experiences and communication. Behavioral health professionals treating individuals living with serious mental illness (SMI), IPC training could prepare providers to work more effectively and efficiently in the delivery of patient-centered care in this population with complex health care needs.

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Created

Date Created
  • 2016-05-04