The purpose of this project was to investigate the hypothesis that adults with dyslexia tend to have lower accuracies in and take longer to process tasks involving the serial order of letters, compared to age and gender-matched controls. In Experiment 1, participants evaluated word pairs for differences. Half of the word pairs that they evaluated were the same, whereas the remaining word pairs differed along specific parameters such as sequential rearrangements ("left" vs "felt"), left/right reversals ("cob" vs "cod"), up/down reversals ("best" vs "pest"), homophones ("grown" vs "groan"), visual letter similarities ("tight" vs "fight"), and generic substitutions ("moan" vs "loan"). The response times and accuracies of both groups were recorded. In Experiment 2, the participants spelled single words to dictation using the spelling subtest from the Wechsler Individual Achievement Test\u2014II. Spelling errors were evaluated for errors such as sequential rearrangements, left/right reversals, homophones, substitutions, orthographic violations, omissions, and insertions. An example of a spelling error is the word "excitement" misspelled as "excietment", which involves a sequential rearrangement error. Another example is the word "apparently" misspelled as "aparently,", which involves an error of omission. Error frequencies within these error types for both groups were recorded. Experiment 3 evaluated whether left/right reversal errors during the letter-naming Rapid Automatized Naming and Rapid Alternating Stimulus (RAN/RAS) task were associated with left/right errors during word pair comparison and spelling and whether these visual reversal errors were also associated with errors of serial order. The group with dyslexia was split into two groups: group 1 included participants who did not make any left/right reversals during the RAN/RAS task and group 2 included participants who did make left/right reversals during the RAN/RAS task. The accuracies and reaction times of these three groups during the comparison and spelling assessments were recorded. The results of experiment 1 revealed that that adults with dyslexia had a significantly higher reaction time and lower accuracy during the sequential rearrangement and left/right reversal conditions. Experiment 2 demonstrated that the group with dyslexia made significantly more spelling errors during the homophone and omission conditions. The results of Experiment 3 showed associations between the sequential rearrangement and left/right conditions in both the word pair comparison and spelling task for participants with dyslexia who made left/right reversals during the RAN/RAS task. Overall, the participants with dyslexia who made left/right reversals during the RAN/RAS task seemed to have greater difficulty understanding the orientation of letters that occur on a horizontal plane, since this underlying pattern of errors was also seen throughout the spelling and word comparison tasks. These results show that left/right reversals and errors of serial order are evident in some, but not all adults with dyslexia. These errors may also characterize a distinct subtype of dyslexia. Further, errors of left/right reversal and serial order appear to be associated, so left/right reversals may represent a special form of serial order error that involves a change in the order of visual processing in the horizontal but not vertical axis of letter orientation.